MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY CONCERNING YOUTH EXCHANGES
THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA and THE GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY (hereinafter referred to as "the Participants"),
IN A SPIRIT of promoting close cooperative relations between Canada and Norway;
WISHING to encourage exchanges, cooperation and partnership between the two countries and to enhance the excellence and competitiveness of educational institutions and of businesses, particularly small and medium-sized businesses, in the two countries;
WISHING to increase opportunities for their young nationals to acquire university or college education, employment experience or practical workplace experience, and to improve their knowledge of the other country's languages, culture, and society and thereby promote mutual understanding between the two countries;
CONVINCED of the value of facilitating such youth exchanges;
HAVE REACHED THE FOLLOWING UNDERSTANDING:
The two Participants have decided to simplify the administrative procedures that apply when their young nationals wish to enter and stay in the other country to obtain university or college education, employment experience or practical workplace experience and to improve their knowledge of the other country's language, culture and society.
2) ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO YOUTH UNDER THIS MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
- To be eligible for consideration for participation under this Memorandum of Understanding youth will need to meet one of the following requirements:
- be young university or college graduates who wish to obtain further training under a contract of employment and to increase their knowledge of the other country's languages, society and culture;
- be university or college students who wish to complete part of their curriculum in an institution in the other country as part of an inter institutional work-study agreement;
- be young people who wish to complete an internship under a contract of employment in a business in the other country as part of their studies or training;
- be university or college students who wish to engage in an occupation during their academic vacation or;
- be young people who wish to stay in the other country for tourism and cultural discovery while being authorized to work on an occasional basis in order to supplement their financial resources.
3) CRITERIA GUIDING ADMISSIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
- Young people who fall under one of the categories referred to in Paragraph 2 subparagraphs a) (i) to (v) and who have applied to the other State's diplomatic or consular mission located in the territory of the State of which they are nationals, will be eligible to benefit from this Memorandum of Understanding provided they meet the following requirements:
- meet admissibility and other requirements of Canadian and Norwegian immigration legislation and policy, to the extent not already set out in subparagraphs (ii) to (ix) below;
- be between the ages of 18 and 35 on the date the application is made;
- be a Canadian or Norwegian citizen holding a valid Canadian or Norwegian passport and a return ticket;
- reside in Canada or in Norway;
- have the financial resources necessary to support themselves at the beginning of their stay;
- pay the current application or participation fee;
- have taken out comprehensive insurance coverage that is valid for the duration of their stay, and, if they cannot qualify for the social welfare system of the host country, prove that they have insurance for health care, including hospitalization and repatriation, for the duration of their stay;
- while in Canada participating nationals of Norway will purchase additional work insurance coverage when required; and
- as the case may be:
- provide documentation proving that they are pre-registered or registered in an educational institution;
- show that they have obtained either a job under a contract of employment or a work placement under a work placement agreement if the placement is in a business;
- confirm if the stay is for tourism and cultural discovery, that they intend to vacation in the other country, on an individual basis, with the possibility of holding paid employment to supplement their financial resources.
- Youth may be allowed to benefit from the application of this Memorandum of Understanding twice under two different categories referred to in Paragraph 2. Each stay may not exceed 12 months. The stays will be discontinuous and the duration of each stay will not exceed the period of the given permit.
4) REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO APPROPRIATE DOCUMENTS FOR ACCESS AND STAY
- Subject to public policy considerations, each Participant will issue to the other State's eligible nationals a document granting access to its territory for a predetermined period of validity and stating the reason for the stay. For Canada this document will be a letter of introduction and for Norway it will be a work or residence permit referring to this Memorandum of Understanding.
- The access documents described in the preceding paragraph will be issued by the other State's diplomatic or consular mission located in the territory of the State of which the youth are nationals.
5) REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO WORK AUTHORIZATIONS
- Canadian nationals benefiting from the application of this Memorandum of Understanding and who intend to work in Norway will receive, without reference to the labour market situation, a work permit for the specified period of employment. That permit will be renewable, on the same terms and conditions, within the period of their authorized stay.
- Nationals of Norway who are issued a letter of introduction will receive, upon their arrival in Canada and without reference to the labour market situation, a work permit valid for the duration of their authorized stay.
6) VALIDITY OF DOCUMENTATION
Work permits issued by the Government of Canada pursuant to a letter of introduction will be valid throughout Canada; and permits referring to this Memorandum of Understanding and issued by the Government of Norway will be valid throughout Norway.
7) PARTICIPATING YOUTH OBLIGATIONS AND PRIVILEGES
- Nationals of either State staying in the other State under this Memorandum of Understanding will be required to obey the laws in force in the host state, particularly with regard to the practice of regulated professions.
- The laws and regulations of the host country relating to unemployment benefits, working conditions and wages will apply; in the case of Canada, the laws and regulations relating to working conditions and wages primarily fall within the competence of the provinces and territories.
8) FACILITATION OF THE PROGRAM
The Participants will encourage the relevant organizations in their respective countries to lend their support to the application of this Memorandum of Understanding, notably by giving each other's nationals appropriate advice so that they can obtain information and look for work placements or employment.
9) INDIVIDUAL FINANCIAL RESOURCES
The minimum amount of resources required under paragraph 3, sub paragraph a) section (v) will be established by mutual acceptance of the Participants.
10) SUSPENSION AND TERMINATION OF THE MEMORANDUM
- Either Participant may temporarily suspend this Memorandum of Understanding, in part or in whole, for reasons of public security, public order or immigration risk any suspension or termination and the dates of its effect will be done by giving the other Participant notice through diplomatic channels. The suspension or termination of the Memorandum of Understanding will not affect persons already admitted under the provisions of this Memorandum of Understanding.
- The Participants may amend this Memorandum of Understanding by mutual understanding.
- This Memorandum of Understanding will become effective on the date of its signature.
Signed in duplicate at Ottawa, this 30th day of October 2006, in the English, French and Norwegian languages, each version being equally valid.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF NORWAY