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Canada-China fact sheet

Official Title:
People’s Republic of China

General Information

Capital: Beijing
Population (million): 1,404.33
Total Area: 9,600,000km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 5.23 Renminbi (CNY) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: National Day, 1 October
Language(s): Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, other languages

Political Information

Type of State:

Type of Government:
One Party Socialist Republic

Head of State:
President XI Jinping

Head of Government:
Premier LI Keqiang

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: WANG Yi
Commerce: ZHONG Shan

Main Political Parties:
Chinese Communist Party

Elections:

Economic Information (2020)

Comparative figures
Type China Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 19,372.15 2,162.38
GDP per capita: ($) 13,794.58 56,945.03
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.27 -5.4
Inflation: (%) 2.39 0.72
Unemployment: (%) 3.8 9.6

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $25,162,584,768
Canadian imports from country: $76,479,685,664
FDI in Canada: $24,287 million
CDI in the country: $12,951 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Peiwu Cong

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Dominic Barton

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - China
Year Exports Imports
2016 $20,972,995,893 $64,384,832,125
2017 $23,610,688,425 $70,928,228,859
2018 $27,689,091,049 $75,569,900,495
2019 $23,271,994,553 $75,012,202,743
2020 $25,162,584,768 $76,479,685,664
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - China
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $2,799,827,578 $465,107,630
02 Veg. Prod. $4,433,684,130 $581,132,901
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $1,116,920,387 $19,248,030
04 Food Prod. $927,237,232 $651,011,044
05 Mineral Prod. $5,269,723,763 $121,487,954
06 Chemical Prod. $1,791,746,768 $2,590,394,598
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $562,323,357 $4,865,949,810
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $92,254,319 $833,072,230
09 Wood Prod. $948,089,591 $696,159,947
10 Paper Prod. $3,209,055,873 $1,026,729,190
11 Textiles Prod. $118,277,011 $8,446,782,060
12 Dress Access. $4,520,267 $1,324,545,719
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $12,443,242 $1,414,804,601
14 Precious Metals/stones $3,241,378 $321,047,294
15 Base Metal Prod. $852,065,386 $5,776,129,457
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $943,067,103 $33,747,225,221
17 Vehicles and Equip. $1,369,465,986 $2,978,455,947
18 Specialized Inst. $583,608,023 $1,703,382,488
19 Arms & Ammunition $98,822 $24,941,183
20 Misc. Articles $51,289,253 $8,735,294,006
21 Antiques $2,876,652 $8,994,180


May 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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