Export Controls are governed by Section 3 of the Export and Import Permits Act, which gives the Government the power to establish an Export Control List (ECL) to control the export of goods and technology for any of the following purposes:
An export permit is required before an item included in the ECL may be exported from Canada to any destination, with the exception (in most cases) of the United States. Nuclear material and equipment, automatic firearms, logs, softwood lumber, pulpwood, roe herring and red cedar bolts and blocks are among the items requiring permits for export to the United States. This requirement enables Canada to meet international commitments, such as preventing the proliferation of missile technology and biological, chemical and nuclear weapons. Permits are also required to export any items to countries on the Area Control List (ACL). At present only Belarus and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) are on the ACL.
Responsibility for the issuance or denial of export permits for most of the items on the ECL lies with Export Controls Division.
The ECL includes seven groups as follows:
For further details see the relevant sections of the Guide to Canada's Export Controls.
Please note that even if an item does not appear on the ECL it may still need some sort of export authorization. Several other departments have responsibilities for certain export controls, namely: the Canadian Wheat Board, Health Canada, Agriculture Canada, Canadian Heritage, Superintendent of Financial Institutions, Natural Resources Canada; and Environment Canada.