Annual Economic Indicators

Data on key indicators of the Canadian Economy

Excel version (89 KB)

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)
Enquiries: tradestats.cea@international.gc.ca

Next revision: February 2015

Canada - Economic Indicators 2010-2013
 2010201120122013
Gross Domestic Product (Current $B)1,662.81,760.01,820.01,881.2
GDP Per Capita ($)48,89751,24852,36753,507
Real GDP (chained 2007 $B)1,593.41,633.61,661.61,695.2
Real GDP Growth3.4%2.5%1.7%2.0%
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors (2007 chained $)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.6%1.6%1.6%1.8%
Mining and oil and gas extraction7.9%8.1%8.0%8.1%
Construction and utilities9.4%9.5%9.7%9.6%
Manufacturing10.8%10.9%10.8%10,6%
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and warehousing14.9%15.0%15.0%15,0%
Finance, insurance and real estate services18.9%19.0%19.1%19.3%
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.2%4.1%4.1%4.0%
Professional services, restaurants and hotels10.7%10.6%10.6%10,6%
Education, health, social and government services21.6%21.3%21.2%21.0%
Trade
Terms of Trade (2007=100.0) (Index)97.299.498.598.4
Exports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP29.1%30.7%30.0%30.1%
Imports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP31.0%32.0%32.0%31.8%
Federal Government
Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-39.0-30.0-17.9-13.8
CPI - Rate of Inflation1.8%2.9%1.5%0.9%
Unemployment Rate8.0%7.4%7.2%7.1%
Population (Million)34.034.334.835.2
Immigration (Persons)280,682248,746257,892n.a.
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)30.030.030.030.4
(GERD) as % of GDP1.81%1.70%1.65%1.62%
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
Canada2.60%3.00%3.00%3.00%
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.971.011.000.97
Pound Sterling0.630.630.630.62
Australian dollar1.060.980.971.00
Mexican peso12.2612.5413.1512.39
Yen85.0380.5279.7494.61
Euro0.730.730.780.73
Canada - Economic Indicators 2000-2009
 2000200120022003200420052006200720082009
Gross Domestic Product (Current $B)1,098.51,135.11,181.11,243.91,324.61,410.71,486.91,565.91,646.01,567.0
GDP Per Capita ($)35,79736,59337,67139,31341,47143,75345,65247,61349,50946,597
Real GDP (chained 2007 $B)1,316.51,339.51,377.31,404.71,449.31,495.91,535.11,565.91,584.31,541.3
Real GDP Growth5.1%1.7%2.8%2.0%3.2%3.2%2.6%2.0%1.2%-2.7%
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors (2007 chained $)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting2.6%2.4%2.2%2.3%2.5%2.5%2.3%2.3%2.4%1.6%
Mining and oil and gas extraction5.0%4.9%5.0%5.0%4.9%4.8%4.8%4.7%4.6%7.5%
Construction and utilities7.9%8.0%8.1%8.1%8.2%8.4%8.4%8.5%8.8%9.2%
Manufacturing18.4%17.4%17.1%16.6%16.4%16.2%15.6%14.9%14.0%10.7%
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and warehousing15.0%15.3%15.3%15.4%15.5%15.9%16.2%16.4%16.3%14.7%
Finance, insurance and real estate services17.8%18.2%18.2%18.3%18.4%18.5%18.8%19.0%19.2%19.0%
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.3%4.5%4.5%4.5%4.6%4.5%4.6%4.6%4.6%4.2%
Professional services, restaurants and hotels9.0%9.1%9.2%9.3%10.0%10.0%10.2%10.3%10.4%11.0%
Education, health, social and government services19.4%19.6%19.5%19.6%19.4%19.2%19.3%19.3%19.7%22.0%
Trade
Terms of Trade (2007=100.0) (Index)87.786.485.589.793.296.296.6100.0104.793.7
Exports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP44.4%42.2%40.3%37.0%37.5%37.0%35.5%34.3%34.5%28.4%
Imports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP38.8%36.5%36.0%33.2%33.1%33.1%32.8%32.2%32.7%29.9%
Federal Government
Balance (National Accounts) ($B)20.412.29.34.811.31.613.015.3-1.0-29.4
CPI - Rate of Inflation2.7%2.5%2.2%2.8%1.8%2.2%2.0%2.2%2.3%0.3%
Unemployment Rate6.8%7.2%7.7%7.6%7.2%6.8%6.3%6.0%6.1%8.3%
