In 2003, Canada joined an international development effort to rebuild Iraq. The country was in crisis after an extended period of social, political and economic unrest.
Canada's support focused on the development of a stable, self-governing and prosperous Iraq, with a representative and democratic government respectful of human rights and promoting equality between women and men. Canadian assistance in the area of social and economic development also helped meet basic human needs, such as food, water, and medical care.
In June 2003, Canada pledged $300 million over seven years for the reconstruction of Iraq. The largest share of Canada's contribution—$115 million—was disbursed through the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI), managed by the World Bank and the United Nations. Canada-funded IRFFI initiatives centred on governance, public finance reform, judicial reform, and the rehabilitation of basic community services. Other bilateral contributions—totalling about $115 million—were provided to support governance, social and economic development, and security reform. The remainder of the funding responded to the country's humanitarian needs.
Canada has met its commitments. In spite of the very challenging environment, significant results have been achieved in various sectors such as governance, social and economic development (education, water and sanitation, health) and security reform.
Although the bilateral program ended in 2010, Iraq may still continue to benefit from DFATD's:
- Multilateral and global programs including:
- Partnerships with Canadians programs that support the efforts of selected Canadian organizations working in developing countries
- Improved access to water and sanitation facilities for more than 3 million internally displaced persons and vulnerable residents in areas worst affected by the hostilities or those hosting large numbers of internally displaced persons
- Helped distribute food, hygiene kits, and other basic necessities to 740,000 internally displaced persons and residents
- Supported immunization campaigns that reached 420,000 children under five
- Distributed iron-fortified flour nationwide
- Trained senior Iraqi civil servants in audit, public finance reform, performance management, econometrics, and statistics
- Helped change the election law in Iraq to establish quotas (25 percent of seats) for women parliamentarians
- Helped create the International Mission for Iraqi Elections to assist the Independent Electoral Commission of Iraq, now the Independent High Electoral Commission, and increased its capacity as a strong, independent, and capable electoral commission
- Helped launch widely broadcast radio campaigns on human rights by local Iraqi non-governmental organizations
Social and economic development
- Provided access to clean water for more than 600,000 beneficiaries in the city of Karbala and an additional 215,000 beneficiaries throughout the governorate of Karbala
- Helped rehabilitate 100 schools in all governorates, benefitting more than 51,000 students and 2,600 teachers
- Helped rehabilitate and provide basic medical supplies and new equipment to 9 primary health centres
- Trained more than 40,000 Iraqi police recruits, including border police, over the course of four years at the Jordan International Police Training Center (JIPTC)
- Improved infrastructure of the JIPTC by constructing buildings and donating computers
CIDA Disbursements in Iraq: 2011-2012
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