Canada – Andean Community Free Trade Negotiations

Initial Environmental Assessment Report - January 2008

Appendix 2: Canada's FIPA Program

Background on Canada’s FIPA Program

A FIPA (Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement) is a bilateral treaty to protect foreign investment through legally-binding rights and obligations. Canada’s model treaty provides a template for negotiating such rules. As the provisions remain subject to refinement by the Parties, it is unlikely that any two treaties will be exactly identical. Canada's FIPA model is available online.

A FIPA sets out the Parties’ rights and obligations with respect to foreign investment. Such treaties seek to ensure that foreign investors will not: (a) be discriminated against; (b) have their investments expropriated without prompt and adequate compensation; and, (c) be subject to treatment lower than the minimum standard established in customary international law. Typically there are agreed exceptions to these obligations.

Canada promotes and protects foreign investment through a transparent rules-based system that affirms the right to regulate in the public interest. As an instrument that supports the rule of law and fosters fairness, non-discrimination and accountability, a FIPA encourages good governance. A FIPA also promotes sustainable development by exhorting governments not to lower health, safety or environmental measures in order to attract investment.

Canada began negotiating FIPAs in 1989 and currently has 24 such treaties.

Environmental Issues Related to the FIPA Model

Canada’s FIPA model incorporates various safeguards protecting the right to regulate for legitimate public welfare objectives. It includes a general exception with respect to human, animal or plant life or health based on GATT article XX/GATS article XIV. The model also clarifies that non-discriminatory measures to protect health, safety and the environment do not constitute an indirect expropriation. This ensures that environmental regulations are not stifled by the obligation to provide compensation.

The model recognizes that it is inappropriate to encourage investment by relaxing domestic health, safety or environmental measures. In the event a Party offers such encouragement, the other Party may request consultations.

Appendix 3: Environmental Legislation and Regulations

Below is a non-exhaustive list of federal, provincial and territorial legislation9 and regulations that may enhance positive environmental impacts or mitigate against negative environmental impacts of the WTO Doha Round of trade negotiations.

Laws of General Application

Federal

ANTARTIC ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT

AUDITOR GENERAL ACT

CANADA EMISSION REDUCTION INCENTIVES AGENCY ACT

  • CANADA EMISSION REDUCTION INCENTIVES AGENCY ACT (S.C. 2005, c. 30)

CANADA NATIONAL PARKS ACT

  • CANADA NATIONAL PARKS ACT (S.C. 2000, c. 32)

CANADA SHIPPING ACT

  • CANADA SHIPPING ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. S-9)
  • Air Pollution Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1404)
  • Ballast Water Control and Management Regulations (SOR/2006-129)
  • Collision Regulations (C.R.C., 1978, c. 1416)
  • Dangerous Bulk Materials Regulations (SOR/87-24)
  • Dangerous Chemicals and Noxious Liquid Substances Regulations (SOR/93-4)
  • Dangerous Goods Shipping Regulations (SOR/81-951)
  • Fire Detection and Extinguishing Equipment (C.R.C. 1978, c. 1422)
  • Garbage Pollution Prevention Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1424)
  • Great Lakes Sewage Pollution Prevention Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1429)
  • Non-Pleasure Craft Sewage Pollution Prevention Regulations (SOR/91-659)
  • Oil Pollution Prevention Regulations (SOR/93-3)
  • Pleasure Craft Sewage Pollution Prevention Regulations (SOR/91-661)
  • Pollutant Discharge Reporting Regulations, 1995 (SOR/95-351)
  • Pollutant Substances Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1458)
  • Response Organizations and Oil Handling Facilities Regulations (SOR/95-405)

CANADA TRANSPORTATION ACT 

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT ACT (CEAA)

  • CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT ACT (S.C. 1992, c. 37)
  • Canada Port Authority Environmental Assessment Regulations (SOR/99-318)
  • Comprehensive Study List Regulations (SOR/94-638)
  • Exclusion List Regulations (SOR/94-639)
  • Federal Authorities Regulations (SOR/96-280)
  • Inclusion List Regulations (SOR/94-637)
  • Law List Regulations (SOR/94-636)
  • Projects Outside Canada Environmental Assessment Regulations (SOR/96-491)
  • Regulations Respecting the Coordination by Federal Authorities of Environmental Assessment Procedures and Requirements (SOR/97-181)

