Quarterly Economic Indicators

Pocket-sized fact sheet on Canadian quarterly economic indicators

Excel version (83 KB)

Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators at a Glance
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Gross Domestic Product (Current $) ($B)1,760.01,820.01,881.21,937.3*
Real GDP Growth2.5%1.7%2.0%1.2%*
GDP Per Capita$51,248$52,367$53,507$54,812 
Exports of Goods & Services as % of GDP30.7%30.0%30.1%31.0% 
Imports of Goods & Services as % of GDP32.0%32.0%31.8%31.9% 
Terms of Trade (2007 = 100.0) Index99.698.598.499.7 
Federal Government Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-30.0-17.9-13.8-7.7 
CPI - Rate of Inflation - year-over-year2.9%1.5%0.9%0.7%**
Unemployment Rate7.4%7.2%7.1%7.0% 
Employment Growth - year-over-year1.6%1.2%1.3%0.8% 
Population (Millions)34.34334.75435.15835.345 
Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Investment, Net Flows ($B)
Foreign direct investment in Canada, net flows39.343.069.413.9 
Canadian direct investment abroad, net flows51.655.447.08.2 
Investment (Stocks) Position at the End of Period ($B)
Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment in Canada603.5626.8686.3n.a.**
Cumulative Canadian Direct Investment Abroad675.0712.6779.3n.a.**
Balance of Payments, Current Account ($B)
Exports of Goods & Services540.7546.6565.9149.9 
Imports of Goods & Services562.5582.8597.6154.6 
Trade Balance on Goods & Services-21.9-36.2-31.7-4.7 
Balance on Current Account-48.5-62.2-60.3-12.4 
Travel ($B)
Total Receipts from Travel16.617.418.24.6 
Total Payments for Travel33. 
Selected Components of GDP ($B)
Wages, Salaries & Supplementary Labour Income883.8923.4957.2981.3*
Corporate Profits Before Taxes497.8501.5511.9535.8*
Federal Government Expenditures275.2271.2275.7280.4*
Provincial Government Expenditures400.5409.6421.9429.4*
Business Investment Fixed Capital334.2359.7365.9370.1*
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.6%1.6%1.8%1.7% 
Mining and oil and gas extraction8.1%8.0%8.1%8.4$ 
Construction and utilities9.5%9.7%9.6%9.5% 
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and storage15.0%15.0%15.0%15.1% 
Finance, insurance and real estate services19.0%19.1%19.3%19.4% 
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.1%4.1%4.0%4.0% 
Professional, administrative and hospitality services10.6%10.6%10.6%10.5% 
Education, health, social and government services21.3%21.2%21.0%20.9% 
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)
(GERD) as % of GDP1.70%1.65%1.62%n.a.
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates:
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25% 
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar1.0111.0000.9710.922 
Pound Sterling0.6300.6310.6210.561 
Australian dollar0.9800.9661.0031.020 
Mexican peso12.5413.1512.3912.13 
Pocket Facts: Canadian Foreign Trade (Customs Basis)
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Total Merchandise Exports ($B)446.7454.8472.0123.3**
Total Merchandise Imports ($B)446.7462.0475.6119.5**
Merchandise Exports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products24.327.528.17.0**
Energy products105.1108.0115.534.5**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals20.419.018.43.9**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products58.652.853.013.5**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products34.932.234.18.6**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials30.730.834.08.5**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts23.124.424.36.2**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts20.620.319.94.9**
Motor vehicles and parts57.065.865.515.8**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts14.115.415.64.1**
Consumer goods46.546.450.312.8**
Five Major Export Markets based on 2013 Exports (Share of Total Exports)
United States73.6%74.5%75.9%77.4%**
China, People's Republic3.8%4.3%4.3%3.7%**
United Kingdom4.2%4.1%3.0%2.7%**
Merchandise Imports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products12.112.313.23.8**
Energy products47.544.744.411.5**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals10.710.211.62.6**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products42.841.838.19.5**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products36.038.140.910.7**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials18.620.521.15.3**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts42.545.345.511.9**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts55.355.656.713.5**
Motor vehicles and parts74.282.985.120.9**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts13.012.815.03.9**
Consumer goods88.691.996.724.0**
Five Major Suppliers based on 2013 Imports (Share of Total Imports)
United States49.6%50.6%52.1%54.5%**
China, People's Republic10.8%11.0%11.1%10.8%**

Notes: ($B) = Billions of Canadian Dollars
Source: Statistics Canada-CANSIM
Revised: May 29, 2014

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.bpe@international.gc.ca