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Canada-United Kingdom fact sheet

Official Title:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

General Information

Capital: London
Population (million): 67.53
Total Area: 244,820km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.59 Pound (GBP) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday:
Language(s): English, Scots, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic, Irish, Ulster Scots, Cornish

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy

Type of Government:
Parliamentary democracy. Bicameral parliament with a 650-seat House of Commons and a House of Lords (upper house). Prime Minister (leader of the largest party or coalition in parliament). Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister. Administrative divisions: 3 devolved assemblies, 9 English regions, and 418 local authorities. Governing party: Conservative Party.

Head of State:
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Accession 1952)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister Boris Johnson (Con)

Ministers:
Foreign Affairs, Commonwealth and Development Secretary: Elizabeth (Liz) Truss
Trade Secretary: Anne-Marie Trevelyan
Defence Secretary: Ben Wallace

Main Political Parties:
Conservative (Con), Labour (Lab), Scottish National Party (SNP), Liberal Democrat (LibDem), Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), Sinn Féin (SF), Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) (PC), Green Party, Alliance, Social Democratic & Labour Party (SDLP), Alba Party. House of Commons: Con (363) , Lab (199) , SNP (45) , Independent (6), LibDem (12) , DUP (8), SF (7) , PC (3), Green party (1) , SDLP (2) , Alliance (1), Alba Party (2), Speaker (1).

Elections:
Monarchy is hereditary. House of Commons (5 year term). Next on May 2, 2024.

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type United Kingdom Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 4,036.36 2,520.82
GDP per capita: ($) 59,770.76 65,944.96
GDP growth rate: (%) 7.44 4.56
Inflation: (%) 2.59 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 4.5 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $16,217,509,895
Canadian imports from country: $7,870,457,288
FDI in Canada: $73,548 million
CDI in the country: $127,697 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
High Commissioner Susannah Goshko

Canadian Representation Abroad:
High Commissioner Ralph Goodale

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United Kingdom
Year Exports Imports
2017 $17,694,416,189 $8,904,038,995
2018 $16,605,556,764 $9,210,539,911
2019 $19,801,910,444 $9,226,998,889
2020 $19,923,848,728 $7,844,375,191
2021 $16,217,509,895 $7,870,457,288
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - United Kingdom
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $103,384,300 $100,653,130
02 Veg. Prod. $502,924,768 $46,557,446
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $8,001,097 $13,385,408
04 Food Prod. $242,445,766 $528,792,074
05 Mineral Prod. $871,010,231 $347,344,285
06 Chemical Prod. $798,515,986 $1,247,544,913
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $102,713,924 $211,995,679
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $2,251,216 $4,861,835
09 Wood Prod. $368,101,224 $3,668,957
10 Paper Prod. $96,748,349 $124,487,026
11 Textiles Prod. $77,884,124 $68,437,248
12 Dress Access. $6,057,802 $10,460,648
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $14,956,262 $40,617,519
14 Precious Metals/stones $11,179,814,921 $646,014,223
15 Base Metal Prod. $193,371,310 $418,485,291
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $742,667,714 $1,695,961,368
17 Vehicles and Equip. $497,139,518 $1,687,694,908
18 Specialized Inst. $269,448,768 $385,604,161
19 Arms & Ammunition $14,187,354 $3,535,916
20 Misc. Articles $44,718,825 $85,309,352
21 Antiques $9,377,772 $27,137,314


May 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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