Canadian Policy

In December 1998, the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (SCFAIT) presented its report on Canada's nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament policy.

The report, Canada and the Nuclear Challenge: Reducing the Political Value of Nuclear Weapons for the Twenty-first Century, made 15 recommendations on a range of political, military and commercial nuclear issues. The Government response was tabled in Parliament in April 1999.  It addressed each of the report’s 15 recommendations and produced a comprehensive government statement (PDF version, 741 KB) *.

Canada continues to call for and support efforts by nuclear-weapon States (NWS) to reduce their arsenals of nuclear weapons by:

  • fully implementing bilateral agreements such as START I and the 2002 Moscow Treaty;

  • ratifying and implementing START II;

  • negotiation of further strategic arms reduction agreements by the US and the Russian Federation, coupled with other NWS committing politically to not increase their inventories;

  • encouraging discussions designed to further negotiations among the five NWS after negotiations open on further strategic arms reduction agreements;

  • undertaking other confidence-building measures, including mutual de-alerting and verification of nuclear warhead destruction;

  • continuing reductions in fissile material stockpiles;

  • reducing inventories of tactical nuclear weapons, and further steps to curtail and eliminate their operational deployment;

  • reinforcing nuclear disarmament measures with additional actions, such as reductions in delivery systems; and,

  • continuing programs to ensure that surplus weapons-grade fissile material from dismantled nuclear warheads is kept physically secure and is disposed of.

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