Having made steady economic growth in recent years, and significant reforms, Morocco is a beacon of stability in Northern Africa and the Middle East. It is making good progress toward most of the Millennium Development Goals. Yet it still ranks ranks 130 out of 187 countries on the United Nations 2012 human development index, mainly because of the challenges it faces in eliminating social inequality between rural and urban dwellers.
Morocco's economic growth is largely dependent on agriculture, which employs 44 percent of workers. A population boom is contributing to increasing unemployment and poverty, especially among young people. Education is key to unlocking the economic potential for children and youth in Morocco.
Canada's international development programming in Morocco is closely aligned with the country's National Human Development Initiative (in French), which identifies education sector reform as a priority.
The goal of Canada's program is to help the country create opportunities for children and youth through education reform and the implementation of a competency-based approach (adapting the education system to the needs of the modern economy).
Children and youth
Canada continues to support the Ministry of Education's efforts to decentralize and reform basic education. This effort includes support to:
- expand decentralization to the school level in order to better meet local needs
- strengthen capacity in public management and results-based management to make the education system more accountable and efficient
- help to build a competency-based approach to education, which will increase the employability of graduates—and, in the longer term, the competitiveness of Morocco's labour force
Key anticipated results
- Some 9,000 school principals will be trained in strategic planning, management and participatory and accountable governance
- About 12,000 education managers will be trained in results-based management
- Some 700 teachers will be trained in the competency-based approach to technical and vocational training
Progress on Aid Effectiveness
Morocco adheres to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PDF, 317 KB, 23 pages), and it is increasing donor alignment with national priorities by setting up steering committees in several key sectors.
- Helped nine rural communities and three urban communities design their own community development plans and helped the Directorate General of Local Communities provide 1,500 local communities with support for this process
- Supported a major reform of human resources management in Moroccan communities, involving 50,000 public servants and helped to improve local governance practices as a result
- Developed tools, created management approaches, and implemented training programs to support the activities of all levels of government, reaching 1,503 Moroccan communities
- Helped seven rural communities and eight urban communities to create their own community development plans
Children and youth
- Trained more than 500 education managers from regional education and training academies in gender equality
- Helped develop and establish 22 programs using the competency-based approach in six sectors, including tourism/hotel, textiles/clothing, handicrafts, agriculture, new information and communications technologies, and mechanical, metallurgical, electric and electronics—in tourism alone, almost all 681 trainees found employment after graduation
- Helped train eleven Moroccans, certified in more than 50 skills, in the competency-based development process, establishing a foundation for skills-based training and development in Morocco's new vocational training system
- Introduced more than 1,000 stakeholders in vocational training to the competency-based approach
- Supported the introduction of a 12 percent quota to increase, from under 1 percent before the June 2009 elections, the number of women among elected representatives to Morocco's local government communes—the quota was met during the 2009 elections and 12 women were elected commune presidents
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