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Canada-United States fact sheet

Official Title:
United States of America

General Information

Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population (million): 327.35
Total Area: 9,629,091km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.77 US $ (USD) (2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
Language(s): English

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitution based Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Legislative: Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms). Executive: Cabinet appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Head of State:
President Donald Trump

Head of Government:
President Donald Trump

Ministers:
Vice President: Mike Pence
Secretary of State: Michael R. Pompeo

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party; Republican Party

Elections:
(4 year terms) Last: Nov. 8, 2016; Next: Nov. 3, 2020

Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type United States Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 26,615.65 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 81,305.96 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.86 1.83
Inflation: (%) 2.44 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 3.89 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2018)

Canadian exports to country: $438,134,575,406
Canadian imports from country: $304,745,040,396
FDI in Canada : $406,051 million
CDI in United States: $594,994 million

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Richard Mills Jr.

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Acting Ambassador Kirsten Hillman

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United States
Year Exports Imports
2014 $404,710,682,316 $278,509,804,806
2015 $402,170,740,947 $285,344,797,571
2016 $394,183,484,500 $278,206,229,370
2017 $414,344,357,838 $288,306,757,837
2018 $438,134,575,406 $304,745,040,396

21 HS Sections
Canada - United States
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $9,072,824,611 $3,646,549,280
02 Veg. Prod. $8,379,098,954 $8,119,361,148
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $2,690,599,515 $452,862,348
04 Food Prod. $16,129,267,998 $15,264,026,295
05 Mineral Prod. $116,719,925,141 $36,816,292,827
06 Chemical Prod. $25,466,035,982 $26,151,307,686
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $19,691,747,157 $19,628,537,826
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $330,479,306 $300,297,256
09 Wood Prod. $14,114,875,215 $2,506,631,116
10 Paper Prod. $12,060,860,117 $8,311,330,110
11 Textiles Prod. $3,272,547,144 $2,791,360,155
12 Dress Access. $409,037,970 $116,021,874
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $2,403,528,537 $3,791,719,132
14 Precious Metals/stones $5,830,099,241 $3,502,931,130
15 Base Metal Prod. $35,676,636,959 $20,521,912,962
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $47,111,705,628 $59,009,895,810
17 Vehicles and Equip. $78,716,365,214 $70,706,746,326
18 Specialized Inst. $5,751,110,452 $7,453,893,199
19 Arms & Ammunition $184,574,940 $283,696,282
20 Misc. Articles $8,952,807,021 $6,127,715,965
21 Antiques $209,985,818 $169,087,499


November 2019
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: