Quarterly Economic Indicators

Pocket-sized fact sheet on Canadian quarterly economic indicators

Excel version (83 KB)

Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators at a Glance
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Gross Domestic Product (Current $) ($B)1,770.01,831.21,893.81,991.6*
Real GDP Growth3.0%1.9%2.0%2.8%*
GDP Per Capita$51,540$52,694$53,870$56,038 
Exports of Goods & Services as % of GDP30.6%30.2%30.2%31.9% 
Imports of Goods & Services as % of GDP31.8%32.1%31.8%32.4% 
Terms of Trade (2007 = 100.0) Index99.698.598.596.8 
Federal Government Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-31.1-17.4-12.7-2.3 
CPI - Rate of Inflation - year-over-year2.9%1.5%0.9%0.1%**
Unemployment Rate7.4%7.2%7.1%6.9% 
Employment Growth - year-over-year1.6%1.2%1.3%0.8% 
Population (Millions)34.34334.75235.15435.540 
Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Investment, Net Flows ($B)
Foreign direct investment in Canada, net flows39.343.069.417.2 
Canadian direct investment abroad, net flows51.655.447.013.5 
Investment (Stocks) Position at the End of Period ($B)
Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment in Canada603.5626.8686.3721.2**
Cumulative Canadian Direct Investment Abroad675.0712.6779.3823.8**
Balance of Payments, Current Account ($B)
Exports of Goods & Services540.7546.6565.9158.6 
Imports of Goods & Services562.5582.8597.6161.4 
Trade Balance on Goods & Services-21.9-36.2-31.7-2.8 
Balance on Current Account-48.5-62.2-60.3-8.4 
Travel ($B)
Total Receipts from Travel16.617.418.24.9 
Total Payments for Travel33. 
Selected Components of GDP ($B)
Wages, Salaries & Supplementary Labour Income885.1926.2960.2998.9*
Corporate Profits Before Taxes507.4512.3524.8566.7*
Federal Government Expenditures275.3271.3275.9276.5*
Provincial Government Expenditures400.3410.3422.8436.4*
Business Investment Fixed Capital336.8368.2376.5394.8*
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.6%1.6%1.8%1.5% 
Mining and oil and gas extraction8.1%8.0%8.1%8.4% 
Construction and utilities9.5%9.7%9.8%9.5% 
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and storage15.1%15.0%15.0%15.4% 
Finance, insurance and real estate services19.0%19.1%19.3%19.4% 
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.1%4.0%4.0%3.9% 
Professional, administrative and hospitality services10.7%10.7%10.7%10.7% 
Education, health, social and government services21.3%21.1%20.9%20.6% 
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)30.730.730.4n.a.
(GERD) as % of GDP1.73%1.68%1.61%n.a.
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates:
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25% 
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar1.0111.0000.9710.918 
Pound Sterling0.6300.6310.6210.550 
Australian dollar0.9800.9661.0030.993 
Mexican peso12.5413.1512.3912.05 
Pocket Facts: Canadian Foreign Trade (Customs Basis)
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Total Merchandise Exports ($B)446.7454.8471.9389.6**
Total Merchandise Imports ($B)446.7462.0475.6380.4**
Merchandise Exports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products24.327.528.122.9**
Energy products105.1108.0115.5103.2**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals20.419.018.413.8**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products58.652.853.041.6**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products34.932.234.226.4**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials30.730.834.027.9**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts23.124.424.219.4**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts20.620.319.915.4**
Motor vehicles and parts57.065.865.551.9**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts14.115.415.613.6**
Consumer goods46.546.450.241.6**
Five Major Export Markets based on 2013 Exports (Share of Total Exports)
United States73.6%74.5%75.9%77.0%**
China, People's Republic3.8%4.3%4.3%3.7%**
United Kingdom4.2%4.1%3.0%2.8%**
Merchandise Imports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products12.112.313.211.3**
Energy products47.544.744.434.4**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals10.710.211.68.1**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products42.841.838.131.4**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products36.038.140.933.9**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials18.620.521.117.3**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts42.545.345.538.3**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts55.355.656.742.4**
Motor vehicles and parts74.282.985.167.6**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts13.012.815.012.2**
Consumer goods88.691.996.677.7**
Five Major Suppliers based on 2013 Imports (Share of Total Imports)
United States49.6%50.6%52.1%54.4%**
China, People's Republic10.8%11.0%11.1%11.2%**

Notes: ($B) = Billions of Canadian Dollars
Source: Statistics Canada-CANSIM
Revised: December 15, 2014

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.bpe@international.gc.ca