The fight against discrimination is far from over. Internationally, the focus of Canadian efforts is on the development of effective, forward-looking strategies to fight discrimination and ensure that past injustices are not repeated. Canada places emphasis on its work at the United Nations while recognising the important role regional and independent national institutions can play. In addition, Canada works in partnership with civil society, national human rights institutions, and other individuals and organizations to find ways to combat discrimination.

On November 19, 2001, Nelson Mandela became an honorary citizen of Canada, in recognition of the unique role he played in bringing about the dissolution of the apartheid regime in South Africa. The global support for this struggle, and its successful, peaceful conclusion, have given much-needed encouragement to others who are working towards a world more tolerant of diversity.

Canada strongly advocates a strategy of prevention, which focusses on education and public awareness. An integral aspect of this strategy is a life-long learning approach which promotes acceptance and respect of diversity among all age groups.

Canada has played a leading role in the broadening of international discussions on discrimination to include discrimination based on gender, age, sexual orientation, disability, and barriers based on social or economic status. Canada also works to ensure due consideration is given to new challenges posed by the Internet.

Domestic law and policy related to discrimination in Canada is the responsibility of a number of different government departments.