Haiti

Haiti is the poorest country in the Americas. With a population of 10.4 million, the country ranks 161 out of 186 on the United Nations Development Programme's 2012 Human Development Index.

Development efforts in Haiti experienced a setback in January 2010 when a powerful earthquake hit the capital, Port-au-Prince, and neighbouring regions. The earthquake killed 230,000 people, displaced 1.3 million people, destroyed infrastructure, and severely disrupted basic services and economic activity. Progress in reconstruction was slowed in 2012 by two major hurricanes (Sandy and Isaac), which caused extensive damage to the island. Canada provided emergency humanitarian assistance to Haitians affected by these natural disasters, and played a major role in recovery efforts throughout the country.

Haiti is Canada's largest aid beneficiary in the Americas. In total, the Government of Canada delivered more than $1 billion in development and humanitarian assistance to Haiti between 2006 and 2012.

More than four years after the 2010 earthquake, Haiti is beginning its transition out of recovery, and renewing its focus on long-term development. In 2012, the Government of Haiti launched its long-term strategic development plan (Plan stratégique de développement d'Haïti : Vision 2030) as well as a new framework to coordinate development assistance.

As Haiti transitions towards longer-term development, Canada is reviewing its engagement in order to maximize aid effectiveness and support the achievement of sustainable results.

Thematic Focus

In 2014, Haiti was confirmed as a country of focus for the Government of Canada’s international development efforts. Following the earthquake, Canada worked to ensure that its programming met Haiti's priorities for rapid recovery, reconstruction and development.

Canada focuses its international development assistance in line with its thematic priorities: Children and Youth, and Sustainable Economic Growth. Advancing democratic governance, equality between women and men, and the environment are integrated as crosscutting themes.

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

Canada focuses on helping the Government of Haiti develop health and education systems and improve access to quality basic education and health care. For example, Canada supports large-scale school feeding programs that provide school children with one hot meal per day, which improves their ability to learn.

Key anticipated results

  • More women and children with access to free health care in hospitals and clinics throughout the country
  • More schools rebuilt and more children with access to school—due to tuition grants—school meals and school kits

Economic growth

Canada focuses on supporting efforts to increase the participation of vulnerable populations in economic activities that support the economy by providing microcredit and financial services through savings and credit cooperatives. Canada also supports job creation, in part by hiring local workers to staff labour-intensive projects such as rebuilding or repairing schools and increasing agricultural production. Canada is also helping to improve governance by making public institutions more effective, responsible and transparent.

Key anticipated results

  • Increased sustainable economic activities with an emphasis on women in targeted communities
  • More Haitians with access to microcredit

Canada works with a wide variety of international, Canadian and local partners to create the necessary conditions for a more prosperous future for Haitians.

Progress on Aid Effectiveness

Canada continues to work closely with the Government of Haiti and other donors to ensure that its programs are aligned with Haiti's priorities, harmonized with the efforts of other donors, and achieve results that benefit the poor.

Achievements

2012-2013

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

  • Helped more than 275,000 children (more than half of whom are girls) attend school
  • Increased access to free obstetric care provided by skilled health workers for 26,000 pregnant women as well as free heath care to 60,000 children under five

Economic growth

  • Improved financial services for more than 440,000 members of a savings and credit cooperative network enabling them to better manage their finances and take advantage of economic opportunities. This represents an increase of 27,000 members over 2012–2013
  • Helped more than 500 young Haitians access professional training in domains with high market demand

Governance

  • Reinforced the administration of five municipalities (Port-au-Prince, Léogâne, Gressier, Petit-Goâve et Grand-Goâve) by providing 140 technical assistance missions
  • Contributed to better public management for the Government of Haiti by helping more than 40 officials enroll in a master’s program in Public Administration

Humanitarian assistance

  • Improved access to health services, safe drinking water and sanitation facilities as well as health and hygiene awareness for more than 67,000 disaster-affected people in Cité Soleil and Léogâne.
  • Distributed more than 3,500 water filters and hygiene kits and rehabilitated and constructed 60 sanitation facilities, 12 oral rehydration posts and one cholera treatment centre.
2011-2012

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

  • Helped 35,000 children (half of whom are girls) attend school
  • Increased access to free obstetric care provided by skilled health workers for about 330,000 pregnant women
  • Helped cure 60 percent of Haiti's 33,000 tuberculosis patients and helped detect 5,200 new cases, with the support of United Nation's agencies.

Food security

  • Helped farmers in three areas increase agricultural production by about 25 percent, ensuring they had more food with which to feed their families
  • Provided training, tools, seeds and livestock to 13,800 families (about 69,000 people) to help them produce their own food and improve their nutrition

Economic growth

  • Improved financial services for more than 417,000 members of a savings and credit cooperative network, enabling them to better manage their finances and take advantage of economic opportunities

Governance

  • Helped register another 200,000 citizens in the civil registry, providing them with legal status which enables them to access basic services, apply for credit, obtain property titles and vote (this project has now reached more than five million people since 2008—90 percent of the adult population)

Humanitarian assistance

  • Provided essential primary health care services to 80,000 women, men and children living in the Lower Delmas area of Port-au-Prince
  • Through support to the International Organization for Migration, helped relocate 3,174 families to camps with better conditions, moved 4,884 families out of the camps and into better housing, and prevented 8,820 individuals in camps from being evicted (For photos before and after, see United Nations Development Programme Web site)
  • Helped make 40 camps for earthquake survivors safer for women by installing new solar-powered lights near showers, latrines and water distribution centres, through support to the United Nations Population Fund.

As of March 2012, Canada had fulfilled its $400-million commitment to reconstruction and recovery but continues to help Haiti in its long-term development efforts.

2010-2011

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

  • Increased access for girls and boys to quality teaching
  • Registered 24,000 children in displaced persons camps in the civil registry, providing them with identification and access to basic services
  • Increased immunization coverage rates for measles and rubella, from 44 percent in 2006 to 66 percent in 2011, and for polio, from 61 percent in 2008 to 78 percent in 2011

Food security

  • Provided 400,000 girls and boys with a hot meal every day of the school year, enabling them to improve their learning

Economic growth

  • Helped increase membership in the savings and credit cooperatives network, which includes 47 cooperatives and 24 points of service, by 20.6 percent (total number of members: 369,000) and helped provide stable, permanent employment in rural regions through the network
  • Helped revitalize the national agricultural sector, enabling 400,000 people to increase their income and food security
  • Contributed to the priorities of the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, including housing and debris management

Governance

  • Helped register 4.8 million people in the civil registry since 2008—about 85 percent of the adult population—enabling them to access basic services, apply for credit, obtain title to property, and vote
  • Participated in the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission and the Haiti Reconstruction Fund to ensure that the rebuilding process is being managed effectively, transparently and responsibly

Humanitarian assistance

  • Continued to respond to the ongoing and urgent needs of those still suffering the effects of the devastating earthquake and the widespread cholera epidemic of 2010
  • Constructed 3,200 transitional shelter units in Port-au-Prince, Léogane and Jacmel
  • Provided clean drinking water, latrines, and cleaning facilities to 75,000 people
  • Vaccinated 60,000 children against common diseases
  • Enabled 85 percent of the affected population to have access to cholera treatment

International development projects in Haiti

Map of projects in Haiti
Project Browser - Haiti

2012-2013 CIDA disbursements in Haiti

CIDA disbursements in Haitideveloppement/assets/images/countries-pays/pc-haiti2011-12.png
CIDA Disbursements$M
Sources
Long-Term Development Assistance80.79
Humanitarian Assistance11.33
Total92.12