This webpage, which supersedes the Department's Circular Note XDC-0543 of March 22, 2010, was created as a result of Canadian law.
Are children of foreign representatives, born in Canada, Canadian citizens, simply by birth?
When a child of a foreign representative is born in Canada, the mission or international organization is required to notify his/her name in writing to the Office of Protocol, along with a copy of the Live Statement of Birth or other relevant documentation. This should be done within thirty (30) days of the birth. It is not necessary to notify the birth when the father or mother is a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident of Canada at moment of birth as the child is himself or herself Canadian.
Missions and international organizations should also submit a request for the accreditation of the newborn as soon as possible, along with a copy of the Long Form Birth Certificate (Certified).
Why is it important to notify the birth so quickly?
The Department reminds Heads of Diplomatic Missions and Heads of International Organizations that, as citizenship is not accorded to children born in Canada covered by subsection 3(2) of the Citizenship Act, they and/or their accredited parents acting on their behalf must not apply for a Canadian Passport or a Canadian Citizenship Card. As such application may be regarded by the Department as misconduct, it is important that all foreign representatives be properly informed of the above prior to their posting or during their first installation in Canada.
What should a parent do if he/she obtained a Canadian passport for a child born in Canada who did not acquire Canadian citizenship?
Does a birth certificate confer the right of citizenship?
Can children born of foreign representatives be naturalized Canadian citizens?
The Office of Protocol is committed to providing excellent client support in the manner that is most convenient to diplomatic missions and international organizations, including in person.
For inquiries about Canada’s policy on the births in Canada of children born in Canada of foreign representatives, Diplomatic Missions and International Organizations can contact the Office of Protocol by way of: