START in Sudan and South Sudan
Canada is part of a concerted international effort to support a just and lasting peace in the Sudans. START contributions focus primarily on resolving the conflict in Darfur, addressing humanitarian and human rights concerns, and fostering the development of two viable states at peace internally and with each other.
Canada’s involvement in the Sudan and South Sudan has a strong emphasis placed on activities that:
- Increase effectiveness of United Nations (UN) peace operations in Sudan.
- Reduce loss of life amongst conflict-affected populations.
- Support the implementation of key Comprehensive Peace Agreement provisions.
- Facilitate North Sudan, South Sudan and Transitional Areas to be better able to peacefully address post-referenda arrangements.
- Contribute to a productive peace process in Darfur.
- Enable the Government of Southern Sudan, civil society and communities to be better able to address community-level security concerns.
Initiatives supported by START, through the Global Peace and Security Fund, include:
- Community Security and Arms Control, UNDP – This project supports arms control, arms recovery and the development of and support to relevant civil institutions and those involved in the rule of law.
- Capacity-Building for Land Conflict Management in Southern Sudan, United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN HABITAT) – The purpose of this project is to contribute to more effective management of land-related disputes and conflicts in Southern Sudan
- Constitutional Review Support to Southern Sudan Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development, International Development Law Organization (IDLO)– This project provides technical and legal assistance to the Ministry in developing a constitution for Southern Sudan, as well as in identifying areas of existing laws and policies that require review or modification.
Peace operations in the Sudans
Canada provides up to 50 Canadian Forces (CF) and up to 25 police personnel to peace operations in Sudan and South Sudan. There are three peace operations in the two countries, including the United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), and the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA).
UNAMID’s mandate includes protecting Darfuri civilians, contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying the implementation of peace agreements, and contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law. In addition to deploying peacekeepers to Darfur, Canada co-chairs the Friends of UNAMID group at the UN, which works to boost mission effectiveness and help UNAMID fulfill its mandate.
Created to coincide with the independence of South Sudan on July 9, 2011, UNMISS has a mandate focused on consolidating peace and security in the Republic of South Sudan through the promotion of democratic governance and the rule of law as well as the protection of civilians. The mission will include up to 7,000 military personnel, as well as up to 900 civilian police personnel, and a civilian component, including human rights experts.
UNISFA is mandated to provide security in the volatile region of Abyei, on the border between the Republic of Sudan and the new Republic of South Sudan. Canada welcomes this new mission and calls for both parties to work alongside this new mission to enhance security, humanitarian access, and the voluntary return of displaced persons to Abyei.
UNMISS and UNISFA are the successor missions to a previous UN peacekeeping mission (UNMIS) tasked with monitoring the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, to which Canada also made significant contributions.
Canada strongly supports these three UN-mandated missions as part of the government's ongoing commitment to lasting peace and stability in the Sudans.
More information on Canada's work in the Sudans can be found on the page "Canada: Active in Sudan and South Sudan."
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