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Canada-Czech Republic relations

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Bilateral relations

Canada and the Czech Republic have a friendly and positive bilateral relationship, strengthened by our shared values and commitments as NATO allies. The warm welcome offered by Canada to Czechoslovak political refugees in 1948 and 1968, steadfast support for dissidents throughout the Communist period, and support by Canada in the early 1990s, when the Czech Republic was quickly modernizing, also strengthened the bilateral relationship. Canadian and Czech troops work and train side-by-side in the Canada-led NATO enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) battlegroup in Latvia.

Canada received multiple waves of Czechoslovak immigration before and after the two World Wars. There are now more than 100,000 Canadians with some Czech heritage.

Canada and the Czech Republic regularly cooperate in multilateral organizations, based on common values and approaches on issues such as support for human rights and democracy. Both countries are also members of the Media Freedom Coalition. The Czech Republic has endorsed the Canada-led Declaration Against Arbitrary Detention in State-to-State Relations.

Bilateral agreements

Canada and the Czech Republic have agreements in respect to foreign investment protection, youth mobility, social security, mutual assistance on criminal matters and facilitation of legal proceedings, cooperation on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and the avoidance of double taxation.

Trade relations

Exports to the Czech Republic were $226.4 million in 2021, up 3.9% from 2020. Exports were led by aircraft and other transportation equipment and parts which accounted for 27.5% of exports to the Czech Republic. Imports from the Czech Republic were $850.7 million in 2021, up 24.1% from 2020. Imports were led by electronic and electrical equipment and parts which accounted for 27.9% of imports from the Czech Republic.

In 2020, the Canadian direct investment position in the Czech Republic was $114.0 million, up from $18.0 million in 2019. The direct investment position from the Czech Republic in Canada was $43.0 million, the same as 2019.

In 2019, Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) from the Czech Republic employed 251 people through their affiliates in Canada, a decrease of 5.3% from the previous year. In 2019, Canadian MNEs employed 7,482 people through their affiliates in the Czech Republic, a decrease of 0.1% from the previous year; sales were $1.6 billion, up 7.7%. (Source: Statistics Canada).

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Security and defence cooperation

Canada was one of the first countries to support the Czech Republic’s accession to NATO in 1999, which led to closer defence cooperation, including through joint participation in the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan.

Today, in support of NATO defence and deterrence operations, the Czech Republic deploys an engineering support unit along with support and headquarter personnel to the Canadian-led NATO battlegroup in Latvia.

Partnerships and organizations

To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and the Czech Republic work closely in multilateral fora, such as:

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