Language selection

Search

Canada-Germany fact sheet

PDF Version

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Germany

General Information

Capital: Berlin
Population (million): 82.89
Total Area: 357,021km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR) (2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: October 3 - Day of German Unity
Language(s): German

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a Bundestag (Federal Assembly- 709 seats) and a Bundesrat (Federal Council - 69 seats). The Bundesrat is determined by the composition of the state-level governments. Chancellor elected by an absolute majority of the Bundestag. Cabinet appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Chancellor. Administrative divisions: 16 Länder (states). Governing coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union (CSU), and Social Democratic Party (SPD).

Head of State:
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Head of Government:
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Heiko Maas (SPD)
Economics: Peter Altmaier (CDU)
Development: Gerd Müller (CSU)

Main Political Parties:
Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Social Union (CSU), Alternative for Germany (AfD), Free Democratic Party (FDP), Left Party (Die Linke), Alliance 90/The Greens (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen). Bundestag: CDU/CSU (246), SPD (153), AfD (92), FDP (80), Left Party (69), Alliance 90/The Greens (67)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2022. Bundestag members: 4 year term; next in 2021

Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type Germany Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 5,195.31 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 62,680.53 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 1.45 1.83
Inflation: (%) 1.93 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 3.39 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2019)

Canadian exports to country: $6,293,125,316
Canadian imports from country: $19,224,430,210
FDI in Canada (2018): $17,008 million
CDI in the country (2018): $10,481 million

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Sabine Sparwasser

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Stéphane Dion

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Germany
Year Exports Imports
2015 $3,613,052,293 $17,356,383,891
2016 $4,065,270,044 $17,222,567,822
2017 $4,136,454,337 $17,982,822,002
2018 $4,836,119,292 $19,085,675,390
2019 $6,293,125,316 $19,224,430,210
21 HS Sections (2019)
Canada - Germany
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $27,870,914 $52,128,245
02 Veg. Prod. $296,757,387 $90,906,692
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $1,156,350 $3,614,656
04 Food Prod. $80,534,074 $328,351,471
05 Mineral Prod. $997,580,528 $77,737,567
06 Chemical Prod. $632,435,181 $3,815,369,285
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $55,300,977 $748,343,720
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $6,654,235 $10,700,705
09 Wood Prod. $21,346,196 $101,615,060
10 Paper Prod. $92,428,301 $164,691,243
11 Textiles Prod. $34,082,940 $113,438,580
12 Dress Access. $3,724,782 $54,791,150
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $9,513,020 $167,205,556
14 Precious Metals/stones $706,174,410 $128,919,906
15 Base Metal Prod. $160,687,069 $1,255,208,183
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,316,047,302 $5,980,392,348
17 Vehicles and Equip. $920,225,154 $4,474,036,106
18 Specialized Inst. $387,739,854 $1,135,293,549
19 Arms & Ammunition $9,016,705 $27,204,151
20 Misc. Articles $28,232,875 $266,951,959
21 Antiques $68,633,044 $20,498,229


February 2020
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: