Democratic Republic of the Congo
On July 28, 2003, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1493 imposing sanctions against the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in response to continuing hostilities in the eastern part of the DRC which were threatening the peace process. The sanctions regime was subsequently modified and strengthened with the adoption of a number of resolutions, including Resolutions 1533 (2004), 1552 (2004) and 1596 (2005).
The United Nations Democratic Republic of the Congo Regulations, as amended, implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. Implementation of the travel ban imposed by Resolution 1596 (2005) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
Subject to certain exceptions, the measures imposed against the DRC include:
- a prohibition on the export of arms and related materiel to any person in the territory of the DRC;
- a prohibition on the provision, to any person in the DRC, of technical assistance related to military activities;
- an assets freeze against persons designated by the UN sanctions committee established to oversee the arms embargo (1533 Committee); and
- a travel ban against persons designated by the 1533 Committee.
Regulations made under the United Nations Act:
- Justice Canada consolidation of the United Nations Democratic Republic of the Congo Regulations
- Regulations Amending the United Nations Democratic Republic of the Congo Regulations (SOR/2005-306): entered into force on October 4, 2005 (see page 132 of the linked document)
- United Nations Democratic Republic of the Congo Regulations (SOR/2004-222): entered into force on October 19, 2004 (see page 34 of the linked document)
- United Nations Security Council 1533 Committee (information concerning the work of the Committee including related UN Security Council resolutions and a consolidated list of designated persons)
- DFATD Trade Controls & Technical Barriers Bureau
- DFATD Canada - Democratic Republic of the Congo Relations
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