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Canada-Netherlands fact sheet

Official Title:
Kingdom of the Netherlands

General Information

Capital: Amsterdam
Population (million): 17.41
Total Area: 41,526km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.68 EURO (EUR) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: April 27, King’s day
Language(s): Dutch, Frisian

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy

Type of Government:
Type of Government Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament called the States General (Parliament) with a 75-seat First Chamber (Senate) and a 150-seat Second Chamber (House of Representatives). Prime Minister appointed by the monarch. Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch on advice from the Prime Minister. Administrative divisions: 12 provinces.

Head of State:
H.M. King Willem-Alexander (Accession 2013)

Head of Government:
Caretaker Prime Minister Mark Rutte

Ministers:
(Caretakers)
Foreign Affairs: Ben Knapen (CDA)
Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation: Tom de Bruijn (D66)
Economic Affairs: Stef Blok (VVD)

Main Political Parties:
People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (Liberal) (VVD); Democrats 66 (D66); Party for Freedom (PVV); Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA); Socialist Party (SP); Labour Party (PvdA); Green Left (GL) Second Chamber of the States General: VVD (34), D66 (24), PVV (17), CDA (15), SP (9), PvdA (9), GL (8), Other (33) First Chamber of the States General (Senate): VVD (12), CDA (9), GL (8), D66 (7), Naninga (7), PvdA (6), PVV (5), Other (21)

Elections:
Last: March 17, 2021. Next: No later than March 2025.

Economic Information (2020)

Comparative figures
Type Netherlands Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 1,222.40 2,200.85
GDP per capita: ($) 70,222.35 57,958.23
GDP growth rate: (%) -3.82 -5.31
Inflation: (%) 1.12 0.72
Unemployment: (%) 3.83 9.6

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $5,408,600,153
Canadian imports from country: $3,187,860,705
FDI in Canada: $147,903 million
CDI in the country: $44,795 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador Ines Coppoolse

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Lisa Helfand

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Netherlands
Year Exports Imports
2016 $2,843,145,824 $3,674,402,534
2017 $3,142,580,290 $4,006,220,672
2018 $4,750,979,587 $4,526,551,909
2019 $5,182,701,928 $4,667,993,291
2020 $5,408,600,153 $3,187,860,705
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - Netherlands
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $56,745,959 $71,991,859
02 Veg. Prod. $535,629,989 $115,949,012
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $62,106,478 $13,703,003
04 Food Prod. $187,760,501 $311,717,665
05 Mineral Prod. $1,281,385,169 $652,410,872
06 Chemical Prod. $730,697,250 $334,428,950
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $58,416,696 $134,019,189
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $2,824,558 $928,399
09 Wood Prod. $102,169,452 $14,397,659
10 Paper Prod. $32,117,713 $30,966,245
11 Textiles Prod. $108,565,685 $50,338,156
12 Dress Access. $6,340,933 $8,974,711
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $7,814,302 $34,928,855
14 Precious Metals/stones $1,997,510 $528,633
15 Base Metal Prod. $1,305,774,071 $276,281,640
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $440,712,962 $806,553,542
17 Vehicles and Equip. $204,880,460 $175,084,197
18 Specialized Inst. $205,411,496 $111,209,003
19 Arms & Ammunition $6,425,140 $387,984
20 Misc. Articles $8,785,005 $73,720,279
21 Antiques $3,059,136 $945,091


October 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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