1. The Committee will recall that at the 90th meeting on 14 November, 1952, they considered the matter of Canada-United States military installations in Newfoundland and Labrador, and noted that in informal discussions the USAF had indicated that they were prepared to assign squadrons to the US Northeast Command and place them under Canadian operational control while operating in Canadian Air Space. The following is a report of the arrangements which have been made.
2. The Canada-United States Military Cooperation Committee have met and drafted a revised command appendix to the Canada-US Emergency Defence Plan in which the principles governing the control of air defence forces are outlined. This paper has been approved by the US Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Canadian Chiefs of Staff.
3. The revised appendix states that the command of forces will be in accordance with the command structure of Canadian and US armed forces, except where otherwise specified by the Governments or Chiefs of Staff of Canada and the United States, and subject to the principles set forth hereunder:
(a) any forces located in Canada will operate under a Canadian Commander;
(b) any forces located in the United States or Alaska will operate under an American Commander;
(c) regardless of the area in which operating, the forces will come under the immediate command of a commander designated by the country furnishing the force;
(d) regardless of the area in which operating, internal administration shall be the prerogative of the country furnishing the force, and
(e) commanders who are responsible for operations should participate in the preparations of plans for such operations.
4. The following exceptions to the above principles were also agreed:
(a) paragraph 3(a) does not apply to forces stationed at the US 99 year leased bases. This exception, however, is modified in so far as air defence forces are concerned in paragraph 4(b);
(b) US air defence forces in Newfoundland operating over Canadian territory will come under the operational control of a Canadian Commander. Operational control, however, excludes re-deployment. The US Commander-in-Chief, Northeast Command, has the authority to re-deploy US air defence forces within the area of his command, but where possible, movement of these forces will be co-ordinated with the Canadian Commander. Before deploying US forces to a base in Canada outside the leased bases, authority must be sought from the Canadian Commander, except where the deployment is of a temporary tactical nature. In any case, the Canadian Commander is to be informed of any deployment of US air defence forces into, within, or out of Canadian territory; and
(c) any deviation from the principle outlined in paragraph 3(a) applicable to the US forces at Goose Bay are the subject of special arrangements approved by the Canadian Chiefs of Staff.
5. Since these command arrangements may involve deployment of US forces in Canada in peacetime, it will be noted that in paragraph 4(b), above, the US Commander-in-Chief, Northeast Command, is required to request authority from the Canadian Commander for any re-deployment in Canada outside the leased bases. In order that the Government may exercise control over the number of US troops stationed in Canada in peacetime, the Air Officer Commanding, Air Defence Command is being instructed to forward any such request for authority for re-deployment to National Defence Headquarters for Government approval.