Canada is concerned about missile proliferation – a threat that continues to increase as the numbers of both local missile development programs and new exporters rise. In a shifting international security environment, the spread of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems form a great challenge for the international community.
Continuing our longstanding policies on disarmament and strategic stability, Canada is working with like-minded states to curb the spread of WMD and delivery systems. Our approach is to engage directly with potential missile proliferators; to promote multilateral arms control mechanisms; and to urge strict export controls on missile-related items.
In 1987, Canada helped found the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) to counter the proliferation of unmanned delivery systems, such as missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), for WMD. Canada and all MTCR partners have voluntarily introduced export licenses for missile and other unmanned air delivery systems.
More recently, Canada has also been instrumental in creating the Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) which serves as an important transparency- and confidence-building measure.