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1999 (CEPA)

  • CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1999 (S.C. 1999, c. 33)
  • 2-Butoxyethanol Regulations (SOR/2006-347)
  • Alberta Equivalency Order (SOR/94-752)
  • Asbestos Mines and Mills Release Regulations (SOR/90-341)
  • Benzene in Gasoline Regulations (SOR/97-493)
  • Biological Test Method: Reference Method for Determining Acute Lethality of Effluents to Daphnia magna (EPS 1/RM/14)
  • Biological Test Method: Reference Method for Determining Acute Lethality of Effluents to Rainbow Trout (EPS 1/RM/13)
  • Biological Test Method: Test of Larval Growth and Survival Using Fathead Minnows (EPS 1/RM/22)
  • Biological Test Method: Test of Reproduction and Survival Using the Cladoceran Ceriodaphnia dubia (EPS 1/RM/21)
  • Chlor-Alkali Mercury Release Regulations (SOR/90-130)
  • Chlorobiphenyls Regulations (SOR/91-152)
  • Code of Practice for the Reduction of Chlorofluorocarbon Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems
  • Compliance and Enforcement Policy for the Canadian Environmental Protection Act,1999 (CEPA,1999) (March 2001)
  • Contaminated Fuel Regulations (SOR/91-486)
  • Disposal at Sea Regulations (SOR/2001-275)
  • Domestic Substances List (SOR/94-311)
  • Environmental Assessments of Priority Substances Under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act
  • Environmental Code of Practice for Base Metals Smelters and Refineries (First Edition, March 2006)
  • Environmental Code of Practice for Elimination of Fluorocarbon Emissions from Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Systems
  • Environmental Code of Practice for Integrated Steel Mills (EPS 1/MM/7 - March 2001)
  • Environmental Code of Practice for Non-Integrated Steel Mills (EPS 1/MM/8 - March 2001)
  • Environmental Code of Practice for the Reduction of Solvent Emissions from Dry Cleaning Facilities (CCME-EPC/AITG-50E)
  • Environmental Code of Practice for Vapour Recovery in Gasoline Distribution Networks (CCME-EPC/TRE-30E)
  • Environmental Code of Practice on Halons (Code of Practice EPS 1/RA/3E)
  • Environmental Emergency Regulations (SOR/2003-307)
  • Export and Import of Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Recyclable Material Regulations (SOR/2005-149)
  • Export Control List Notification Regulations (SOR/2000-108)
  • Export of Substances Under the Rotterdam Convention Regulations (SOR/2002-317)
  • Federal Above-ground Storage Tank Technical Guidelines (P.C. 1996-1233)
  • Federal Halocarbon Regulations, 2003 (SOR/2003-289)
  • Federal Mobile PCB Treatment and Destruction Regulations (SOR/90-5)
  • Federal Underground Storage Tank Technical Guidelines
  • Fuels Information Regulations, No. 1 (C.R.C., c. 407)
  • Gasoline and Gasoline Blend Dispensing Flow Rate Regulations (SOR/2000-43)
  • Gasoline Regulations (SOR/90-247)
  • Guidance Document for Flow Measurement of Metal Mining Effluents (April 2001)
  • Guidance Document for the Sampling and Analysis of Metal Mining Effluents (April 2001)
  • Guide to Understanding the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (October 27, 2004)
  • Guidelines for the Implementation of the Pollution Prevention Planning Provisions of Part 4 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) (February 2001)
  • Guidelines for the Notification and Testing of New Substances: Chemicals and Polymers (REPEALED) (August 2001)
  • Guidelines for the Use of Information Gathering Authorities Under Section 46 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (March 2001)
