Canada and Egypt have an established and multi-faceted relationship, which is founded on over 40 years of development cooperation, growing trade ties, and vibrant people-to-people links. Canada works with Egypt to advance issues of mutual interest, including promoting peace, stability, and security in the Middle East and Africa regions.
Canadian engagement in Egypt
Key issues in Canada’s relationship with Egypt include:
- Growing bilateral trade
- Cooperating on international peacekeeping, including participation in the Multinational Force and Observers, in the Sinai
- promoting democratic governance, pluralism and human rights (including the rights of women and girls and freedom of expression and association)
- Supporting inclusive growth and poverty reduction
- Promoting culture and education
Canada is an important destination for Egyptian immigrants, and there are approximately 100,000 people of Egyptian origin in Canada, forming vibrant communities across the country. The Canadian diaspora in Egypt, estimated at approximately 25,000 people, further illustrates the strong ties that bind Canada and Egypt together.
Two-way trade between Canada and Egypt has been growing in recent years and in 2018 totalled $1.3 billion. Canadian exports to Egypt were $395 million in 2018 and top Canadian merchandise exports to Egypt were iron, steel, and leguminous vegetables. Gold remains Canada’s top import from Egypt, making up nearly 90% of the total in recent years. Other significant imports include textiles and clothing.
Education is a major component of Canada-Egypt bilateral relations. Based in Egypt’s New Administrative Capital, the University of Canada in Egypt was inaugurated in September 2018. In 2018, Canada hosted 2,535 Egyptian students for a period of six months of more, which represents an increase of 16% from 2017. An estimated 8,500 Egyptian students studied Canadian curricula in Egypt in 2018.
Canadian firms have sizeable investments in Egypt in the petrochemicals and the oil and gas sectors.
Canada and Egypt have signed a foreign investment promotion and protection agreement and a double taxation agreement.
Trade and investment agreements
Trade and investment agreements involving Canada and Egypt:
- Canada-Egypt Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement
- World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation (TFA)
- Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
- Agreement on Trade-related Investment Measures (TRIMS)
- General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (GATT)
- General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
- World Trade Organization Information Technology Agreement (ITA)
For more information, consult trade and investment agreements.
Canada supports development projects in Egypt by partnering with local and international organizations. Canada’s development assistance in Egypt focuses on two Feminist International Assistance Policy action areas:
- Growth that works for everyone, by emphasizing employment for youth and women through skills development and private sector development, with a focus on micro, small and medium-sized enterprises.
- Human dignity, by helping the Government of Egypt to promote women’s rights.
Canada’s funding helps build the capacity of Egyptian institutions to train young people in entrepreneurship, to deliver technical and vocational training in remote regions of the country.
Partners and organizations
To develop effective responses to today’s most pressing global challenges, Canada and Egypt work closely in multilateral fora, such as:
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