Canadian international assistance in Mali
Canada and Mali established diplomatic relations in 1962 and the first development assistance projects followed in 1972.
In 2016, Mali ranked 175th out of 188 countries on the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Index. In 2014, 50.6 % of Mali's 15.8 million inhabitants lived on less than US $ 1.90 per day and 47.5% of the population was under 15 years of age.
The country has an adult illiteracy rate of about 66% and higher infant and maternal mortality, morbidity and malnutrition rates than most countries in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2014, life expectancy at birth was only 58 years old.
Mali has endured internal strife for more than five years following the 2012 coup. Canada condemned the coup and suspended direct financial support to the government from its development assistance program. This continued until February 2014.
During this period, Canada provided humanitarian assistance to help Malians deal with the crisis while maintaining development initiatives focused on the delivery of basic services.
Since February 2014, Canada has resumed its programming in order to help Mali restart its development, peace and stability while continuing to respond to humanitarian needs in Mali and bordering countries.
Our international development assistance
Search the Project Browser to see what Canada is doing to support development in Mali.
The overall objective of Canada's international development program in Mali is to reduce inequality and poverty among the most vulnerable, including women and youth.
The international development program focuses on:
- human development by improving the sexual and reproductive health of women and girls and the quality of education and skills training
- inclusive economic growth with a focus on agricultural productivity to improve resilience, including nutrition
- democratic governance and human rights
- gender equality as a cross-cutting priority theme
Canada's international development program in Mali is in harmony with the Strategic Framework for Economic Recovery and Sustainable Development in Mali (CREDD 2016-2018). This strategy focuses on the following priorities: good governance, inclusive economic growth, sustainable job creation, equitable access to quality social services and peace and security.
Sexual and reproductive health
Canada is Mali's leading partner in maternal and child health, women's and girls' health.
We continue to support the strengthening of Mali's health system with a view to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Canada also places an emphasis on basic education to increase the primary school enrollment rate and provide quality education.
Key Expected Results:
- To reduce the maternal mortality rate of 368 deaths per 100,000 live births
- To reduce the infant mortality rate of 56 deaths per 1,000 live births
- Teachers in public and community schools will benefit from ongoing training to improve the quality of learning
- Assistance will be provided to increase the primary school enrollment rate to 58%
Irrigation and agricultural development projects
Canada supports irrigation and agricultural development projects and promotes the application of innovative methods and technologies to increase food security, stimulate economic growth and increase the resilience of vulnerable populations in the face of climate change.
Farmers should be able to produce more crops for both their own consumption and for sale in local markets and those of neighboring countries. This progress will contribute to enhancing food security and stabilizing prices in urban centers.
Canada supports the development of financial products adapted to the agriculture sector. We are making these products more accessible to rural populations. We also support the economic empowerment of women so that Malians can meet their socio-economic development needs, while helping to increase food security in the region.
Key anticipated results:
- Up to 22,800 hectares of new land will be developed, promoting the secure production of over 33,000 tonnes of cereals, including 28,000 tonnes of rice, and over 65,000 tonnes of market-garden produce
- Organizations of rural producers, both women and men, will be trained to use new farming and management techniques, increasing climate change resilience
- Farmer organizations will enhance their ability to access agricultural credit and markets, improving their productivity and their income
Mali’s justice system
Canada supports the functioning of Mali’s justice system and is helping to enhance the credibility, efficiency and accessibility of Mali’s justice system for all citizens, particularly women.
Canada is supporting the Office of the Auditor General of Mali and is helping to upgrade Mali’s public administration to improve the management of public finances and help combat corruption in Mali.
Canada will also build the capacity of civil society organizations in the areas of development policy analysis, lobbying and citizen oversight so they can better fulfill their role as development players and agents of social change.
Key anticipated results
- A larger percentage of recommendations contained in reports from the Office of the Auditor General will be implemented
- Judicial control and inspection will be strengthened, and citizens, particularly women, will have improved access to the justice system
- Civil society organizations will increase their capacity for dialogue, analysis, research and citizen engagement around development policies
Progress on aid effectiveness
Canada's international development program in Mali is in harmony with the Strategic Framework for Economic Recovery and Sustainable Development in Mali (CREDD 2016-2018).
This strategy focuses on the following priorities: good governance, inclusive economic growth, sustainable job creation, equitable access to quality social services and peace and security.
Canada has been a member of the Troika since January 2015. The Troika coordinates the Mali Development Partners Group and Canada is using this platform to promote Canadian values such as good governance, equality between Gender and results-based management.
Over the years, initiatives to reduce poverty, improve the health of women and children, improve the Malian education system, strengthen the capacity of agricultural producers and improve governance in Mali Have had considerable success.
- Canada contributed to a national increase in the rate of births assisted by qualified personnel (doctor, midwife or nurse), which has noticeably improved since 2013. The rate was 30.2% in 2014 compared with 26.5% in 2013
- Through health budget support, Canada contributed to a national increase in the use of family planning services (annual number of couple-years of protection from 90,542 couples in 2006 to 494,724 couples in 2014)
- In the regions of Kayes, Koulikoro, Sikasso, Ségou and Mopti, between 2014 and 2015, schools targeted by Canada increased their primary gross enrolment ratio by 13.5% (69.6% in 2014 to 83.1% in 2015) and enrolment in the first cycle of primary education by 23.7% (57.6% in 2014 to 81.3% in 2015). Also, 90% of childcare centres supported by Canada were operational, compared with 47% in 2014
- In 2015–2016, Canada helped to increase agricultural productivity in Mali through its support for the production, processing and marketing of agricultural products; 13,000 tonnes of market-garden crops and 2,000 tonnes of dried almonds, while 8,744 tonnes of cereals were marketed
- In total, Canadian food security assistance in Mali in 2015–2016 helped to diversify agricultural production (market-garden crops, cereals), build the capacity of 132 farmers’ groups and 16 cooperative organizations (the majority of their 46,000 members are women), and improve living conditions
- Canada supported the establishment of an audit unit and the internal capacity building in financial and accounting management of the Office of the Auditor General of Mali. In October 2015, the Auditor General presented his 2013 and 2014 annual reports to the President of the Republic. For the 2014 report, of the 16 audits carried out, the total amount of financial irregularities amounts to CFAF 72.88 billion (CAD 160 million), including CFAF 33.86 billion (CAD $ 75 million) for fraud (46.46% of the total amount) and CFAF 39.02 billion (CDN $ 86 million) for mismanagement
- Facebook page of the Embassy of Canada to Mali
- Embassy of Canada to Mali
- CREDD 2016–2018 (in French only, PDF, 1MB, 136 pages) Mali’s strategic framework for economic recovery and sustainable development
- Date Modified: