Peru is a significant partner in the promotion of democracy, stability, security, and human rights throughout Latin America. Its economy has been among the best-performing in the region in recent years, mainly due to strong mineral and hydrocarbon prices. Growth in Peru's gross domestic product slowed from 9.4 percent in 2008 to 2.2 percent in 2009. However, sound macroeconomic fundamentals, adequate fiscal reserves, and a healthy anti-crisis plan have positioned Peru relatively well to weather the global economic crisis. Despite aggregate economic growth, income inequality persists. Some 2.2 million individuals (eight percent of a population of 29.5 million) live on less than US$1.25/day. Women, children, and indigenous people living in rural areas and the highlands are the most vulnerable.

Peru has embarked on an ambitious decentralization reform process and is addressing regional disparities by bringing decision-making and delivery of public services closer to rural populations. This will address social conflict and manage and redistribute revenues (in large part derived from the extractive industries) so they directly target the poor and marginalized through increased health and education services.

Although Peru has made significant strides in education in recent years, the quality of education remains among the lowest in Latin America and the Caribbean, as shown by below-average scores for math and reading (UNESCO 2008). Peru's government has made it a priority to improve education standards, with special attention to reducing inequality by targeting rural areas and disadvantaged populations such as indigenous groups, women, and girls.

Find out what Canada is doing to support development in Peru.

Thematic Focus

In 2014, Peru was confirmed as a country of focus for the Government of Canada's international development efforts.

The overall goal of Canada's program in Peru is to reduce inequality in educational and economic opportunities for excluded populations in Peru.

Peru provides a framework for donor alignment through its National Policy on International Technical Cooperation (NPITC) for 2006-2011 (in Spanish — PDF, 560 KB, 25 pages), which ties together the national, sectoral, and regional policies that make up the country's development plan. Following an assessment of Peru's key development objectives of human development, economic growth and sustainability, and governance, Canada is responding to Peru's priority needs as expressed in its NPITC.

Children and youth

Canada supports efforts to strengthen the quality and efficiency of basic education, including intercultural education, for Peruvian girls and boys in rural areas and among indigenous populations by enhancing the managerial and technical capacity in education at national, regional and local levels.

Key anticipated results

  • Quality intercultural education for girls and boys
  • Provided access for boys and girls in Grades 1 and 2 to clear learning standards

Economic growth

Canada supports efforts to increase the participation of vulnerable populations in economic development through market-driven skills-for-employment programs and effective corporate social responsibility initiatives for the sustainable well-being of communities. Canada also supports the Government of Peru's decentralization reform by strengthening the capacity of regional governments to plan and deliver equitable and inclusive public services to their citizens and to sustainably develop the extractive and natural resources sector (especially mining).

Key anticipated results

  • Increased participation of small and medium-sized enterprises in the formal economy through training and access to credit
  • Implemented community-level sustainable development projects with extractive companies, regional and local governments, and non-governmental organizations
  • Enhanced the inclusive delivery, improved quality, and increased accessibility of public services at the regional level with a special emphasis on vulnerable populations—children and youth, women, and rural and indigenous populations
  • Improved management and resolution of social conflict in areas affected by extractive industries

Progress on Aid Effectiveness

Peru adheres to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PDF, 317 KB, 23 pages).

Ongoing efforts are required by donors to continue progress on aid effectiveness in partnership with Peru's International Cooperation Agency (APCI) (in Spanish). Canada is an active member of a number of donor committees, including education; governance; decentralization and modernization of the state; and equality between women and men.

Canada played a key role in creating a joint multidonor initiative in support of Peru's Ombudsman (Defensoría del Pueblo) (in Spanish), the key Peruvian organization that addresses human rights issues.



Achievements 2011-2012

Children and youth

  • Improved community monitoring systems in early childhood development, vaccination, nutrition, and development of motor and emotional skills in 35 communities
  • Translated 41 primary school texts into the mother tongues (Quechua, Yine, Awajun and Wampis) of 104,000 indigenous boys and girls
  • Matched more than 1,800 rural teachers serving 37,000 students with mentors to strengthen their capacity to deliver quality basic education
  • Supported a 16-percent decrease in chronic malnutrition among children through support to UNICEF's nutrient supplementation program

Economic growth

  • Increased safety for miners through training programs for 150 regional public servants and 2,000 independent miners on the hazards related to small-scale mining
  • Strengthened management practices for the implementation of economic development projects in 20 rural municipalities through technical assistance on effective municipal investment practices for 1,066 public servants
  • Helped increase the efficiency of more than 1,000 municipalities by creating a web platform that provides information intended to guide management and investment decisions
  • Trained some 1,500 officials and civil society representatives on preventing and managing conflicts linked to natural resources


  • Provided more than 124,000 Peruvians with information on their legal rights
  • Increased the representation of rural / indigenous women in leadership positions in organizations, communities, local councils, and as justices of the peace, through support to the work of CUSO
  • Increased protection for women through improvements to the national strategy on violence against women, court challenges to combat sexual violence, increased public awareness of gender violence, and recognition of the need for women's rights to be part of the general human rights movement in Peru

Achievements 2010-2011

Children and youth

  • Provided updated skills training to 500 teachers benefiting 13,500 students in La Libertad region
  • Helped distribute textbooks to 103,000 indigenous students and 106 local specialists were trained in intercultural and bilingual education and gender equality

Economic growth

  • Assisted the Ministry of Energy and Mining to adopt new maximum-permissible limits for mining effluents; created an online system for processing environmental impact assessments; and helped develop public-participation guidelines for consultation with the private sector and local communities
  • Helped increase the efficiency of municipalities across Peru through new online tools that have been used by 3,929 registered users, including 916 women
  • Helped 10 municipalities better manage resources from mining and oil/gas royalties
  • Continued to support the Ombudsman's Office, which responded to the concerns of more than 39,000 Peruvians during the year

Achievements 2009-2010

Children and youth (2008-2010)

  • Increased reading comprehension of Grade 2 students—from 3.9 percent in 2008 to 16 percent in 2009—and in mathematics learning outcomes—from 5.3 percent to 15.4 percent over the same period—in La Libertad
  • Trained teachers in the Learning Through Play initiative, which focuses on programs for children from disadvantaged and poor communities, and increases parents' knowledge of early childhood development in remote locations. The trained teachers are now training more than one hundred other teachers.

Economic growth

  • Supported Percan in its development of methodology to identify and prioritize mining legacies, which the Ministry of Energy and Mines approved, helping Peru obtain a $330 million World Bank Development Loan


  • Supported CARE's Huancavelica Reconstruction Project, which has built 414 houses in response to the 2007 earthquake and has seen its methodology and technology used in the nationally approved Rural Housing Program

By working with Canadian and international partners, Canada is working to improve the health and rights of women and children globally, which includes the country of Peru.

Map of international development projects in the Americas

Map of international development projects in the Americas

2014-2015 international assistance disbursements to Peru (in millions of dollars)

Global Affairs Canada28.27
Other departments and sources1.66