  • Guidelines for Volatile Organic Compounds in Consumer Products (2003)
  • Implementation Guidelines for Part 8 of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 – Environmental Emergency Plans (September 2003)
  • Interprovincial Movement of Hazardous Waste Regulations (SOR/2002-301)
  • List of Hazardous Waste Authorities (SOR/92-636)
  • List of Toxic Substances Authorities (SOR/94-162)
  • Masked Name Regulations (SOR/94-261)
  • National Emission Guidelines for Stationary Combustion Turbines (CCME-EPC/AITG-49E)
  • National Pollutant Release Inventory and Municipal Wastewater Services (May 2003)
  • New Source Emission Guidelines for Thermal Electricity Generation (Canada Gazette, Part I, January 4, 2003)
  • New Substances Fees Regulations (SOR/2002-374)
  • New Substances Notification Regulations (Chemicals and Polymers) (SOR/2005-247)
  • New Substances Notification Regulations (Organisms) (SOR/2005-248)
  • Non-domestic Substances List (Canada Gazette, Part I)
  • Notice with Respect to Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) for 2005 (Canada Gazette Part I, March 12, 2005)
  • Notice with Respect to Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) for 2006 (Canada Gazette, Part I, July 15, 2006)
  • Notice with Respect to Selected Substances Identified as Priority for Action (Canada Gazette Part I, March 4, 2006)
  • Notice with Respect to Substances in the National Pollutant Release Inventory for 2005 (Canada Gazette, Part 1, February 19, 2005)
  • Notice with respect to substances in the National Pollutant Release Inventory for 2006 (Canada Gazette Part I, February 25, 2006)
  • Off-Road Compression-Ignition Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2005-32)
  • Off-Road Small Spark-Ignition Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-355)
  • On-Road Vehicle and Engine Emission Regulations (SOR/2003-2)
  • Ozone-Depleting Substances Regulations, 1998 (SOR/99-7)
  • PCB Waste Export Regulations, 1996 (SOR/97-109)
  • Persistence and Bioaccumulation Regulations (SOR/2000-107)
  • Phosphorus Concentration Regulations (SOR/89-501)
  • Prohibition of Certain Toxic Substances Regulations, 2005 (SOR/2005-41)
  • Pulp and Paper Mill Defoamer and Wood Chip Regulations (SOR/92-268)
  • Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent Chlorinated Dioxins and Furans Regulations (SOR/92-267)
  • Registration of Storage Tank Systems for Petroleum Products and Allied Petroleum Products on Federal Lands Regulations (SOR/97-10)
  • Regulations Respecting Applications for Permits for Disposal at Sea (SOR/2001-276)
  • Reporting For The Domestic Substances List
  • Rules of Procedure for Boards of Review (SOR/2003-28)
  • Secondary Lead Smelter Release Regulations (SOR/91-155)
  • Solvent Degreasing Regulations (SOR/2003-283)
  • Storage of PCB Material Regulations (SOR/92-507)
  • Sulphur in Diesel Fuel Regulations (SOR/2002-254)
  • Sulphur in Gasoline Regulations (SOR/99-236)
  • Tetrachloroethylene (Use In Dry Cleaning and Reporting Requirements) Regulations (SOR/2003-79)
  • Toxic Substances Management Policy
  • Toxic Substances Management Policy : Persistence and Bioaccumulation Criteria
  • Toxic Substances Management Policy : Report on Public Consultations
  • Tributyltetradecylphosphonium Chloride Regulations (SOR/2000-66)
  • Vinyl Chloride Release Regulations, 1992 (SOR/92-631)
  • Virtual Elimination List (SOR/2006-298)

