Canada supports transparency, efficiency, and sustainability in Haiti
Approved in January 2011, the Haiti-Canada Municipal Cooperation Project expired at the end of 2013. Its objective was to help rebuild Haiti by restoring the basic institutional capacities of five Haitian territorial communities (Port-au-Prince and the municipalities of Gressier, Léogâne, Grand-Goâve, and Petit-Goâve in the Palmes region), three national federations of local elected officials, and the Ministry of the Interior and Territorial Communities (MICT).
The objectives of this initiative (Haiti-Canada Municipal Cooperation Project Phase 2 (MCP2)) are to make the project's partner federations and communities more autonomous, effective and transparent; to improve service delivery to citizens; and to promote local development and sustainable economic growth—one of the best ways of reducing poverty.
To finish the work started in the first phase of the MCP and address the challenges that are still present, the proposed priorities for MCP2 are to:
- continue to strengthen municipal governments with respect to, among other things, the planning and coordination of local development;
- strengthen the financial sustainability of partners, with particular emphasis on the collection of their own source revenue;
- support municipal initiatives that benefit citizens and small businesses, such as road improvement, water and sanitation, electrification, and waste management, making places in these communities attractive and stimulating local economic growth; and
- continue to support the MICT in its progress toward decentralization.
The duration of the MCP2 is five years and has a total budget of $21.4 million, which includes a $19.1-million contribution from Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD) and a $2.3-million contribution from the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, City of Montréal, and Union des municipalités du Québec. Haitian partners are also committed to gradually taking over some costs of the MCP2 starting in the third year of the project.
These objectives are in line with the Haitian government's strategic development framework, which aims to place municipalities at the centre of the country's economic growth.
For more information about DFATD projects in Haiti, visit the DFATD website at www.international.gc.ca.
Since 2006, the Canadian government's development and humanitarian assistance to Haiti has reached more than $1.4 billion. Over three fiscal years (2009–2010 through 2011–2012), Haiti was the largest recipient of Canada's aid.
In the days following the January 12, 2010, earthquake, the Government of Canada provided $85 million for humanitarian assistance delivered by national and international humanitarian partners.
On April 6, 2010, Canada announced an additional $65.15 million for numerous humanitarian assistance programs, bringing the total to $150.15 million. Canada also helped cover the cost of Haiti's debt to the World Bank.
At the International Donors' Conference in New York in March 2010, Canada pledged $400 million over two years to support the Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti and toward funding the priorities of the Haitian government. Canada met its $400-million commitment in March 2012.
On March 31, 2010, Canada announced that individual Canadians donated $220 million to eligible Canadian charitable organizations in support of Haiti. This amount was matched dollar for dollar by the government through the Haiti Earthquake Relief Fund, and was entirely disbursed by March 31, 2013.
On January 13, 2014, Minister Paradis announced a $20-million project with the International Organization for Migration to help Haitian families resettle from internally displaced persons camps into safe permanent housing. This commitment builds on the successful Champ de Mars resettlement project, also funded by Canada, through which nearly 5,600 families (or some 20,000 people) were resettled.
Development program key results 2006–2013
In July 2007, Prime Minister Harper announced that "Canada is committed to playing a bigger role in the Americas." Three key objectives form the basis of Canada's engagement in the Americas: to promote basic democratic values, strengthen economic linkages, and meet new security challenges. Canada's international development efforts will also help reduce poverty and inequity in the region.
Since 2006, Canada's long-term development assistance and reconstruction support has contributed to the following results:
- 330,000 pregnant women had access to a health institution with the assistance of qualified personnel.
- The Haitian health system was strengthened to improve the quality of and access to care for 2.2 million Haitians in four provinces.
- A hot meal was provided every day throughout the school year to more than 1.5 million Haitian girls and boys, enabling them to attend school more regularly and to learn better.
- 440,000 Haitians were provided with access to credit and financial services, thereby stimulating small and medium-sized businesses.
- More than three million Haitians now have access to approximately 170 km of rehabilitated and reconstructed roads, thereby increasing economic opportunities and improving their quality of life.
- Approximately 90 percent of Haiti's adult population has been registered in Haiti's civil registry since 2008 (more than five million people), and they have received a secure national identification card, which is a critical document to obtain title to property, employment, access to banking services, government services, and to vote.
Canada is currently reviewing its long-term engagement strategy with Haiti to ensure concrete and sustainable results that will address the needs and priorities of the Haitian people while being fiscally responsible to Canadian taxpayers. Ways of fostering economic growth and job creation for Haitians, including partnerships with the private sector, will be explored. Ending poverty and advancing prosperity in Haiti are closely related.
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