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Canada-United States fact sheet

Official Title:
United States of America

General Information

Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population (million): 332.18
Total Area: 9,629,091km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.76 US $ (USD) (2021- Annual average)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
Language(s): English

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitution based Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Legislative: Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms). Executive: Cabinet appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Head of State:
President Joe Biden

Head of Government:
President Joe Biden

Ministers:
Vice President: Kamala Harris
Secretary of State: Antony Blinken

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party; Republican Party

Elections:
(4 year terms) Last: Nov. 3, 2020; Next: Nov. 5, 2024

Economic Information (2021)

Comparative figures
Type United States Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 29,120.82 2,520.82
GDP per capita: ($) 87,664.98 65,944.96
GDP growth rate: (%) 5.68 4.56
Inflation: (%) 4.68 3.4
Unemployment: (%) 5.36 7.43

Source: IMF (estimates)

Product Trade and Investment (2021)

Canadian exports to country: $477,000,000,000
Canadian imports from country: $298,000,000,000
FDI in Canada: $500,690 million
CDI in the country: $744,947 million

Source: Statistics Canada

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Ambassador David Louis Cohen

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Ambassador Kirsten Hillman

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United States
Year Exports Imports
2017 $414,000,000,000 $289,000,000,000
2018 $438,000,000,000 $305,000,000,000
2019 $446,000,000,000 $305,000,000,000
2020 $383,000,000,000 $265,000,000,000
2021 $477,000,000,000 $298,000,000,000
21 HS Sections (2021)
Canada - United States
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $12,724,020,525 $4,449,475,949
02 Veg. Prod. $9,183,009,850 $8,876,381,309
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $4,655,890,481 $650,207,888
04 Food Prod. $20,091,854,964 $16,869,411,058
05 Mineral Prod. $139,420,897,540 $
06 Chemical Prod. $30,134,887,661 $
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $23,165,705,553 $
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $295,443,432 $177,553,944
09 Wood Prod. $24,400,482,102 $2,874,020,906
10 Paper Prod. $11,294,222,157 $8,221,130,062
11 Textiles Prod. $3,119,449,948 $2,616,453,028
12 Dress Access. $252,716,963 $110,510,449
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $2,345,642,061 $3,677,844,680
14 Precious Metals/stones $10,892,959,152 $7,863,448,198
15 Base Metal Prod. $43,085,837,608 $20,474,441,053
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $43,554,333,907 $51,918,600,675
17 Vehicles and Equip. $58,389,744,782 $57,627,888,096
18 Specialized Inst. $5,683,688,548 $7,147,873,948
19 Arms & Ammunition $289,581,677 $271,882,437
20 Misc. Articles $8,751,257,947 $5,037,297,971
21 Antiques $150,781,818 $139,534,112


May 2022
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

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