Annual Economic Indicators

Data on key indicators of the Canadian Economy

Excel version (89 KB)

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
Office of the Chief Economist (BEA)


Canada - Economic Indicators 2010-2014
Gross Domestic Product (Current $B)1,662.81,770.01,831.21,893.81,974.8
GDP Per Capita ($)48,89751,54052,69453,87055,566
Real GDP (chained 2007 $B)1,593.41,640.51,672.11,705.61,747.2
Real GDP Growth3.4%3.0%1.9%2.0%2.4%
Contribution to Real GDP by Selected Sectors (2007 chained $)
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting1.6%1.6%1.6%1.8%1.6%
Mining and oil and gas extraction7.9%8.1%8.0%8.1%8.5%
Construction and utilities9.4%9.5%9.7%9.8%9.6%
Wholesale & retail trade, transportation and warehousing14.9%15.1%15.0%15.0%15.2%
Finance, insurance and real estate services18.9%19.0%19.1%19.3%19.4%
Information, culture, arts, entertainment and recreation4.2%4.1%4.0%4.0%3.9%
Professional services, restaurants and hotels10.7%10.7%10.7%10.7%10.6%
Education, health, social and government services21.6%21.3%21.1%20.9%20.7%
Terms of Trade (2007=100.0) (Index)97.299.698.498.597.5
Exports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP29.1%30.6%30.2%30.2%31.6%
Imports of Goods & Services as percent of GDP31.0%31.8%32.1%31.8%32.5%
Federal Government
Balance (National Accounts) ($B)-39.0-31.1-17.4-12.7-4.4
CPI - Rate of Inflation1.8%2.9%1.5%0.9%2.0%
Unemployment Rate8.0%7.5%7.3%7.1%6.9%
Population (Million)34.034.334.835.235.5
Research and Development
Gross Expenditures on R&D (GERD) ($B)30.631.531.330.730.6
(GERD) as % of GDP1.84%1.78%1.71%1.62%1.55%
Annual Average Interest Rates - Banks Prime rates
United States3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%3.25%
Annual Average Exchange Rates: 1 Cdn $ in
U.S. Dollar0.971.011.000.970.91
Pound Sterling0.630.630.630.620.55
Chinese renminbi6.576.536.315.975.58
Mexican peso12.2612.5413.1512.3912.04
Japanese Yen85.0380.5279.7494.6195.60

Source: Statistics Canada, Bank of Canada.