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Canada-United States fact sheet

Official Title:
United States of America

General Information

Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population (million): 330.09
Total Area: 9,629,091km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.76 US $ (USD) (2020- Annual average)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
Language(s): English

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitution based Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Legislative: Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms). Executive: Cabinet appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Head of State:
President Joe Biden

Head of Government:
President Joe Biden

Ministers:
Vice President: Kamala Harris
Secretary of State: Antony Blinken

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party; Republican Party

Elections:
(4 year terms) Last: Nov. 3, 2020; Next: Nov. 5, 2024

Economic Information (2020)

Comparative figures
Type United States Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 27,543.09 2,162.38
GDP per capita: ($) 83,442.09 56,945.03
GDP growth rate: (%) -3.5 -5.4
Inflation: (%) 1.25 0.72
Unemployment: (%) 8.11 9.6

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2020)

Canadian exports to country: $383,795,000,000
Canadian imports from country: $264,121,000,000
FDI in Canada: $456,781 million
CDI in the country: $669,087 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Katherine Brucker

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kirsten Hillman

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United States
Year Exports Imports
2016 $394,183,000,000 $278,206,000,000
2017 $414,184,000,000 $288,857,000,000
2018 $437,949,000,000 $304,606,000,000
2019 $446,604,000,000 $305,191,000,000
2020 $383,795,000,000 $264,121,000,000
21 HS Sections (2020)
Canada - United States
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $9,501,047,182 $3,737,936,666
02 Veg. Prod. $8,804,018,648 $8,322,990,400
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $2,822,442,669 $495,232,915
04 Food Prod. $18,150,702,181 $16,225,322,236
05 Mineral Prod. $86,001,770,620 $24,767,921,498
06 Chemical Prod. $24,946,414,379 $27,044,977,167
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $18,241,744,122 $17,533,582,668
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $253,693,412 $157,452,968
09 Wood Prod. $15,236,750,352 $2,340,640,975
10 Paper Prod. $10,442,695,815 $7,820,815,843
11 Textiles Prod. $2,714,166,544 $2,519,045,730
12 Dress Access. $231,945,654 $101,972,601
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $2,297,181,461 $3,391,735,864
14 Precious Metals/stones $10,427,021,682 $7,030,396,411
15 Base Metal Prod. $29,713,802,681 $16,195,811,678
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $40,709,890,589 $51,039,172,905
17 Vehicles and Equip. $64,560,292,677 $52,822,736,611
18 Specialized Inst. $5,253,121,162 $6,735,093,738
19 Arms & Ammunition $254,452,782 $303,898,235
20 Misc. Articles $8,200,742,322 $4,949,679,725
21 Antiques $133,555,694 $114,309,332


May 2021
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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