Canadian international assistance in Mongolia
Landlocked Mongolia has made significant progress since its shift to a market-based open economy in 1990. Half of Mongolia’s 2.8 million people live in or around Ulaanbaatar, the capital city.
More than one out of five Mongolians still struggle to live on less than US$1.25 per day, and the country ranks 92nd out of 188 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2015 Human Development Index.
Mongolia held its first democratic parliamentary election in 1990 and its first direct presidential election in 1993. It continues to hold democratic and fair presidential and legislative elections.
Mongolia holds extensive reserves of copper, gold, oil and coal, and exports of these commodities are the country’s primary source of revenue. Exports are expected to continue to drive economic growth. The country is putting in place systems to
- manage this export-led growth
- protect its environment and natural assets
- ensure equitable sharing of benefits among citizens
Approximately 22% of Mongolia's workforce is still employed in agriculture, although this figure has been declining. Meanwhile the rapidly growing mining sector relies to a significant degree on foreign workers because Mongolia's workforce lacks relevant skills.
Our international development assistance
Search the Project Browser to see what Canada is doing to support development in Mongolia.
Canada's international development bilateral assistance program in Mongolia is closely aligned with Mongolia's Development Priorities National Action Plan 2016-2020 and Sustainable Development Vision 2030. This focuses on ensuring human development, decreasing rural-urban disparities and improving economic competitiveness.
Supporting reforms in the extractive sector
The goal of Canada's assistance is to help the country by empowering women and girls and protecting and promoting their rights through advancing gender equality. Canada will also help in strengthening public service capacity, particularly the management of natural resources.
Canada also supports Mongolia's efforts to develop a professional, merit-based and non-partisan civil service that can plan and administer government reforms and initiatives
Canada also supports efforts to improve the quality, stability and transparency of Mongolia's mining-related legislation, policies and regulations. This includes ensuring that environmental and workplace health and safety issues are addressed.
Key anticipated results
- Empowerment, including economic empowerment, of women and girls to undertake initiatives which increase their economic independence; increase gender equality; increase women's roles in governance, accountability and transparency; and, increase the participation of women in decision-making
- Increased capacity of Mongolian public sector institutions to manage the extractive sector sustainably and responsibly
Results to date
- Supported the revision and development of an implementation plan for the new civil service law
- Increased effectiveness and visibility of Mongolian women Parliamentarians to undertake legislative reform to end gender-based violence
- Increased the participation of women in elections, resulting in the election of the largest ever number of woman members of parliament in 2016
- Strengthened water management training for mining companies and stakeholders in the South Gobi
Progress on aid effectiveness
Mongolia adheres to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. Most donors focus on economic infrastructure, education and social services.
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