CANADIAN FOOD AND DRUG ACT

CANADIAN NUCLEAR SAFETY AND CONTROL ACT10

DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT ACT 

  • DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. E-10)

EMERGENCIES ACT

  • EMERGENCIES ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. 22 (4th Supp.))

EMERGENCY PREPARENESS ACT

ENERGY EFFICENCY ACT

  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACT (S.C. 1992, c. 36)
  • Energy Efficiency Regulations (SOR/94-651)

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION REVIEW ACT

  • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INFORMATION REVIEW ACT (R.S.C 1985, c. 24 (3rd Supp.))
  • Application for a Claim for Exemption
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Act Appeal Board Procedures Regulations (SOR/91-86)
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Regulations (SOR/88-456)

HAZARDOUS PRODUCTS ACT

  • HAZARDOUS PRODUCTS ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. H-3)
  • Carbonated Beverage Glass Containers Regulations (SOR/80-831)
  • Consumer Chemicals and Containers Regulations, 2001 (SOR/2001-269)
  • Controlled Products Regulations (SOR/88-66)
  • Hazardous Products (Crocidolite Asbestos) Regulations (SOR/89-440)
  • Hazardous Products (Glazed Ceramics and Glassware) Regulations (SOR/98-176)
  • Ingredient Disclosure List (SOR/88-64)
  • Safety Glass Regulations (C.R.C. 1978, c. 933)
  • Surface Coating Materials Regulations (SOR/2005-109)

NATIONAL ROUND TABLE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY ACT

  • NATIONAL ROUND TABLE ON THE ENVIRONMENT AND THE ECONOMY ACT (S.C. 1993, c. 31)

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES WATERS ACT

  • NORTHWEST TERRITORIES WATERS ACT (S.C. 1992, c. 39)
  • Northwest Territories Waters Regulations (SOR/93-303)

NUCLEAR FUEL WASTE ACT

  • NUCLEAR FUEL WASTE ACT (S.C. 2002, c. 23)

PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ACT 

  • Pest Control Products Act (S.C. 2002, c. 28)
  • List of Pest Control Product Formulants and Contaminants of Health or Environmental Concern (SI/2005-114)
  • Pest Control Products Regulations (REPEALED) (C.R.C., c. 1253)
  • PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ACT (REPEALED) (R.S.C. 1985, c. P-9)
  • Pest Control Products Incident Reporting Regulations (SOR/2006-260)
  • Pest Control Products Regulations (SOR/2006-124)
  • Pest Control Products Sales and Information Reporting Regulations (SOR/2006-261)
  • Regulations Prescribing the Fees to Be Paid for a Pest Control Product Application Examination Service Provided by or on Behalf of Her Majesty in Right of Canada, for a Right or Privilege to Manufacture or Sell a Pest Control Product in Canada and for Establishing a Maximum Residue Limit in Relation to a Pest Control Product (SOR/97-173)

PILOTAGE ACT 

RAILWAY SAFETY ACT

  • RAILWAY SAFETY ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. 32 (4th Supp.))
  • Ammonium Nitrate Storage Facilities Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1145)
  • Anhydrous Ammonia Bulk Storage Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1146)
  • Chlorine Tank Car Unloading Facilities Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1147)
  • Flammable Liquids Bulk Storage Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1148)
  • Handling of Carloads of Explosives on Railway Trackage Regulations (SOR/79-15)
  • Heating and Power Boilers Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1151)
  • Highway Crossings Protective Devices Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XIII, c. 1183)
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gases Bulk Storage Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XII, c. 1152)
  • Mining Near Lines of Railways Regulations (SOR/91-104)
  • Notice of Railway Works Regulations (SOR/91-103)
  • Railway Prevention of Electric Sparks Regulations (SOR/82-1015)
  • Railway Safety Appliance Standards Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XIII, c. 1171)
  • Railway Safety Management System Regulations (SOR/2001-37)
  • Railway-Highway Crossing at Grade Regulations (SOR/80-748)
  • Service Equipment Cars Regulations (SOR/86-922)
  • Specifications 112 and 114 Tank Cars Regulations (SOR/79-101)
  • Wire Crossings and Proximities Regulations (C.R.C., Vol. XIII, c. 1195)

SAFE CONTAINERS CONVENTION ACT

  • SAFE CONTAINERS CONVENTION ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. S-1)
  • Safe Containers Convention Regulations (SOR/82-1038)

TERRITORIAL LANDS ACT

  • TERRITORIAL LANDS ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. T-7)
  • Canada Oil and Gas Drilling and Production Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1517)
  • Territorial Land Use Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1524)

