Annual Economic Indicators

December, 2016

Data on key indicators of the Canadian Economy

Global Affairs Canada
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.bea@international.gc.ca

Canada - Economic Indicators 2011-2015
 20112012201320142015
Source: Statistics Canada, Bank of Canada.
Gross Domestic Product (Current $B)1,769.91,822.81,897.51,983.1 1,986,2
GDP Per Capita ($)51,53752,45453,97555,972 55,405
Real GDP (chained 2007 $B)1,639.91,668.51,709.81,753.7 1,770.2
Real GDP Growth3.1%1.7%2.5%2.6% 0.9%
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors (2007 chained $)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.5%1.5%1.8%1.6% 1.7%
Mining and oil and gas extraction8.3%8.0%8.2%8.5% 8.2%
Construction and utilities9.7%10.0%10.1%10.0% 9.5%
Manufacturing10.9%10.8%10.5%10.5% 10.5%
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and warehousing15.1%15.0%15.3%15.5% 15.6%
Finance, insurance and real estate services18.9%19.0%19.2%19.2% 19.8%
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.0%4.0%3.8%3.8% 3.8%
Professional services, restaurants and hotels10.7%10.8%10.8%10.8% 10.8%
Education, health, social and government services21.1%20.9%20.5%20.2% 20.2%
Trade
Terms of Trade (2007=100.0) (Index)99.698.398.297.5 91.7
Exports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP30.6%30.2%30.2%31.6% 31.6%
Imports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP31.8%32.2%31.8%32.6% 34.0%
Federal Government
Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-25.9-19.1-12.2-2.0 -5.4
CPI - Rate of Inflation2.9%1.5%0.9%2.0% 1.1%
Unemployment Rate7.5%7.3%7.1%6.9% 6.9%
Population (Million)34.334.835.235.5 35.9
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)31.832.732.031.8 31.6
(GERD) as % of GDP1.80%1.79%1.69%1.61% 1.59%
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
Canada3.00%3.00%3.00%3.00% 2.78%
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25% 3.27%
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar1.011.000.970.91 0.78
Pound Sterling0.630.630.620.55 0.51
Chinese renminbi6.536.315.975.58 4.92
Mexican peso12.5413.1512.3912.04 12.40
Japanese Yen80.5279.7494.6195.60 94.70
Euro0.730.780.730.68 0.71