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Canada-Somalia fact sheet

Official Title:
Federal Republic of Somalia

General Information

Capital: Mogadishu (Muqdisho)
Population (million): .00
Total Area: 637,657km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 440.04 Shilling (SOS) (2019- Annual average)
National Holiday: July 1st
Language(s): Somali, Arabic, Italian, English

Political Information

Type of State:
Federal Parliamentary Republic

Type of Government:
Executive: The President is elected by the Parliament for a single 4-year term. Legislative: Bicameral Parliament (Golaha Shacabka Soomaaliya) - House of the People (275 members) and Upper House (54 members).

Head of State:
President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmajo

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation: Ahmed Isse Awad
Commerce and Industry: Abdullaahi Ali Hasan
Finance: Abdirahman Dualeh Beileh

Main Political Parties:
The Federal Government of Somalia has yet to pass a law recognizing political parties, and elections to Parliament been distributed since 2000 in accordance with the 4.5 power-sharing formula between the clans. This system renders it difficult for political parties to operate, especially in the absence of a political party law. Nevertheless, some parties have formed groups with the main ones being opposition parties to the government such as Democratic Party of Somalia, Democratic Green Party of Somalia, Somali National Party, Peace and Development PartyForum for National Federations (FNP), a coalition of six opposition parties.

Elections:
Last: 2017 (presidential); 2016 (legislative - lower house); 2016 (legislative - upper house). Next: 2021 (presidential); 2020 (legislative).

Economic Information (2019)

Comparative figures
Type Somalia Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 6.52 2,277.52
GDP per capita: ($) .00 60,806.37
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.9 1.64
Inflation: (%) 0 1.95
Unemployment: (%) 0 5.67

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2019)

Canadian exports to country: $5,089,394
Canadian imports from country: $1,004,062
FDI in Canada: $ million
CDI in the country: $ million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
vacant

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Lisa Stadelbauer (Nairobi)

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - Somalia
Year Exports Imports
2015 $1,411,009 $313,203
2016 $2,457,273 $290,202
2017 $6,398,335 $311,311
2018 $8,320,038 $779,610
2019 $5,089,394 $1,004,062
21 HS Sections (2019)
Canada - Somalia
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $15,833 $46,147
02 Veg. Prod. $120,035 $281,110
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $ $
04 Food Prod. $ $
05 Mineral Prod. $ $1
06 Chemical Prod. $ $455,549
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $12,726 $16,217
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $ $645
09 Wood Prod. $9,000 $
10 Paper Prod. $37,741 $95
11 Textiles Prod. $173,451 $
12 Dress Access. $ $
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $ $3,555
14 Precious Metals/stones $ $
15 Base Metal Prod. $3,718 $31,229
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $1,392,180 $38,157
17 Vehicles and Equip. $597,173 $11,165
18 Specialized Inst. $143,123 $119,353
19 Arms & Ammunition $ $
20 Misc. Articles $4,848 $839
21 Antiques $ $


September 2020
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: