Facts at a Glance

Peru
 PeruCanada
Official nameRepublic of PeruCanada
CapitalLimaOttawa
Area (in thousands of km2)1.2859,985
Population (in millions)30.4 (2013)35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2)24 (2013)3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011)7781
Human development index (HDI) (ranking)77 out of 187 countries (2012)11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita)US$5,500 (2011)US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP) (per capita)US$10,160 (2011)US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010)4.9 
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture82
Industry3532
Services5766
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking)73 out of 148 countries (2012)18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years)53 (1970)73 (1970)
74 (2012)81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
75 (1990)8 (1990)
18 (2011)6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total9099
Men9599
Women8599
Net primary school enrolment rate (% in 2007-2011)
Total9599
Boys9599
Girls96100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total85100
Urban91100
Rural6599
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
2.036.43