Quarterly Economic Indicators

Pocket-sized fact sheet on Canadian quarterly economic indicators

Excel version (83 KB)

Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators at a Glance
 20102011201220132014Q1/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Gross Domestic Product (Current $) ($B)1,662.81,770.01,831.21,893.81,974.81,977.0*
Real GDP Growth3.4%3.0%1.9%2.0%2.4%-0.6%*
GDP Per Capita48,89751,54052,69453,87055,56655,375 
Exports of Goods & Services as % of GDP29.1%30.6%30.2%30.2%31.6%30.8% 
Imports of Goods & Services as % of GDP31.0%31.8%32.1%31.8%32.5%33.4% 
Terms of Trade (2007 = 100.0) Index97.299.698.598.5101.193.5 
Federal Government Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-39.0-31.1-17.4-12.7-4.4-5.4 
CPI - Rate of Inflation - year-over-year1.8%2.9%1.5%0.9%2.0%1.1%**
Unemployment Rate8.0%7.5%7.3%7.1%6.9%6.7% 
Employment Growth - year-over-year1.4%1.5%1.3%1.5%0.6%0.7% 
Population (Millions)34.00534.34334.75235.15435.54035.703 
Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators
 20102011201220132014Q1/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Investment, Net Flows ($B)
Foreign direct investment in Canada, net flows29.339.339.272.763.46.7 
Canadian direct investment abroad, net flows-35.8-51.6-53.9-52.0-63.0-16.5 
Investment (Stocks) Position at the End of Period ($B)
Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment in Canada592.4603.5633.8691.9732.3n.a.**
Cumulative Canadian Direct Investment Abroad637.3675.0704.3761.6828.8n.a.**
Balance of Payments, Current Account ($B)
Exports of Goods & Services483.2541.0553.1571.8624.3152.2 
Goods404.0456.6463.1479.3529.0128.0 
Services79.284.490.092.595.424.2 
Imports of Goods & Services514.8562.2587.0602.0642.3165.1 
Goods413.7456.0474.3486.5524.0135.3 
Services101.1106.2112.7115.5118.429.9 
Trade Balance on Goods & Services-31.6-21.2-33.8-30.2-18.0-12.9 
Goods-9.70.6-11.2-7.25.0-7.2 
Services-21.9-21.8-22.7-23.0-23.0-5.6 
Balance on Current Account-58.4-47.2-59.9-56.3-41.5-17.5 
Travel ($B)
Total Receipts from Travel16.316.617.418.219.34.9 
Total Payments for Travel30.633.035.036.237.49.2 
Selected Components of GDP ($B)
Wages, Salaries & Supplementary Labour Income839.4885.1926.2960.2994.2      1,015.3*
Corporate Profits Before Taxes460.7507.4512.3524.8558.0529.5*
Federal Government Expenditures271.0275.3271.3275.9278.2280.9*
Provincial Government Expenditures387.2400.3410.3422.8435.0440.5*
Business Investment Fixed Capital307.2336.8368.2376.5391.0392.7*
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.6%1.6%1.6%1.8%1.6%1.6% 
Mining and oil and gas extraction7.9%8.1%8.0%8.1%8.5%8.3% 
Construction and utilities9.4%9.5%9.7%9.8%9.6%9.5% 
Manufacturing10.8%10.8%10.8%10.5%10.6%10.5% 
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and storage14.9%15.1%15.0%15.0%15.2%15.2% 
Finance, insurance and real estate services18.9%19.0%19.1%19.3%19.4%19.7% 
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.2%4.1%4.0%4.0%3.9%3.9% 
Professional, administrative and hospitality services10.7%10.7%10.7%10.7%10.6%10.6% 
Education, health, social and government services21.6%21.3%21.1%20.9%20.7%20.6% 
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)30.631.531.330.730.6n.a.
(GERD) as % of GDP1.84%1.78%1.71%1.62%1.55%n.a.
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates:
Canada2.60%3.00%3.00%3.00%3.00%2.85% 
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25% 
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.9711.0111.0000.9710.9050.806 
Pound Sterling0.6280.6300.6310.6210.5500.532 
Chinese renminbi6.5756.5326.3135.9705.5775.025 
Mexican peso12.25912.53813.15412.38712.04212.046 
Japanese Yen85.03480.51579.74594.60795.60295.983 
Euro0.7320.7260.7780.7310.6820.716 
Pocket Facts: Canadian Foreign Trade (Customs Basis)
 20102011201220132014Q1/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Total Merchandise Exports ($B)398.9446.7455.2471.9525.0127.1**
Total Merchandise Imports ($B)403.7446.7462.1475.6511.5128.3**
Merchandise Exports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products20.524.327.528.131.27.8**
Energy products86.7105.1108.1115.5134.726.6**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals15.920.419.018.419.14.5**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products50.058.652.853.056.815.0**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products29.834.932.434.234.78.5**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials29.830.730.834.037.29.6**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts20.323.124.424.226.47.0**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts20.120.620.319.921.25.8**
Motor vehicles and parts55.057.065.865.571.317.9**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts14.514.115.415.619.35.2**
Consumer goods45.346.546.450.256.714.5**
Five Major Export Markets based on 2014 Exports (Share of Total Exports)
United States74.9%73.6%74.5%75.9%76.8%77.0%**
China, P. Rep.3.3%3.8%4.3%4.3%3.7%3.5%**
United Kingdom4.1%4.2%4.1%3.0%2.9%3.4%**
Japan2.3%2.4%2.3%2.3%2.0%1.8%**
Mexico1.3%1.2%1.2%1.1%1.0%1.2%**
Merchandise Imports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products11.112.112.313.215.14.2**
Energy products37.647.544.744.443.97.6**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals9.110.710.211.611.02.4**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products36.042.841.838.142.811.5**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products30.836.038.140.944.811.1**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials17.518.620.521.122.96.0**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts36.142.545.345.551.113.4**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts51.255.355.756.758.815.0**
Motor vehicles and parts71.774.282.985.190.523.1**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts12.213.012.815.017.05.3**
Consumer goods85.488.691.996.6105.426.8**
Five Major Suppliers based on 2014 Imports (Share of Total Imports)
United States50.4%49.6%50.6%52.1%54.3%53.9%**
China, P. Rep.11.0%10.8%11.0%11.1%11.5%12.2%**
Mexico5.5%5.5%5.5%5.6%5.6%5.9%**
Germany2.8%2.9%3.1%3.2%3.1%2.9%**
Japan3.3%2.9%3.3%2.9%2.6%2.9%**

Notes: ($B) = Billions of Canadian Dollars
Source: Statistics Canada-CANSIM
Revised: 5 June 2015

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.bea@international.gc.ca