Volume #12 - 946.|
RELATIONS WITH THE UNITED STATES
Memorandum by Canadian Section, PJBD|
December 3rd, 1946|
REVISION OF ABC-22|
With regard to the revision of the Joint Canadian-United States Defense Plan (ABC 22), the following proposals are submitted by the Canadian Section of the Permanent Joint Board on Defense:
1. It is desirable that both countries should agree on certain fundamental principles for planning including the following:
(a) INFORMATION AND INTELLIGENCE. There should be a free and unrestricted exchange of information and intelligence in so far as it affects the forces of North America and this free flow of information should receive the necessary security safeguards.
(b) ALL EMBRACING PLAN. The plan for the defense of North America should be all embracing, i.e. it should not only cover Alaska and northern Canada, but Newfoundland, Greenland and Iceland; and any early warning system which may be part of the plan should be a uniform system throughout.
(C) STANDARDIZATION OF EQUIPMENT. The early warning and communication equipment (radar, wireless, etc.) should be standardized across the whole of the fronts.
COMMAND AND ORGANIZATION. It is felt that the principle of Command should remain as simple as possible, i.e. as long as the troops of only one nation are stationed in an area, to remain on national lines, but as soon as the forces of both nations are involved the Command should be a designated Command, designated by the Governments concerned.
RESPONSIBILITY FOR MAPPING AND SURVEY. This responsibility should remain with the country concerned, and each country should provide the maps on the scale desired by the other partner.
TERRITORIAL CONSIDERATIONS. The stationing of troops in the other nation's territory should be avoided until war is imminent. Construction of airfields, camps, installations, to be carried out by nationals concerned.
Combined planning committees of the two countries should meet together, alternately in Washington and Ottawa as required, with the object of producing a common appreciation and plan.
The first responsibility of these combined planning committees should be to prepare an appreciation of the problem along with an outline plan. This appreciation and outline plan should be submitted to the Board after consultation with the respective Chiefs of Staff and, if approved, should be submitted by the Board to the two Governments.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OUTLINE PLAN
On acceptance of the Plan, the Board should consider its implementation over a definite period.