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Canada-Ethiopia fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

General Information

Capital: Addis Ababa
Population (million): 99.70
Total Area: 1,127,127km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 22.43 Birr (ETB) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday: 28 May, Downfall of the Dergue
Language(s): Amharic (official),Oromifa, Somali, Tigrigna, English and other local languages

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal Parliamentary Republic

Type of Government:
Executive: President elected by the both chambers of Parliament for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term).The Prime Minister is appointed by the majority party in the House of People’s Representatives. Legislative: Bicameral Parliament–House of People’s Representatives (Yehizb Tewokayoch Mekir Bete) (547 members) and House of Federation (Yefedershein Mikir Bete) (153 members).

Head of State:
President Sahle-Work Zewde

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed

Ministers:
Deputy PM, Foreign Affairs: Demeke Mekonnen
Trade and Industry: Melaku Alebel
Finance: Ahmed Shide

Main Political Parties:
Prosperity Party (established in December 2019), National Movement of Amhara (NAMA), Ethiopian Citizens for Social Justice (EZEMA), Enat Party, Freedom and Equality Party, All Ethiopian Unity Party, Hibir Ethiopia Democratic Party, New Generation Party, Amhara Democratic Force Movement, Oromo Federalist Congress, Oromo Liberation Front, Social Democratic Party, Ogaden National Liberation Front, Gambella Peoples Liberation Movement, Afar peoples Party, Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front, Sidama Peoples Unity Democratic Party, Sidama Unity Party, Social Democratic Party, Benishangul Peoples Liberation Movement, Baro Democratic Party, Balderas for Genuine Democracy, Tigray People’s Liberation Front (license revoked).

Elections:
Last: 2013 (presidential); 2021 (legislative – lower and upper house)

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type Ethiopia Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 125.70 2,520.82
GDP per capita: ($) 1,260.78 65,944.96
GDP growth rate: (%) 6.26 4.56
Inflation: (%) 26.78 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 0 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $111,790,887
Canadian imports from country: $51,613,343
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in the country: $ million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Vacant

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Jobin

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Ethiopia
Year Exports Imports
2017 $87,782,374 $33,210,352
2018 $130,331,124 $39,867,231
2019 $153,603,119 $43,647,594
2020 $169,731,525 $47,087,381
2021 $111,790,887 $51,613,343
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - Ethiopia
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $ $91,527
02 Veg. Prod. $201,723 $34,366,665
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $ $364,143
04 Food Prod. $19,844 $1,685,394
05 Mineral Prod. $ $
06 Chemical Prod. $532,089 $33,834
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $75,302 $10,266
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $ $269,176
09 Wood Prod. $ $15,226
10 Paper Prod. $10,062 $19,680
11 Textiles Prod. $2,717 $14,016,030
12 Dress Access. $ $201,784
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $50,819 $34,045
14 Precious Metals/stones $1,446,059 $19,826
15 Base Metal Prod. $1,207,584 $2,512
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $19,850,917 $8,467
17 Vehicles and Equip. $85,222,718 $110,181
18 Specialized Inst. $413,973 $145
19 Arms & Ammunition $ $12,831
20 Misc. Articles $92,254 $15,086
21 Antiques $ $200,028


August 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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