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Canada-Ethiopia fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

General Information

Capital: Addis Ababa
Population (million): 95.64
Total Area: 1,127,127km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 22.43 Birr (ETB) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: 28 May, Downfall of the Dergue
Language(s): Amharic, Tigrigna, Oromifa, Guaragigna, Somali, English, other local languages

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal Parliamentary Republic

Type of Government:
Executive: President elected by the both chambers of Parliament for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term).The Prime Minister is appointed by the majority party in the House of People’s Representatives. Legislative: Bicameral Parliament–House of People’s Representatives (Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete) (547 members) and House of Federation (Yefedershein Mikir Bete) (153 members).

Head of State:
President Sahle-Work Zewde

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed

Ministers:
Trade: Melaku Alebel
Finance: Ahmed Shide
Foreign Affairs: Gedu Andargachew

Main Political Parties:
Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) and its affiliate parties, Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum (Medrek), Somali People’s Democratic Party (SPDP), Benishangul Gumuz People’s Democratic Party (BGPDP).

Elections:
Last: 2013 (presidential); 2015 (legislative-lower and upper house). Next: 2020 (legislative-lower and upper house).

Economic Information (2019)

Comparative figures
Type Ethiopia Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 119.96 2,277.52
GDP per capita: ($) 1,254.18 60,806.37
GDP growth rate: (%) 8.97 1.64
Inflation: (%) 15.81 1.95
Unemployment: (%) 0 5.67

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $169,728,002
Canadian imports from country: $46,532,692
FDI in Canada (2019): $ million
CDI in the country (2019): $(4) million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Nasise Challi Jira

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Antoine Chevrier

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Ethiopia
Year Exports Imports
2016 $82,278,228 $33,263,171
2017 $87,782,374 $33,210,352
2018 $130,331,124 $39,867,231
2019 $153,603,119 $43,348,091
2020 $169,728,002 $46,532,692
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - Ethiopia
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $ $21,799
02 Veg. Prod. $891,015 $27,907,556
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $58,482 $366
04 Food Prod. $38,689 $1,963,755
05 Mineral Prod. $180 $131
06 Chemical Prod. $633,059 $35,786
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $332,062 $9,130
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $740 $33,969
09 Wood Prod. $13,250 $7,476
10 Paper Prod. $11,669 $6,660
11 Textiles Prod. $37,000 $14,334,125
12 Dress Access. $ $2,061,253
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $10,795 $36,727
14 Precious Metals/stones $4,549,383 $6,380
15 Base Metal Prod. $1,653,047 $396
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $21,821,186 $60,876
17 Vehicles and Equip. $121,551,250 $39,894
18 Specialized Inst. $1,769,089 $798
19 Arms & Ammunition $ $983
20 Misc. Articles $181,113 $2,787
21 Antiques $ $


February 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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