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Canada-Romania fact sheet

Official Title:
Romania

General Information

Capital: Bucharest
Population (million): 19.52
Total Area: 238,391km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 3.21 Leu (new) (RON)(2019- Annual average)
National Holiday: December 1, Unification Day (1918)
Language(s): Romanian (official language), Hungarian, German

Political Information

Type of State:
Republic

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral Parliament (Parlamentul României) with a 176-seat Senate (Senatul) and a 412-seat Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputatilor) including seats reserved for ethnic minorities (17). The Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers (on the advice of the Prime Minister, with prior approval by Parliament) are appointed by the President. Administrative divisions: 41 counties and the capital, Bucharest. Governing coalition: Technocratic government led by Prime Minister Ludovic Orban.

Head of State:
President Klaus Iohannis (PNL)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ludovic Orban

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs: Bogdan Aurescu
Defense: Nicolae-Ionel Ciuca
Business Environment, Commerce and Entrepreneurship: Virgil-Daniel POPESCU

Main Political Parties:
Parties with parliamentary representation: Social Democratic Party (PSD), National LiberalParty (PNL), Save Romania Union (USR), Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR); Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE); People’s Movement Party (PMP); National Minorities Chamber of Deputies (seats): PSD (154); PNL (69); USR (30); UDMR (21); ALDE (20); PMP (18); National Minorities (17); Senate (seats): PSD (67), ALDE (9); UDMR (9); PNL (30); USR (13); PMP (8)

Elections:
President: 5 year term; next in 2019. Members of the Senate & Chamber of Deputies: 4 year terms; next parliamentary in 2020.

Economic Information (2019)

Comparative figures
Type Romania Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 320.66 2,277.52
GDP per capita: ($) 16,424.96 60,806.37
GDP growth rate: (%) 4.08 1.64
Inflation: (%) 3.82 1.95
Unemployment: (%) 3.91 5.67

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2019)

Canadian exports to country: $101,719,412
Canadian imports from country: $476,509,609
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in the country: $906 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Bogdan Manoiu

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kevin Hamilton

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Romania
Year Exports Imports
2015 $85,439,657 $320,645,618
2016 $94,183,545 $523,615,347
2017 $143,160,968 $553,314,446
2018 $197,735,106 $510,026,584
2019 $101,719,412 $476,509,609
21 HS Sections (2019)
Canada - Romania
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $6,781,086 $789,809
02 Veg. Prod. $38,995 $3,547,530
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $79,242 $6,900
04 Food Prod. $5,995,638 $3,566,333
05 Mineral Prod. $11,617,867 $497
06 Chemical Prod. $19,950,309 $14,958,086
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $1,079,498 $39,971,419
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $61,162 $4,901,675
09 Wood Prod. $508,894 $7,979,502
10 Paper Prod. $1,545,961 $2,251,934
11 Textiles Prod. $1,188,075 $84,567,350
12 Dress Access. $60,836 $31,611,760
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $17,985 $1,900,758
14 Precious Metals/stones $19,378 $4,054
15 Base Metal Prod. $9,115,138 $81,110,423
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $31,496,255 $131,047,858
17 Vehicles and Equip. $6,042,307 $18,278,327
18 Specialized Inst. $4,264,816 $11,592,542
19 Arms & Ammunition $43,601 $264,818
20 Misc. Articles $547,731 $28,394,216
21 Antiques $4,547 $8,841


September 2020
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: