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International Education: A Key Driver of Canada’s Future Prosperity

Executive Summary|Table of Contents|Chapter: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Endnotes

1. Government of Canada, Mobilizing Science and Technology to Canada’s Advantage: Progress Report, 2009, p. 26

2. Science, Technology and Innovation Council, State of the Nation 2010, 2011, p. 66

3. Ibid, p. 62

4. Ibid, p. 59

5. Ibid, p. 67

6. Independent Panel on Federal Support to Research and Development, Innovation Canada: A Call to Action, 2011, p. 2–15

7. V. Wadhwa et al., America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part 1, 2007, p. 35

8. Ibid, p. 35

9. V. Wadhwa et al., Education, Entrepreneurship and Immigration: America’s New Immigrant Entrepreneurs, Part II, 2007, p. 8

10. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, AUCC report on the educational programs and services offered by Canadian higher education institutions abroad to students residing outside of Canada, 2009

11. Association of Canadian Community Colleges, Internationalizing Canadian Colleges and Institutes: The First National Report on International Education and Mobility, 2010

12. Canadian Chamber of Commerce, Downturn, Recovery and the Future Evolution of the Labour Market, 2010, p. 12

13. Citizenship and Immigration Canada, Annual Report to Parliament on Immigration, 2011, p. 16

14. The Gandalf Group, The 26th Quarterly C-Suite Survey: Federal Budget, Spending Cuts, Pensions, and the Labour Market, 2012

15. Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, Looking Ahead: A 10-Year Outlook for the Canadian Labour Market (2008–2017), 2008

16. UNESCO Institute for Statistics, Global Education Digest 2009: Comparing Education Statistics Across the World, 2009, p. 45

17. B.C. International Education Strategy: www.bcjobsplan.ca/ourprogress/international-education

18. Government of Saskatchewan, “Province increases opportunities for international education,” April 29, 2010

19. The University of British Columbia, “UBC scholarships for international students”

20. University of Waterloo, “About UW UAE”

21. Centennial College, “About the International Centre”

22. OECD, Education at a Glance 2011, 2011, p. 318

23. OECD, Higher Education to 2030. Volume 2, 2010, p. 81

24. OECD, Education at a Glance 2011, 2011, p. 321

25. Ibid, p. 322

26. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors 2011 Fast Facts,” 2011

27. EducationUSA, “About Us”

28. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Secretary Napolitano Announces Launch of Study in the States,” 2011

29. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “DHS Reforms to Attract and Retain Highly Skilled Immigrants,” 2012

30. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Secretary Napolitano Announces Academic Advisory Council,“ 2012

31. U.S. Department of State, “Fulbright International Educational Exchange Program: Funding and Administration”

32. U.S. Department of State, “The Fulbright Program”

33. DTZ, Prime Minister’s Initiative for International Education Phase 2 (PMI2) Final Evaluation Report, 2011

34. Higher Education Statistics Agency, “Non-UK domicile students,” 2012

35. U.K. Border Agency, “Government outlines overhaul of student visas,” 2011

36. U.K. Border Agency, “New rules to welcome the best and brightest while tackling abuse,” 2012

37. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2006”

38. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2009”

39. International Education Advisory Council, Discussion Paper for the Development of an International Education Strategy for Australia, 2012

40. Australian Education International, “New Council to advise on future of international education,” 2011

41. Austrade, “Australian Government Agency Responsibilities For International Education, 1 July 2010”

42. International Education Advisory Council, Discussion Paper for the Development of an International Education Strategy for Australia, 2012

43. Australia, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Portfolio Budget Statements 2012–13—Foreign Affairs and Trade Portfolio, 2012, p. 67

44. Australia, Australia Awards 2010 Update, 2010, p. 12

45. Germany, Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Internationalization of Higher Education—Foreign Students in Germany—German Students Abroad, 2010

46. Illuminate Consulting Group, Best Practices on Managing the Delivery of Canadian Education Marketing, 2009, p. 57

47. Ibid, p. 13

48. Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (DAAD), 2010 Annual Report, 2010, p. 16

49. Institute of International Education, International Education: A Global Economic Engine, 2012, p. 63

50. Ibid, p. 13




51. Ibid, p. 15

52. CampusFrance, Les étudiants internationaux : Chiffres clés CampusFrance 2011 (International students: key figures, CampusFrance 2011), 2011

53. CampusFrance, “Campus France offices around the world”

54. France, Ministère des Affaires étrangères et Européennes, Receiving Foreign Students in France, 2010, p. 3

55. Ibid, p. 5

56. CampusFrance, Les étudiants internationaux: Chiffres clés CampusFrance 2011, 2011

57. CampusFrance, Choose France, 2012, p. 5

58. Institute of International Education, International Education: A Global Economic Engine, 2012, p. 60

59. Ibid, p. 61

60. New Zealand, Leadership Statement for International Education, 2011, p. 7

61. Ibid, p. 13

62. International Education Advisory Council, Discussion Paper for the Development of an International Education Strategy for Australia, 2012, p. 8

63. Malaysia, Performance Management and Delivery Unit (Pemandu), Economic Transformation Programme Annual Report 2011, 2011

64. Ibid, p. 175

65. Ibid

66. Illuminate Consulting Group, Canada’s Capacity for International Student Enrollment, 2011, p. 15

67. Ibid, p. 29

68. Ibid, p. 8

69. Ibid, p. 35

70. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Internationalizing Canadian campuses: Main themes emerging from the 2007 Scotiabank-AUCC workshop on excellence in internationalization at Canadian universities, 2007, p. 1

71. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Cardinal Points: How North-South Partnerships Support Internationalization Strategies, 2010

72. Sheila Embleton et al., Canada’s International Education Strategy: Focus on Scholarships, 2011, p. 6

73. Canada Research Chairs, “Program Statistics,” 2012

74. U.S. Department of State, “The Fulbright Program”

75. Foreign and Commonwealth Office, “Chevening: facts and figures,” 2012

76. U.K.-India Education and Research Initiative, “Programme Background”

77. U.K.-India Education and Research Initiative, “UKIERI Brochure”

78. Ibid

79. OECD, Education at a Glance 2011, 2011, p. 322

80. Citizenship and Immigration Canada, “Facts and Figures 2011: Preliminary tables—Foreign students present on December 1st by province or territory and urban area, 2007–2011”, 2012

81. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2011”, 2011

82. Higher Education Statistics Agency, “Non-UK domicile students”, 2012

83. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

84. Based on CIC figure for international students in 2010 of 218,112

85. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2011”, 2011

86. Higher Education Statistics Agency, “Non-UK domicile students”, 2012

87 Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

88. Based on Australian Education International figure for international students in 2006 of 383,818

89. Based on HESA figure for Non-UK domicile higher education students in 2005/06 of 330,080

90. Based on IIE figure for international students in 2005/06 of 564,766

91. Illuminate Consulting Group, Canada’s Capacity for International Student Enrollment, 2011, p. 15

92. Ibid, p. 106.

93. Ibid, p. 106

94. Higher Education Statistics Agency, “Non-UK domicile students”, 2011

95. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

96. See also Canada’s Capacity for International Student Enrollment, p. 113

97. Citizenship and Immigration Canada, “Facts and Figures 2010: Preliminary tables - total entries of foreign students by province or territory and urban area, 2007–2011”, 2012

98. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2011”, 2011

99. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

100. Based on CIC figure for entries in 2010 of 95,236




101. Austrade, “International Student Data for 2011”, 2011

102. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

103. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Canadian universities and international student mobility, 2007

104. Australian Universities International Directors’ Forum, “2011 Research Agenda”, 2011

105. Higher Education Funding Council for England, International student mobility literature review: Final report, 2010

106. Institute of International Education, “Open Doors Fast Facts 2011”, 2011

107. Roslyn Kunin & Associates, Inc., Economic Impact of International Education in Canada—An Update, 2011

108. Australian Education International, “Export Income to Australia from Education Services in 2010–11”, 2011

109. london Economics, Estimating the Value to the UK of Education Exports, 2011

110. NAFSA, “The Economic Benefits of International Education to the United States for the 2010–2011 Academic Year: A Statistical Analysis”

111. Australian Department of Citizenship and Immigration, “Student Visa Charges”

112. UK Border Agency, “Application fees”

113. US Department of State, “Student Visas”

114. Austrade, “Australian Government Agency Responsibilities for International Education, 1 July 2010”, 2010

115. Ibid

116. Institute of International Education, International Education: A Global Economic Engine, 2012

117. U.S. Department of State, “EducationUSA”

118. Australia, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2009–10—Foreign Affairs and Trade Portfolio, 2009, p. 53

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Date Modified:
2012-08-16