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Canada-United States fact sheet

Official Title:
United States of America

General Information

Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population (million): 332.18
Total Area: 9,629,091 km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.76 US $ (USD) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
Language(s): English

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitution based Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Legislative: Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms). Executive: Cabinet appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Head of State:
President Joe Biden

Head of Government:
President Joe Biden

Ministers:
Vice President: Kamala Harris
Secretary of State: Antony Blinken

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party; Republican Party

Elections:
(4 year terms) Last: Nov. 3, 2020; Next: Nov. 5, 2024

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type United States Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 29,119.02 2,517.75
GDP per capita: ($) 87,659.55 65,864.62
GDP growth rate: (%) 5.67 4.54
Inflation: (%) 4.69 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 5.36 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $ 476,350,791,459
Canadian imports from country: $ 297,726,083,870
FDI in Canada: $ 500,690 million
CDI in the country: $ 744,947 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador David Louis Cohen

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kirsten Hillman

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United States
Year Exports Imports
2017 $ 414,184,326,912 $ 288,857,137,244
2018 $ 437,847,600,547 $ 304,591,186,618
2019 $ 446,078,296,152 $ 305,266,574,077
2020 $ 383,045,502,475 $ 265,212,845,949
2021 $ 476,350,791,459 $ 297,726,083,870
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - United States
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $ 12,724,198,422 $ 4,449,838,487
02 Veg. Prod. $ 9,215,496,029 $ 8,879,655,418
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $ 4,697,372,866 $ 646,156,639
04 Food Prod. $ 20,087,625,363 $ 16,866,751,749
05 Mineral Prod. $ 139,427,786,330 $ 31,815,917,494
06 Chemical Prod. $ 30,049,569,934 $ 32,526,740,090
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $ 23,151,275,255 $ 20,912,129,984
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $ 295,016,833 $ 177,624,868
09 Wood Prod. $ 24,396,056,269 $ 2,877,154,639
10 Paper Prod. $ 11,292,187,159 $ 8,220,952,020
11 Textiles Prod. $ 3,113,395,154 $ 2,617,209,642
12 Dress Access. $ 252,111,507 $ 110,508,551
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $ 2,344,238,055 $ 3,677,801,572
14 Precious Metals/stones $ 10,891,975,910 $ 7,863,521,952
15 Base Metal Prod. $ 43,061,172,457 $ 20,500,441,647
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $ 43,497,030,574 $ 51,933,857,422
17 Vehicles and Equip. $ 58,311,923,329 $ 57,728,001,320
18 Specialized Inst. $ 5,680,876,451 $ 7,149,971,809
19 Arms & Ammunition $ 289,294,274 $ 271,964,944
20 Misc. Articles $ 8,713,047,918 $ 5,036,042,594
21 Antiques $ 150,981,124 $ 139,508,526


December 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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