RESOURCES AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS ACT

TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS ACT 

  • TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS ACT, 1992 (S.C. 1992, c. 34)
  • Toronto Area Rail Transportation of Dangerous Goods Advisory Council Order (SOR/86-332)
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods General Policy Advisory Council Order (SOR/90-153)
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (SOR/2001-286)
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations - Schedules (SOR/2001-286)

YUKON ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT ACT

  • YUKON ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT ACT (S.C. 2003, c. 7)

Provincial/Territorial

Ontario
Environmental Protection Act, Environmental Assessment Act, Dangerous Goods Transportation Act, Environmental Bill of Rights

Quebec
Environment Quality Act, Ministry of the Environment Act, Transport Act

Nova Scotia
Environment Act, Environmental Assessment Regulations

New Brunswick
Clean Environment Act, Environmental Impact Assessment Regulation, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act

Manitoba
Sustainable Development Act, Environment Act, Dangerous Goods Transportation and Handling Act

British Columbia
Environmental Management Act, Environmental Assessment Act, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act

Prince Edward Island
Environmental Protection Act

Alberta
Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act, Environmental Assessment Regulation, Dangerous Goods Transportation and Handling Act

Saskatchewan
Environmental Assessment Act, Environmental Management and Protection Act, Dangerous Goods Transportation Act

Newfoundland and Labrador
Environmental Protection Act, Environmental Assessment Regulations, Dangerous Goods Transportation Act

Northwest Territories
Environmental Protection Act, Environmental Rights Act, Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act

Yukon
Environment Act, Environmental Assessment Act and Regulations, Dangerous Goods Transportation Act, Yukon Environmental and Socio-Economic Assessment Act, Yukon Act

Nunavut
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act

Laws impacting air

Federal

AERONAUTICS ACT

ALTERNATIVE FUELS ACT

  • Alternative Fuels Regulations (SOR/96-453)

WEATHER MODIFICATION INFORMATION ACT

  • Weather Modification Information Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1604)

Canadian Aviation Regulations

Motor Vehicle Fuel Consumption Standards

Provincial/Territorial

Ontario
Environmental Protection Act

  • Regulation 419/05 – Air Pollution – Local Air Quality
  • Regulation 194/05 – Industry Emissions – Nitrogen Oxides and Sulfur Dioxide
  • Regulation 127/01 – Air Contaminant Discharge Monitoring and Reporting
  • Regulation 397/01 – Emissions Trading
  • Ozone-depleting Substance Regulations

Nova Scotia
Air Quality Regulations, Ozone Layer Protection Regulations

New Brunswick
Clean Air Act, Air Quality Regulation, Ozone-depleting Substances Regulation

Manitoba
Ozone-depleting Substances Act

British Columbia
Ozone-depleting Substances and Other Halocarbons Regulation, BC Cleaner Gasoline Regulation, Sulphur Content of Fuel Regulation

Prince Edward Island
Transboundary Pollution (Reciprocal Access) Act

Alberta
Clean Air Act, Ozone-depleting Substances Regulation

Saskatchewan
Clean Air Act and Regulations, Ozone-depleting Substances Control Regulations

Newfoundland and Labrador
Air Pollution Control Regulations, Halocarbon Regulations

Laws impacting flora and fauna

Federal

ARCTIC WILDLIFE ACT

CANADA WILDLIFE ACT

  • CANADA WILDLIFE ACT (R.S.C., 1985, c. W-9)
  • Wildlife Area Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1609)

FERTILIZER ACT

HEALTH OF ANIMALS ACT

MIGRATORY BIRDS CONVENTION ACT, 1994

  • MIGRATORY BIRDS CONVENTION ACT, 1994 (S.C. 1994, c. 22)
  • Migratory Bird Sanctuary Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1036)
  • Migratory Birds Regulations (C.R.C., c. 1035)

Migratory Birds Regulations

National Wildlife Week Act

PEST CONTROL PRODUCTS ACT

PESTICIDE RESIDUE COMPENSATION ACT

PLANT PROTECTION ACT

SPECIES AT RISK (2002)

