On May 29, 2013, Minister Baird announced further additions to the sanctions against Iran under the Special Economic Measures Act (the SEMA), due to Iran’s failure to respond to the confidence-building measures proposed by the P5+1 group (the five permanent members of the UNSC + Germany ) in the Almaty, Kazakhstan talks in April 2013, and the resulting absence of progress with both the P5+1 and the IAEA.
The latest amendments impose a complete ban on imports from Iran and exports to Iran, subject to certain exemptions; add 82 new entities and 30 new individuals to the list of designated persons subject to a dealings prohibition; add an exemption aimed at increasing the availability of consumer communication technologies that contribute to internet freedom; add an exemption for goods used to purify water for civilian and public health purposes, and for the provision of listed medical equipment; and expand the existing exemptions for the provision of legal services.
On July 26, 2010, Prime Minister Harper announced that Canada was imposing sanctions on Iran under the SEMA, in addition to existing sanctions passed under the United Nations Act. These new sanctions were imposed because Iran was violating its international obligations by ignoring successive UN Security Council resolutions to cooperate fully with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and suspend its enrichment-related activities. Therefore, in close consultation with like-minded partners, including the United States and the European Union, and building upon UN Resolution 1929, Canada implemented further sanctions against Iran under the SEMA.
On October 17, 2011, following reports of an Iranian-coordinated plot to assassinate the Saudi ambassador to the United States, Canada added the names of five members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, suspected of orchestrating the plot, to the list of designated persons.
On November 11, 2011, in response to the IAEA's November 9, 2011 assessment of Iran's nuclear program, Canada imposed further sanctions under the SEMA, which prohibited financial transactions with Iran; expanded the list of prohibited goods to include all goods used in the petrochemical, oil and gas industry in Iran; amended the list of prohibited goods to include additional items that could be used in Iran's nuclear program; and added new individuals and entities to the list of designated persons.
On January 31, 2012, Canada imposed further sanctions against Iran under the SEMA in order to maintain unity with the measures announced by the Foreign Ministers of the European Union member states. The measures added three new individuals and five additional entities of proliferation concern to the list of designated persons.
On December 11, 2012, further sanctions were introduced against Iran under the SEMA in response to Iran's continued lack of cooperation with the IAEA and the P5+1 group, and to maintain unity and consistency with the European Union and other countries. The new measures added 98 new entities and one individual to the list of designated persons. They also prohibited the export to Iran of different types of goods used in the shipbuilding, mineral exploration, mining, metal production, and telecommunications industries; vessels designed to transport or store crude oil or its products; hard currency totalling $40,000 or more in value; and new goods of proliferation concern. The expanded measures also prohibited the import of natural gas, oil, and petroleum or petrochemical products from Iran; the provision of marketing and other financial or related services in respect of certain prohibited goods; the provision of flagging or classification services to Iranian oil tankers or cargo vessels; and the provision of insurance and reinsurance to Iran or any entity in Iran. In order to relieve some of the pressure on ordinary Iranians, recent Iranian immigrants to Canada, and family members of persons in Iran, the Iran Regulations were also amended to allow all financial banking transactions of $40,000 and under between family members in Canada and family members in Iran.
Sanctions under the Special Economic Measures (Iran) Regulations prohibit all of the following:
The exemptions to the import and export ban include exemptions for personal or settlers' effects, informational materials, correspondence, and packages sent by mail for non-commercial reasons.
The exemptions to all prohibitions except for those involving dealings with designated persons include exemptions for equipment, services and software that facilitate secure and widespread communications via information technologies; goods used to purify water for civilian and public health purposes; and activities that have as their purpose, the safeguarding of human life, disaster relief, or the proivison of food, medicine and medical supplies as listed in Schedule 3. The exemptions apply to related financial services as well.
A separate Special Economic Measures (Iran) Permit Authorization Order, made pursuant to subsection 4(4) of the Special Economic Measures Act authorizes the Minister of Foreign Affairs to issue to any person in Canada or any Canadian outside Canada a permit to carry out a specified activity or transaction, or any class of activity or transaction, that is restricted or prohibited pursuant to the Regulations.
Since 2006, the United Nations Security Council has imposed four rounds of sanctions against Iran in response to its nuclear program. Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Security Council adopted resolutions 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010) imposing sanctions against Iran in response to the proliferation risks presented by Iran's nuclear program in light of Iran's continuing failure to meet the requirements of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and to comply with the provisions of earlier Security Council resolutions. These resolutions require Iran to fully cooperate with the IAEA and to suspend all uranium enrichment-related and reprocessing activities.
The Regulations Implementing the United Nations Resolutions on Iran, as amended, implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. Implementation of the travel bans imposed by resolutions 1803 (2008) and 1929 (2010) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
The measures imposed against Iran pursuant to United Nations Security Council resolutions include:
Canada also has certain policy measures in place with regard to Iran, outside the context of United Nations Security Council decisions. More information on these measures can be found at the following link: Canada-Iran Relations.
Regulations and Orders made under the Special Economic Measures Act:
Announcements related to the Regulations made under the Special Economic Measures Act:
Regulations made under the United Nations Act:
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