On August 11, 2011, Canada imposed sanctions against North Korea under the Special Economic Measures Act. These sanctions are in addition to existing sanctions passed under the United Nations Act. The Special Economic Measures (DPRK) Regulations came into force to reinforce the message to the North Korean government that its agressive actions, such as the sinking of the Cheonan, are unacceptable.
The Regulations provide for the following:
Some exceptions are available, including the following:
In addition, the Special Economic Measures (DPRK) Permit Authorization Order, made pursuant to subsection 4(4) of the Special Economic Measures Act authorizes the Minister of Foreign Affairs to issue to any person in Canada or any Canadian outside Canada a permit to carry out a specified activity or transaction, or any class of activity or transaction, that is restricted or prohibited pursuant to the Regulations.
On 14 October 2006, acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1718 (2006) imposing sanctions against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in response to a claim by North Korea that it conducted a test of a nuclear weapon on October 9, 2006. On June 12, 2009, the Security Council adopted Resolution 1874 (2009) modifying and strengthening the sanctions imposed against North Korea in 2006. Resolution 1874 (2009) was adopted in response to a nuclear test conducted by North Korea on May 25, 2009, which violated Resolution 1718 (2006), and missile activities that the Security Council deemed to be a clear threat to international peace and security.
The Regulations Implementing the United Nations Resolutions on the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), implement the decisions of the Security Council in Canadian domestic law. Implementation of the travel ban imposed by Resolution 1718 (2006) is ensured in Canada under existing provisions of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.
On July 16, 2009, the 1718 Committee designated five entities; determined additional goods; and designated five individuals to be subject to the measures imposed in paragraph 8 of Resolution 1718. See details in UN Security Council document S/2009/364 (PDF, 36 KB) *
The measures imposed against North Korea include:
Regulations and Orders made under the Special Economic Measures Act:
Regulations made under the United Nations Act:
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