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Canada-Mexico fact sheet

Official Title:
United Mexican States

General Information

Capital: Mexico
Population (million): 128.97
Total Area: 1,972,550km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 14.61 Peso (MXN) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday: September 16 (1810 Independence Day)
Language(s): Spanish

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional republican federation

Type of Government:
Federal Republic, bicameral congress, 128-member Senate (64 first-past-the-post, 32 proportional representation and 32 first minority in each state) and 500-member Chamber of Deputies (300 first-past- the-post and 200 proportional representation), with 31 states andMexico City, the capital and 32nd federal entity.

Head of State:
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (MORENA)

Head of Government:
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (MORENA)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Marcelo Ebrard
Interior: Adan Augusto Lopez Hernandez
Economy: Tatiana Clouthier Carillo

Main Political Parties:
Chamber of Deputies Seats / Senate Seats: MORENA: Movimiento de Regeneración Nacional - 259/59; PAN: Partido Acción Nacional - 78/24; PRI: Partido Revolucionario Institucional - 47/14; PES: Partido Encuentro Social - 29/5; MC: Movimiento Ciudadano - 28/8; PT: Partido del Trabajo - 28/6; PVEM: Partido Verde Ecologista de México - 11/6; PRD: Partido de la Revolución Democrática - 11/5; Legislators without party affiliation: 8/1.

Elections:
Presidential and Senate; every six years (2024). Chamber of Deputies: every three years (2021).

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type Mexico Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 1,639.59 2,520.82
GDP per capita: ($) 12,712.72 65,944.96
GDP growth rate: (%) 4.8 4.56
Inflation: (%) 5.69 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 4.14 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $8,188,971,789
Canadian imports from country: $33,491,950,267
FDI in Canada: $2,225 million
CDI in the country: $24,983 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Juan José Ignacio Gómez Camacho

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Graeme C. Clark

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Mexico
Year Exports Imports
2017 $7,855,961,736 $35,488,913,101
2018 $8,217,873,120 $36,812,502,369
2019 $7,322,603,021 $36,991,687,623
2020 $6,155,168,974 $29,952,184,307
2021 $8,188,971,789 $33,491,950,267
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - Mexico
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $620,978,338 $145,044,384
02 Veg. Prod. $1,548,799,852 $2,489,412,902
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $316,135,155 $55,514,864
04 Food Prod. $178,237,283 $736,362,162
05 Mineral Prod. $585,370,039 $425,385,510
06 Chemical Prod. $367,640,640 $730,528,611
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $467,820,188 $763,208,002
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $9,841,874 $20,957,352
09 Wood Prod. $51,193,707 $35,612,181
10 Paper Prod. $155,032,581 $121,498,033
11 Textiles Prod. $103,137,521 $425,866,294
12 Dress Access. $259,147 $27,788,889
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $8,639,757 $328,398,256
14 Precious Metals/stones $49,846,629 $383,880,967
15 Base Metal Prod. $1,112,842,693 $1,317,949,971
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $985,208,531 $12,043,027,612
17 Vehicles and Equip. $1,421,595,328 $10,384,614,441
18 Specialized Inst. $91,050,195 $1,376,715,734
19 Arms & Ammunition $172 $636,271
20 Misc. Articles $49,279,894 $1,416,774,586
21 Antiques $72,837 $836,789


May 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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