Facts on Iran

Official Title:
Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital:
Tehran
Population:
70,431,905
Total Area:
1,648,000 km2
Currency:
1 CAN$ = 8373.54 Rial (IRR)(2006)
National Holiday:
11 February & Islamic Republic Day: 1 April (1979)
Language(s):
Persian (Farsi) and Persian dialects - 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects - 26%, Kurdish - 9%, Luri - 2%, Baloch - 1%, Arabic - 1%, Turkish - 1%, others - 2%.
Religion(s):
Shiite Muslim - 89%, Sunni Muslim - 9%, Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i - 2%.
Type of State:
Islamic Republic
Type of Government:
Islamic Consultative Assembly ("Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami")
Head of State:
Spiritual Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei
Head of Government:
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Manucher Mottaki
Finances: Safdar Hoseini
Main Political Parties:
No political parties are allowed, but there are several recognizable political groupings: Executives of Construction, Followers of the Imam's Line and the Leader (conservative), Islamic Coalition Association, Islamic Iran Solidarity Party, Islamic Partnership Front, Militant Clerics Association, Second Khordad Front (pro-reform), Tehran Militant Clergy Association.
Elections:
Last: 2005 (presidential), 2004 (legislative)

Map of Iran

Map of Iran