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Canada-Germany fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany

General Information

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 82.89
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR) (2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 709 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), and Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Heiko Maas (SPD)
Economics: Peter Altmaier (CDU)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU)

Main Political Parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Social Union (CSU), Alternative for Germany (AfD), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (246), SPD (153), AfD (92), FDP (80), Left Party (69), Alliance 90/The Greens (67)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2022. Bundestag members: 4 year term; next in 2021

Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 5,195.31 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 62,680.53 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.45 1.83
Inflation: (%) 1.93 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 3.39 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2018)

Canadian exports to country: $4,835,871,027
Canadian imports from country: $19,060,878,405
FDI in Canada : $17,008 million
CDI in Germany: $10,481 million

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Sabine Sparwasser

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Dion

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2014 $3,120,887,701 $15,965,271,132
2015 $3,613,052,293 $17,356,383,891
2016 $4,065,270,044 $17,222,567,822
2017 $4,136,444,836 $17,931,866,750
2018 $4,835,871,027 $19,060,878,405

21 HS Sections
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $26,746,360 $43,740,751
02 Veg. Prod. $113,255,041 $93,390,973
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $771,150 $6,596,309
04 Food Prod. $76,437,306 $324,334,240
05 Mineral Prod. $682,911,392 $96,841,415
06 Chemical Prod. $431,534,442 $3,308,200,012
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $58,918,045 $679,564,176
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $9,898,267 $9,750,178
09 Wood Prod. $23,959,905 $134,276,270
10 Paper Prod. $128,542,795 $181,830,592
11 Textiles Prod. $33,261,554 $111,538,665
12 Dress Access. $5,943,878 $36,877,025
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $7,834,919 $178,967,641
14 Precious Metals/stones $318,867,821 $96,878,011
15 Base Metal Prod. $181,644,766 $1,226,816,596
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,317,566,726 $5,987,769,547
17 Vehicles and Equip. $665,519,224 $5,012,900,209
18 Specialized Inst. $332,810,193 $1,137,147,937
19 Arms & Ammunition $23,103,258 $27,466,239
20 Misc. Articles $28,490,651 $254,974,440
21 Antiques $28,029,876 $7,653,111


November 2019
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: