Bilateral Air Relations Between Canada and Foreign Countries
On November 27, 2006, the Blue Sky policy was officially adopted by the Government of Canada. Since its inception, the Blue Sky policy has become an important vehicle to promote connectivity between all Canadian regions and the world. It has also provided Canadian consumers with more choices in terms of destinations and number of direct flights.
The Blue Sky policy calls for a proactive approach to the liberalization of Air Transport Agreements (ATAs). In particular, it seeks to negotiate reciprocal Open Skies-type agreements when it is in Canada's overall interest to do so. It does not advocate a "one-size-fits-all" undifferentiated approach to air transport negotiations and recognizes that, in some instances, it is justified to be more prudent, especially where there are level-playing field concerns or where new services run the risk of destabilizing existing ones valued by Canadian communities.
The Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada and Transport Canada are jointly responsible to advance the air transport negotiations agenda with foreign countries.
Achievements under the Blue Sky Policy: A Snapshot
Since November 2006, the Government of Canada has concluded new or expanded Air Transport Agreements covering over 70 countries, including:
- Open Skies-type agreements with 16 countries: Ireland, Iceland, New Zealand, Barbados, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, South Korea, El Salvador, Switzerland, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Brazil, Nicaragua, Honduras, Curaçao and Sint Maarten.
- Expanded agreements with 15 countries: China, Japan, Cuba, India, Mexico, Singapore, the Philippines, Jordan, Turkey, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria, and Peru.
- New first-time agreements with 17 countries: Kuwait, Serbia, Croatia, Panama, South Africa, Ethiopia, Tunisia, Qatar, Colombia, Senegal, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Bahrain, Uruguay, Paraguay, and the Gambia.
- A comprehensive ATA between Canada and the European Union’s 27 member states.
For a full list of Canada’s ATAs, please consult the Canadian Transportation Agency website.
Looking into the Future
Canada will continue to negotiate new and expanded agreements to promote the interests of Canadian consumers, as well as our trade and tourism sectors. The outcomes of future negotiations will continue to support a range of federal government policies such as the Economic Action Plan, the Global Commerce Strategy, the Federal Tourism Strategy, Gateways and Corridors Initiatives, and the Americas' Strategy.
Point of Contact
The Office of the Chief Air Negotiator (ANA)
Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada
125 Sussex Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0G2
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