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Canada-India fact sheet

Official Title:
Republic of India

General Information

Capital: New Delhi
Population (million): 1,378.60
Total Area: 3,287,263km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 53.66 Indian Rupee (INR) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: Republic Day, 26 January; Independence Day, 15 August
Language(s): 22 official languages (primarily Hindi); English often used in business.

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Bicameral parliament

Head of State:
President Ram Nath Kovind

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Subrahmanyam Jaishankar
Defence: Raj Nath Singh
Commerce and Industry: Piyush Goyal
Home Affairs: Amit Shah

Main Political Parties:
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP - Currently in government), India National Congress (INC), All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), All India Trinamool Congress (AITC), Biju Janata Dal (BJD).

Elections:
Last: 11 April to 19 May 2019.

Economic Information (2020)

Comparative figures
Type India Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 3,564.17 2,162.38
GDP per capita: ($) 2,585.36 56,945.03
GDP growth rate: (%) -7.96 -5.4
Inflation: (%) 6.2 0.72
Unemployment: (%) 0 9.6

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $3,677,264,876
Canadian imports from country: $4,963,953,828
FDI in Canada: $(83) million
CDI in the country: $1,982 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
High Commissioner-designate Ajay Bisaria

Canadian Representation Abroad:
High Commissioner Nadir Patel

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - India
Year Exports Imports
2016 $3,983,154,418 $4,038,455,065
2017 $4,278,372,725 $4,158,587,371
2018 $4,299,462,666 $5,125,241,081
2019 $4,841,081,795 $5,282,531,051
2020 $3,677,264,876 $4,963,953,828
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - India
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $1,734,809 $160,426,203
02 Veg. Prod. $710,754,333 $365,818,373
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $17,481,773 $27,911,178
04 Food Prod. $8,382,212 $213,306,701
05 Mineral Prod. $893,319,704 $74,677,307
06 Chemical Prod. $691,473,916 $1,046,402,980
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $33,719,550 $205,646,230
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $145,552 $51,442,118
09 Wood Prod. $7,728,216 $13,335,887
10 Paper Prod. $373,287,471 $18,290,194
11 Textiles Prod. $11,524,126 $739,774,905
12 Dress Access. $86,073 $32,617,907
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $2,756,166 $79,437,878
14 Precious Metals/stones $334,865,916 $329,525,939
15 Base Metal Prod. $255,182,157 $684,567,366
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $227,583,314 $477,377,790
17 Vehicles and Equip. $19,974,036 $274,441,394
18 Specialized Inst. $62,776,442 $47,093,377
19 Arms & Ammunition $88,805 $1,891,982
20 Misc. Articles $6,861,616 $115,067,249
21 Antiques $87,826 $1,100,465


May 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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