  • SPECIES AT RISK ACT (S.C. 2002, c. 29)
  • Order Extending the Time for the Assessment of the Status of Wildlife Species (SOR/2006-115)
  • Order Extending the Time for the Assessment of the Status of Wildlife Species (REPEALED) (SOR/2003-215)

WILD ANIMAL AND PLANT PROTECTION AND REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL AND INTERPROVINCIAL TRADE ACT 

  • WILD ANIMAL AND PLANT PROTECTION AND REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL AND INTERPROVINCIALTRADE ACT (S.C. 1992, c. 52)
  • Wild Animal and Plant Trade Regulations (SOR/96-263)

Provincial/Territorial

Ontario
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, Forestry Act
Crown Forest Sustainability Act, 1994
Pesticides Act
Endangered Species Act
Wilderness Areas Act

Quebec
Wildlife Conservation and Development Act, Natural Heritage Conservation Act, Act Respecting Threatened or Vulnerable Species, Pesticides Act, Tree Protection Act

Nova Scotia
Wildlife Habitat and Watercourses Protection Regulations, Endangered Species Act, Fisheries and Coastal Resources Act, Forests Act, Forest Sustainability Regulations

New Brunswick
Endangered Species Act, Fish and Wildlife Act,

Manitoba
Forest Act, Wildlife Act, Fisheries Act, Fishermen’s Assistance and Polluters’ Liability Act, Endangered Species Act

British Columbia
Wildlife Act, Fisheries Act, Freshwater Fish Regulation, Farming and Fishing Industries Development Act, Fish Protection Act

Prince Edward Island
Wildlife Conservation Act, Fisheries Act

Saskatchewan
Forest Resources Management Act, Wildlife Act, Wildlife Habitat Protection Act , Fisheries Act

Northwest Territories
Wildlife Act

Yukon
Wildlife Act, Migratory Birds Convention Act, Fisheries Act, Forest Protection Act

Laws impacting water and fisheries

Federal

ARCTIC WATERS POLLUTION PREVENTION ACT

  • ARCTIC WATERS POLLUTION PREVENTION ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. A-12)
  • Arctic Shipping Pollution Prevention Regulations (C.R.C., c. 353)
  • Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Regulations (C.R.C., c. 354)
  • Governor in Council Authority Delegation Order (C.R.C., c. 355)
  • Steering Appliances and Equipment Regulations (SOR/83-810)

CANADA MARINE ACT

  • CANADA MARINE ACT (S.C. 1998, c. 10)
  • Natural and Man-made Harbour Navigation and Use Regulations (SOR/2005-73)
  • Port Authorities Operations Regulations (SOR/2000-55)
  • Seaway Property Regulations (SOR/2003-105)

CANADA NATIONAL MARINE CONSERVATION AREAS ACT

  • CANADA NATIONAL MARINE CONSERVATION AREAS ACT (S.C. 2002, c. 18)

CANADA WATER ACT

  • CANADA WATER ACT (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-11)
  • Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality
  • Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality 1978

Provincial/Territorial

Ontario
Ontario Water Resources Act

  • Regulation 387/04 - Water Taking and Transfer
  • Water Well Regulation (Regulation 903)

Nutrient Management Act, 2002
Safe Drinking Water Act, 2002
Clean Water Act, 2006
Lakes and Rivers Improvement Act
Sustainable Water and Sewage Systems Act
Pesticides Act

Quebec
Watercourses Act, Water Resources Preservation Act

Nova Scotia
Water Resources Protection Act, Wildlife Habitat and Watercourses Protection Regulations,

New Brunswick
Clean Water Act, Water Quality Regulations, Watercourse Alteration Regulations

Manitoba
Conservation Agreements Act, Ground Water and Water Well Act, Water Protection Act, Water Resources Conservation and Protection Act

British Columbia
Water Act, Water Protection Act, Groundwater Protection Regulation

Prince Edward Island
Water and Sewage Act

Alberta
Water Act, Surface Water Quality Guidelines

Saskatchewan
Water Regulations, Groundwater Conservation Act

Newfoundland and Labrador
Water Resources Act

Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories Waters Act, Water Resources Agreements Act

Yukon
Water Act

Nunavut
Nunavut Waters and Nunavut Surface Rights Tribunal Act

Laws impacting land and non-renewable resources

Federal

AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT ACT
CANADA AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS ACT
CANADA-NOVA SCOTIA OFFSHORE PETROLEUM RESOURCES ACCORD IMPLEMENTATION ACT
CANADA-NEWFOUNDLAND-ATLANTIC ACCORD IMPLEMENTATION ACT
CANADA OIL AND GAS OPERATIONS ACT
CANADA PETROLEUM RESOURCES ACT
ENERGY SUPPLIES EMERGENCY ACT
FERTILIZER ACT
FIRST NATIONS LAND MANAGEMENT ACT
INDIAN OIL AND GAS ACT
JAMES BAY AND NORTHERN QUÉBEC NATIVE CLAIMS SETTLEMENT ACT
MACKENZIE VALLEY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ACT
MANGANESE-BASED FUEL ADDITIVES ACT

  • MANGANESE-BASED FUEL ADDITIVES ACT (S.C. 1997, c. 11)

Motor Vehicle Fuel Consumptions Standards (Not in Force)
NATIONAL ENERGY BOARD ACT
NORTHERN PIPELINE ACT
TERRITORIAL LANDS ACT

Provincial/Territorial

Ontario
Environmental Protection Act

  • Regulations 101-104
  • Regulation 153 – Record of Site Condition (Brownfields)
  • Deep Well Disposal Regulation (Regulation 341)
  • Regulation 347 – Waste Management – General
  • Waste Management – PCBs Regulation (Regulation 362)

Waste Diversion Act, 2002
Waste Management Act
Planning Act
Greenbelt Act, 2005
Nutrient Management Act
Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Act, 2001
Places to Grow Act, 2005
Aggregate Resources Act
Mining Act
Oil, Gas and Salt Resources Act

Quebec
Mining Act

Nova Scotia
Asbestos Waste Management Regulations, PCB Management Regulations, Wilderness Areas Protection Act, Petroleum Management Regulations, Energy Resources Conservation Act

New Brunswick
Topsoil Preservation Act, Petroleum Product Storage and Handling Regulation, Regional Solid Waste Commissions Regulation, Energy Conservation Act, Mining Act, Oil and Natural Gas Act

Manitoba
Natural Resources Act, Waste Reduction and Prevention Act, Habitat Heritage Act, Natural Resources Transfer Act

British Columbia
Environment and Land Use Act, Contaminated Sites Regulation, Special Waste Regulation, Waste Discharge Regulation, Hazardous Waste Regulation, Forest Act, Forest and Range Practices Act

Prince Edward Island
Oil and Natural Gas Act

Alberta
Release Reporting Regulation, Release Regulation, Waste Control Regulation, Conservation and Reclamation Regulation, Coal Conservation Act, Energy Resources Conservation Act, Oil and Gas Conservation Act, Oil Sands Conservation Act, Pipeline Act

Saskatchewan
Environmental Spill Control Regulations, Hazardous Substances & Waste Dangerous Goods Regulations, Mineral Industry Environmental Protection Regulations, Conservation and Development Act, Oil and Gas Conservation Act

Newfoundland and Labrador
Well Drilling Regulations, Waste Management Regulations, Waste Reduction and Recovery Act

Northwest Territories
Forest Protection Act, Waste Reduction and Recovery Act

Yukon
Oil and Gas Act, Yukon Surface Rights Board Act

Laws impacting trade

  • CANADA-CHILE FREE TRADE AGREEMENT IMPLEMENTATION ACT
  • NORTH AMERICAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT IMPLEMENTATION ACT
  • WILD ANIMAL AND PLANT PROTECTION AND REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL AND INTERPROVINCIAL TRADE ACT

9. Electronic copies of the actual legislation can be obtained online at laws.justice.gc.ca (federal) and www.canlii.org (provincial/territorial).

10. This has replaced the Atomic Energy Control Act