Canada’s partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank

IDB Background

Founded in 1959, the IDB currently has 48 member countries, including 26 Latin American and Caribbean borrowing members: Argentina, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Each member country's voting power is based on its subscription to the institution's Ordinary Capital (OC) resources.

Canada in the IDB Background

Canada has been a strong and reliable partner of the Inter-American Development Bank since 1972. Canada contributes just over 4 percent of the bank’s ordinary capital. The Canadian government has consistently demonstrated its commitment to the IDB and its goals of reducing poverty and inequality in Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2009, Canada temporarily increased its callable capital at the Bank by $4 billion, to support lending for economic, social and institutional development in the Americas during the global economic crisis. Canada also played a leading role in the negotiations to conclude the IDB’s Ninth General Capital Increase, which was agreed to in 2010. In March 2012, Canada established the Canadian Climate Fund for the Private Sector in the Americas at the IDB, a $250 million fund is providing concessional financing to advance private sector climate change actions in Latin America and the Caribbean.

In addition, Canada has been a significant contributor to the IDB’s Multilateral Investment Fund, a leading promoter of microfinance in Latin America and the Caribbean. Since its creation in 1993, the MIF has funded more than 1,700 projects in this region and has provided over $1.1 billion in grants and investments towards private sector development projects.

As part of Canada’s engagement in the Americas, Canada continues to strengthen its links with its Latin American and Caribbean neighbors. The Canadian government’s commitment to promoting a more prosperous, secure and democratic hemisphere is exemplified by its support for Haiti. Over the past decade Canada provided tens of millions of dollars in grants to the Haitian government to supplement IDB-financed investments in infrastructure, particularly in roads connecting some of the most remote regions of the country.

After the 2010 earthquake, Canada demonstrated its leadership in responding to Haiti’s plight. Canada was one of the first countries to forgive its share of Haiti’s foreign debt. At the IDB, Canada contributes to the Fund for Special Operations (FSO) which targets the least advantaged member countries, and also provided additional contributions to the FSO on behalf of the IDB’s poorest member countries, including Haiti.

Canada has hosted annual meetings of the IDB Board of Governors on three occasions: in 1978 (Vancouver), in 1990 (Montreal), and in 2011 (Calgary).