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Canada-Germany fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany

General Information

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 83.16
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 735 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: TBD (In negotiation following elections on 26 September 2021).

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor (Caretaker capacity) Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Heiko Maas (SPD) (Caretaker capacity)
Economics: Peter Altmaier (CDU) (Caretaker capacity)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU) (Caretaker capacity)

Main Political Parties:
Christian Democratic Union/ Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alternative for Germany (AfD), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (196), SPD (206), AfD (83), FDP (92), Left Party (39), Alliance 90/The Greens (118) (Provisional)

Elections:
President: 5-year term, next in 2022. Bundestag members: 4-year term, next in 2025.

Economic Information (2020)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 5,145.03 2,200.85
GDP per capita: ($) 61,868.27 57,958.23
GDP growth rate: (%) -4.56 -5.31
Inflation: (%) 0.37 0.72
Unemployment: (%) 3.83 9.6

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $6,366,814,664
Canadian imports from country: $17,304,281,136
FDI in Canada: $18,224 million
CDI in the country: $14,329 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Sabine Sparwasser

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Dion

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2016 $4,065,270,044 $17,222,567,822
2017 $4,136,454,337 $17,982,822,002
2018 $4,836,119,292 $19,085,675,390
2019 $6,296,887,130 $19,328,890,524
2020 $6,366,814,664 $17,304,281,136
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $24,035,298 $73,341,641
02 Veg. Prod. $376,962,375 $85,309,185
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $658,440 $4,235,354
04 Food Prod. $81,878,064 $309,630,480
05 Mineral Prod. $1,092,040,897 $76,401,309
06 Chemical Prod. $799,460,038 $3,777,035,628
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $47,556,384 $671,195,917
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $2,855,205 $12,739,702
09 Wood Prod. $18,223,766 $97,746,496
10 Paper Prod. $78,137,193 $154,291,040
11 Textiles Prod. $27,289,437 $107,002,445
12 Dress Access. $2,569,989 $37,727,494
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $6,630,447 $152,138,844
14 Precious Metals/stones $1,236,888,866 $443,812,100
15 Base Metal Prod. $158,360,361 $1,051,692,670
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $982,363,196 $5,583,479,597
17 Vehicles and Equip. $371,285,441 $3,132,720,577
18 Specialized Inst. $382,139,753 $1,074,398,447
19 Arms & Ammunition $5,685,577 $16,974,176
20 Misc. Articles $28,270,212 $231,411,621
21 Antiques $2,363,420 $9,061,139


October 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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