Quarterly Economic Indicators

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Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators at a Glance
 20102011201220132014Q3/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Gross Domestic Product (Current $) ($B)1,662.11,769.91,822.81,892.21,973.01,996.5*
Real GDP Growth3.1%3.1%1.7%2.2%2.5%2.3%*
GDP Per Capita48,87951,53752,45353,82455,51055,688 
Exports of Goods & Services as % of GDP29.1%30.6%30.2%30.3%31.7%31.9% 
Imports of Goods & Services as % of GDP31.0%31.8%32.2%31.9%32.6%34.1% 
Terms of Trade (2007 = 100.0) Index97.299.698.398.397.590.9 
Federal Government Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-45.3-25.9-19.1-12.2-2.0-10.7 
CPI - Rate of Inflation - year-over-year1.8%2.9%1.5%0.9%2.0%1.2%**
Unemployment Rate8.1%7.5%7.3%7.1%6.9%7.7% 
Employment Growth - year-over-year1.4%1.5%1.3%1.5%0.6%1.0% 
Population (Millions)34.00534.34334.75135.15535.54435.852 
Pocket Facts: Canada - Economic Indicators
 20102011201220132014Q3/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Investment, Net Flows ($B)
Foreign direct investment in Canada, net flows29.339.339.272.763.412.8 
Canadian direct investment abroad, net flows-35.8-51.6-53.9-52.0-63.0-2.1 
Investment (Stocks) Position at the End of Period ($B)
Cumulative Foreign Direct Investment in Canada592.4603.5633.8691.9732.31,027.5**
Cumulative Canadian Direct Investment Abroad637.3675.0704.3761.6828.8900.6**
Balance of Payments, Current Account ($B)
Exports of Goods & Services483.2541.0553.1571.8624.3159.4 
Goods404.0456.6463.1479.3529.0134.2 
Services79.284.490.092.595.425.2 
Imports of Goods & Services514.8562.2587.0602.0642.3170.1 
Goods413.7456.0474.3486.5524.0139.3 
Services101.1106.2112.7115.5118.430.8 
Trade Balance on Goods & Services-31.6-21.2-33.8-30.2-18.0-10.7 
Goods-9.70.6-11.2-7.25.0-5.1 
Services-21.9-21.8-22.7-23.0-23.0-5.6 
Balance on Current Account-58.4-47.2-59.9-56.3-41.5-16.2 
Travel ($B)
Total Receipts from Travel16.316.617.418.219.35.3 
Total Payments for Travel30.633.035.036.237.49.3 
Selected Components of GDP ($B)
Wages, Salaries & Supplementary Labour Income837.7883.0923.4962.1998.61,023.4*
Corporate Profits Before Taxes449.2497.6496.0511.5543.1518.0*
Federal Government Expenditures275.1271.6271.5275.1276.3289.2*
Provincial Government Expenditures386.3394.9405.0417.4425.4429.2*
Business Investment Fixed Capital308.2338.2368.7376.9390.0386.8*
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.5%1.5%1.5%1.7%1.5%1.5% 
Mining and oil and gas extraction8.0%8.3%8.0%8.1%8.5%8.0% 
Construction and utilities9.6%9.7%10.0%10.0%9.9%9.6% 
Manufacturing10.8%10.9%10.8%10.6%10.6%10.6% 
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and storage14.9%15.1%15.0%15.0%15.3%15.5% 
Finance, insurance and real estate services18.9%18.9%19.0%19.2%19.4%20.0% 
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.1%4.0%4.0%3.9%3.8%3.8% 
Professional, administrative and hospitality services10.7%10.7%10.8%10.8%10.8%10.8% 
Education, health, social and government services21.4%21.1%20.9%20.6%20.3%20.4% 
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)30.631.832.732.031.8n.a. 
(GERD) as % of GDP1.84%1.80%1.79%1.69%1.61%n.a. 
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
Canada2.60%3.00%3.00%3.00%3.00%2.70% 
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25% 
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.9711.0111.0000.9710.9050.764 
Pound Sterling0.6280.6300.6310.6210.5500.493 
Chinese renminbi6.5756.5326.3135.9705.5774.818 
Mexican peso12.25912.53813.15412.38712.04212.559 
Japanese Yen85.03480.51579.74594.60795.60293.246 
Euro0.7320.7260.7780.7310.6820.687 
Pocket Facts: Canadian Foreign Trade (Customs Basis)
 20102011201220132014Q3/15Comment
* Seasonally adjusted at annual rate
** Not seasonally adjusted
Total Merchandise Exports ($B)398.9446.7455.2471.9525.0389.7**
Total Merchandise Imports ($B)403.7446.7462.1475.6512.1401.6**
Merchandise Exports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products20.524.327.528.131.223.5**
Energy products86.7105.1108.1115.5134.773.7**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals15.920.419.018.419.114.5**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products50.058.652.853.056.843.1**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products29.834.932.434.234.726.5**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials29.830.730.834.037.230.1**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts20.323.124.424.226.421.5**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts20.120.620.319.921.217.6**
Motor vehicles and parts55.057.065.865.571.459.2**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts14.514.115.415.619.315.6**
Consumer goods45.346.546.450.256.749.0**
Five Major Export Markets based on 2014 Exports (Share of Total Exports)
United States74.9%73.6%74.5%75.9%76.8%77.2%**
China, P. Rep.3.3%3.8%4.3%4.3%3.7%3.8%**
United Kingdom4.1%4.2%4.1%3.0%2.9%3.0%**
Japan2.3%2.4%2.3%2.3%2.0%1.8%**
Mexico1.3%1.2%1.2%1.1%1.0%1.2%**
Merchandise Imports ($B)
Farm, fishing and intermediate food products11.112.112.313.215.112.3**
Energy products37.647.544.744.444.325.0**
Metal ores and non-metallic minerals9.110.710.211.611.07.9**
Metal and non-metallic mineral products36.042.841.838.142.833.1**
Basic and industrial chemical, plastic and rubber products30.836.038.140.944.934.0**
Forestry products and building and packaging materials17.518.620.521.122.918.8**
Industrial machinery, equipment and parts36.142.545.345.551.040.9**
Electronic and electrical equipment and parts51.255.355.756.758.846.2**
Motor vehicles and parts71.774.282.985.190.575.3**
Aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts12.213.012.815.017.115.1**
Consumer goods85.488.691.996.6105.486.7**
Five Major Suppliers based on 2014 Imports (Share of Total Imports)
United States50.4%49.6%50.6%52.1%54.3%53.4%**
China, P. Rep.11.0%10.8%11.0%11.1%11.5%12.1%**
Mexico5.5%5.5%5.5%5.6%5.6%5.7%**
Germany2.8%2.9%3.1%3.2%3.1%3.2%**
Japan3.3%2.9%3.3%2.9%2.6%2.8%**

Notes: ($B) = Billions of Canadian Dollars
Source: Statistics Canada-CANSIM
Revised: 10 Dec. 2015

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.bea@international.gc.ca