Facts on Sudan

Country name:
Republic of the Sudan
Total area:
2,505,810 km2
Population (2002):
32.5 million
Capital:
Khartoum
Life expectancy at birth (2002):
55.5 yr
Adult literacy rate (2002):
59.9%
UN Human Development Index (2004):
139th of 177 countries
Date of independence:
1 January 1956
Government type:
Republic (Presidential, military/political ruler)
Languages:
Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Ethnic groups:
Black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%,other 1%
Religions:
Sunni Muslim 70% (in north), indigenous beliefs 25%, Christian 5%
Legislative branch:
Unicameral National Assembly
Chief of State/Head of Government:
President Lt. Gen. Umar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir

Map of Sudan

Map of Sudan