Sanctions related to Myanmar were enacted under the Special Economic Measures Act to respond to the human rights and humanitarian situation in Myanmar. On December 13, 2007, the Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations came into force.
The measures implemented by the Regulations, as amended, include:
a freeze on assets in Canada of any designated Myanmar nationals connected with the Myanmar State, as well as prohibitions on several categories of transactions, services and dealings involving property of designated persons, wherever situated; and
an arms embargo, including prohibitions on exporting and importing arms and related material to and from Myanmar, on communicating technical data related to military activities or arms and related material, and on financial services related to military activities or arms and related material.
The Regulations provide for certain exclusions to the above measures, including:
some payments required under contracts entered into before a party was designated under the Regulations;
dealings related to humanitarian or development assistance;
dealings required to move financial assets away from designated persons; and
certain protective or non-lethal military clothing and equipment when intended for use by media, humanitarian, human rights or other listed personnel.
Permits and Certificates
A separate Special Economic Measures (Burma) Permit Authorization Order (SOR/2007-286), made pursuant to subsection 4(4) of the Special Economic Measures Act, authorizes the Minister of Foreign Affairs to issue to any person in Canada and any Canadian outside Canada a permit to carry out a specified activity or transaction, or any class of activity or transaction, that is restricted or prohibited pursuant to the Regulations.
On December 13, 2007, the Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations came into force in order to respond to the gravity of the human rights and humanitarian situation in Myanmar , which threatened peace and security in the entire region.
Positive developments since 2010 in Myanmar indicate a significant improvement in the democracy and human rights situation, in stark contrast with the situation in 2007. Hundreds of political prisoners have been released, the government has entered peace negotiations and signed ceasefires agreements with most of the ethnic armed groups in the country, Aung San Suu Kyi and other members of her opposition pro-democracy party have been elected to Parliament and overall basic freedoms have improved. However, some significant concerns remain, particularly with regard to remaining political prisoners and the ongoing conflict in Kachin state.
On April 24, 2012, Canada eased the sanctions regime taken against Myanmar under the Special Economic Measures Act following positive steps towards reform in Myanmar. The measures announced in a statement contribute to international efforts to recognize positive changes taking place in Myanmar, while continuing to pressure its government to make additional reforms.
The announced measures remove a number of prohibitions currently found in the Special Economic Measures (Burma) Regulations including: the prohibitions on import, export, investment, the docking and landing of ships and aircraft and the provision or acquisition of financial services. An arms embargo, covering the export of arms and related material to Myanmar as well as the providing of associated technical and financial assistance, and an assets freeze and dealings prohibition on designated persons remain in force.
Please be advised that Global Affairs Canada cannot provide legal advice to members of the public. For this reason, we cannot deliver an opinion as to whether or not a specific activity or transaction would contravene sanctions legislation. You should consider seeking legal advice in relation to an activity that may contravene a Canadian sanction law.