Canadian Recommendations - UPR 17

Advance UPR questions to China 

  1. In 2009 during its UPR, China accepted a number of important recommendations:
    1. China agreed to facilitate an early visit by the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. What are China's plans to welcome the High Commissioner?
    2. China agreed to adopt further measures to ensure universal access to health for rural communities. What steps is China planning to take to help achieve this important goal?
    3. China committed to ensuring that ethnic minorities are able to enjoy their full range of human rights. What are the plans of the Government of China to enable people living in China to fully realize their political, cultural, religious, economic and linguistic rights?
  2. What actions are being considered by China in Xinjiang and the Tibet Autonomous Region to enable all people to peacefully exercise their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly, and religion and belief?
  3. Is China willing to extend an invitation for a visit by the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief? Are there plans underway to end criminal prosecutions and persecution of individuals and groups for the peaceful practice of their religion? 
  4. Canada welcomes China's announcement in early 2013 that it is considering dismantling the Re-education Through Labour (RTL) program. What concrete steps have been taken thus far to achieve this aim? To what extent is China also considering abolishing other forms of administrative detention?
  5. Canada has concerns about the sex ratio imbalance in China, especially given the many negative impacts that can occur when large numbers of girls and women are missing from the population. Could China provide an update on current measures to address the imbalance in its population ratio?
  6. We appreciate China's commitment of ending the practice of harvesting organs from prisoners and support the implementation of "The China Organ Transplant response system." What steps is China taking to ensure that informed consent is obtained and the names and locations of donors are registered?
  7. What measures is China taking to ensure that allegations of violence and harassment against lawyers and individuals promoting respect for human rights are promptly investigated and perpetrators of such acts are held accountable?


Canada recommends that China: 

  • Take steps to ensure lawyers and individuals working to advance human rights can practice their profession freely, including by promptly investigating allegations of violence and intimidation impeding their work. 
  • Stop the prosecution and persecution of people for the practice of their religion or belief including Catholics, other Christians, Tibetans, Uyghurs, and Falun Gong, and set a date for the visit of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief. 
  • Release all people in administrative detention for political reasons including bishops, priests, artists, reporters, dissidents, people working to advance human rights, and their family members, and eliminate extra-judicial measures like forced disappearances. 
  • Accelerate reform of the administrative justice system so that all persons have access to legal procedures of appeal. 
  • Implement measures to address the sex ratio imbalance in its population given the harm that occurs when many women and girls are missing, and put in place safeguards that ensure policies related to the family are consent-based. 
  • Invite the UN Commission of Inquiry on North Korea to visit North-Eastern China to meet officials and North Korean citizens who have fled to China.