Serial No. 72
Date: October 3, 1994
1.1 The purpose of this Notice is to increase awareness of the potential problem posed by the use of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, material and technology, in contributing to unsafeguarded programs or nuclear explosive activities, and to provide information on Canada's export controls covering all nuclear and nuclear-related items.
2.1 Canada's nuclear non-proliferation policy has two fundamental objectives:
2.2 Since 1974 Canada has undertaken nuclear cooperation only with those nuclear weapons states (NWS) and non-nuclear weapons states (NNWS) that have signed a Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (NCA) with Canada. The NCA contains several assurances including:
2.3 Since 1976 Canada has engaged in nuclear cooperation only with NNWS that have ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) or have taken anequivalent binding step and accepted International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards on the full scope of their nuclear activities.
2.4 Canada is a signatory to the NPT and a member of the IAEA. Canada also participates in multilateral fora which have established controls on the export of nuclear and nuclear-related items. These are:
3.1 In March 1992, the NSG approved the "Dual-Use Mechanism" which provides a framework by which the 28 current members of the NSG control the export of nuclear-related dual-use equipment, material and related technology.
4.1 Canada's nuclear export controls are applied consistent with Canadian laws, regulations, policies and with Canada's multilateral and bilateral commitments.
4.2 All nuclear items of strategic or nuclear non-proliferation significance currently controlled in accordance with the Atomic Energy Control Act and the Export and Import Permits Act are identified on a single list, the Export Control List (ECL).
5.1 The export of items identified in Group 3 and Part I of Group 4 of the Export Control List requires an export permit from DFAIT and an export licence from the AECB. This licence is granted on the export permit and does not need to be applied for separately. Applications for permits/licences are submitted to DFAIT which then coordinates the process with the AECB.
5.2 Items identified in Group 4 - Part II of the Export Control List may be exported under the authority of General Export Permit No. EX. 27 "Nuclear-Related Dual-Use Goods".
6.1 Applications where both export permits and export licences are required are to be submitted to:
The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade
Export Controls Division,
Lester B. Pearson Building,
125 Sussex Drive,
6.2 Applications where only an AECB export licence is required pursuant to Group 4 - Part II of the ECL are to be submitted to:
Atomic Energy Control Board Non-proliferation, Safeguards and Security Division
P. O. Box 1046, Station B