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Canada-Germany fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany

General Information

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 83.20
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 736 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Three party coalition consisting of SPD; Alliance 90/The Greens; FPD.

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Annalena Baerbock (Alliance 90/The Greens)
Vice-Chancellor, Economic Affairs and Climate Action: Robert Habeck (Alliance 90/The Greens)
Vice Chancellor, Finance: Christian Lindner (FDP)

Main Political Parties:
Christian Democratic Union/ Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Alternative for Germany (AfD), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen). Bundestag: SPD (206); CDU/CSU (197); Alliance 90/The Greens (118); FDP (92); AfD (80); Left Party (39); Unaffiliated (4)

Elections:
President: 5-year term, last on Feb. 13 2022. Bundestag members: 4-year term, next in 2025.

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 5,351.12 2,520.82
GDP per capita: ($) 64,319.63 65,944.96
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.79 4.56
Inflation: (%) 3.21 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 3.52 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $6,889,130,699
Canadian imports from country: $19,036,449,597
FDI in Canada: $18,281 million
CDI in the country: $14,073 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Sabine Sparwasser

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Dion

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2017 $4,136,454,337 $17,982,822,002
2018 $4,828,312,792 $19,086,162,505
2019 $6,294,397,270 $19,330,663,963
2020 $6,379,319,601 $17,276,738,325
2021 $6,889,130,699 $19,036,449,597
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $25,271,486 $130,984,272
02 Veg. Prod. $144,245,022 $83,086,065
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $376,934 $6,544,108
04 Food Prod. $86,122,019 $329,195,485
05 Mineral Prod. $1,668,970,822 $98,417,082
06 Chemical Prod. $575,353,714 $4,099,715,327
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $66,591,544 $742,690,600
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $5,000,923 $12,364,934
09 Wood Prod. $36,044,968 $130,450,276
10 Paper Prod. $62,176,787 $163,861,295
11 Textiles Prod. $32,062,872 $118,898,825
12 Dress Access. $987,051 $39,769,301
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $6,710,482 $195,048,230
14 Precious Metals/stones $949,069,279 $596,417,977
15 Base Metal Prod. $251,051,518 $1,225,942,872
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,059,068,837 $5,721,279,592
17 Vehicles and Equip. $457,199,172 $3,860,021,686
18 Specialized Inst. $386,452,245 $1,159,356,696
19 Arms & Ammunition $2,598,763 $24,061,270
20 Misc. Articles $28,693,871 $233,959,741
21 Antiques $7,308,055 $7,109,047


May 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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