Population (Million)30.731.031.431.631.932.232.632.933.233.6
Immigration (Persons)227,429250,638229,049221,349235,824262,240251,644236,754247,247252,177
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)20.623.123.524.726.728.029.130.030.829.7
(GERD) as % of GDP1.87%2.04%1.99%1.98%2.01%1.99%1.96%1.92%1.87%1.89%
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
Canada7.27%5.81%4.21%4.69%4.00%4.42%5.81%6.10%4.73%2.40%
United States9.27%6.79%4.67%4.13%4.38%6.23%7.98%8.00%4.88%3.25%
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.670.650.640.710.770.830.880.930.940.88
Pound Sterling0.440.450.420.440.420.450.480.470.510.56
Australian dollar1.161.251.171.101.041.081.171.111.111.11
Mexican peso6.366.036.147.698.678.999.6110.1710.4311.84
Yen72.5778.4079.6682.7383.0990.62102.53109.6496.4381.97
Euro0.730.720.670.630.620.660.700.680.640.63
Canada - Economic Indicators 1990-1999
 1990199119921993199419951996199719981999
Gross Domestic Product (Current $B)690.8696.9713.4741.7786.7826.4855.0901.5936.81,002.0
GDP Per Capita ($)24,94824,85825,14525,85727,12828,20228,87430,14431,06732,958
Real GDP (chained 2007 $B)990.1969.1977.61,003.21,049.01,077.71,095.91,142.81,190.81,252.4
Real GDP Growth0.1%-2.1%0.9%2.6%4.6%2.7%1.7%4.3%4.2%5.2%
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors (2007 chained $)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and huntingn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.2.6%2.7%2.7%
Mining and oil and gas extractionn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.5.5%5.4%5.1%
Construction and utilitiesn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.8.4%8.2%8.0%
Manufacturingn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.17.0%17.2%17.6%
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and warehousingn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.14.7%14.9%14.9%
Finance, insurance and real estate servicesn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.18.4%18.2%18.1%
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreationn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.3.9%4.0%4.2%
Professional services, restaurants and hotelsn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.8.2%8.6%8.9%
Education, health, social and government servicesn.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.20.9%20.3%19.9%
Trade
Terms of Trade (2007=100.0) (Index)n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.86.182.784.0
Exports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP25.2%24.4%26.3%29.2%32.9%36.2%37.2%38.2%40.1%42.0%
Imports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP25.0%24.9%26.6%29.2%31.7%33.1%33.3%36.3%38.1%38.4%
Federal Government
Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-32.1-35.3-34.5-38.3-34.2-31.3-18.45.96.98.6
CPI - Rate of Inflation4.8%5.6%1.4%1.9%0.1%2.2%1.5%1.7%1.0%1.8%
Unemployment Rate8.1%10.3%11.2%11.4%10.4%9.5%9.6%9.1%8.3%7.6%
Population (Million)27.728.028.428.729.029.329.629.930.230.4
Immigration (Persons)216,424232,776254,856256,754224,395212,875226,061216,034174,184189,971
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)10.310.811.312.213.313.813.814.616.117.6
(GERD) as % of GDP1.49%1.54%1.59%1.64%1.70%1.66%1.62%1.62%1.72%1.76%
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
Canada14.06%9.94%7.48%5.94%6.77%8.63%6.20%4.91%6.66%6.42%
United States10.00%8.38%6.25%6.00%7.16%8.83%8.27%8.44%8.35%8.00%
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.860.870.830.780.730.730.730.720.670.67
Pound Sterling0.480.490.470.520.480.460.470.440.410.42
Australian dollar1.101.121.131.141.000.980.940.971.071.04
Mexican peson.a.n.a.n.a.0.002.464.635.575.726.146.43
Yen123.58117.32104.7185.8474.6868.0379.6887.3487.8076.28
Euron.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.n.a.0.63

Source: Statistics Canada, Bank of Canada.