In December 1998, the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (SCFAIT) presented its report on Canada's nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament policy.
The report, Canada and the Nuclear Challenge: Reducing the Political Value of Nuclear Weapons for the Twenty-first Century, made 15 recommendations on a range of political, military and commercial nuclear issues. The Government response was tabled in Parliament in April 1999. It addressed each of the report’s 15 recommendations and produced a comprehensive government statement (PDF version, 741 KB) *.
Canada continues to call for and support efforts by nuclear-weapon States (NWS) to reduce their arsenals of nuclear weapons by:
fully implementing bilateral agreements such as START I and the 2002 Moscow Treaty;
ratifying and implementing START II;
negotiation of further strategic arms reduction agreements by the US and the Russian Federation, coupled with other NWS committing politically to not increase their inventories;
encouraging discussions designed to further negotiations among the five NWS after negotiations open on further strategic arms reduction agreements;
undertaking other confidence-building measures, including mutual de-alerting and verification of nuclear warhead destruction;
continuing reductions in fissile material stockpiles;
reducing inventories of tactical nuclear weapons, and further steps to curtail and eliminate their operational deployment;
reinforcing nuclear disarmament measures with additional actions, such as reductions in delivery systems; and,
continuing programs to ensure that surplus weapons-grade fissile material from dismantled nuclear warheads is kept physically secure and is disposed of.
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