Facts at a Glance

Afghanistan
 AfghanistanCanada
Official nameIslamic Republic of AfghanistanCanada
CapitalKabulOttawa
Area (in thousands of km2)6539,985
Population (in millions)30.5 (2013)35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2)47 (2013)3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011)2381
Human development index (HDI) (ranking)175 out of 187 countries (2012)11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita)US$410 (2010)US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP) (per capita)US$910 (2010)US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010)N/A 
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture302
Industry2232
Services4866
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking)147 out of 148 countries (2012)18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years)35 (1970)73 (1970)
49 (2012)81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
192 (1990)8 (1990)
101 (2011)6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
TotalN/A99
MenN/A99
WomenN/A99
Net primary school enrolment rate (% in 2007-2011)
TotalN/A99
BoysN/A99
GirlsN/A100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total50100
Urban78100
Rural4299
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
0.546.43