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Canada-United States fact sheet

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Official Title:
United States of America

General Information

Capital: Washington, D.C.
Population (million): 327.35
Total Area: 9,629,091km2
Currency: 1 CAN$ = 0.77 US $ (USD) (2018- Annual average)
National Holiday: Independence Day, 4 July (1776)
Language(s): English

Political Information

Type of State:
Constitution based Federal Republic

Type of Government:
Legislative: Bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms). Executive: Cabinet appointed by the President with Senate approval.

Head of State:
President Donald Trump

Head of Government:
President Donald Trump

Ministers:
Vice President: Mike Pence
Secretary of State: Michael R. Pompeo

Main Political Parties:
Democratic Party; Republican Party

Elections:
(4 year terms) Last: Nov. 8, 2016; Next: Nov. 3, 2020

Economic Information (2018)

Comparative figures
Type United States Canada
GDP: ($ billion) 26,615.65 2,222.58
GDP per capita: ($) 81,305.96 60,078.85
GDP growth rate: (%) 2.86 1.83
Inflation: (%) 2.44 2.24
Unemployment: (%) 3.89 5.82

Product Trade and Investment (2019)

Canadian exports to country: $446,950,499,451
Canadian imports from country: $304,845,323,221
FDI in Canada (2018): $406,051 million
CDI in the country (2018): $594,994 million

Representation

Foreign Representation in Canada:
Chargé d’Affaires Richard Mills Jr.

Canadian Representation Abroad:
Acting Ambassador Kirsten Hillman

Please note that all statistics reflect Canadian dollars, with some figures reflecting the yearly averages for the year. If listed as ’0’ or absent, the figure is unavailable.

Bilateral Product trade
Canada - United States
Year Exports Imports
2015 $402,170,740,947 $285,344,797,571
2016 $394,183,484,500 $278,206,229,370
2017 $414,184,326,912 $288,857,137,244
2018 $437,948,769,917 $304,605,808,396
2019 $446,950,499,451 $304,845,323,221
21 HS Sections (2019)
Canada - United States
Section Exports Imports
01 Animal & Prod. $9,885,092,063 $3,688,735,769
02 Veg. Prod. $8,162,049,123 $8,353,675,102
03 Fats, Oils & Waxes Prod. $2,797,614,353 $413,574,187
04 Food Prod. $17,319,860,838 $15,681,541,607
05 Mineral Prod. $121,308,322,148 $35,921,521,374
06 Chemical Prod. $25,946,586,994 $26,473,285,788
07 Plastics, Rubber Prod. $19,168,495,495 $18,970,930,648
08 Leather, Fur Prod. $317,634,932 $268,248,667
09 Wood Prod. $11,934,814,510 $2,476,963,521
10 Paper Prod. $11,564,819,084 $8,240,254,834
11 Textiles Prod. $3,235,344,319 $2,708,867,728
12 Dress Access. $385,920,550 $110,494,196
13 Glass & Stone Prod. $2,392,056,041 $3,673,029,506
14 Precious Metals/stones $6,762,551,140 $4,017,073,125
15 Base Metal Prod. $32,090,769,392 $18,506,461,107
16 Mach. Mech. Elec. Prod. $48,368,006,779 $59,831,619,408
17 Vehicles and Equip. $82,665,295,317 $71,938,823,471
18 Specialized Inst. $5,850,160,439 $7,671,777,021
19 Arms & Ammunition $188,631,514 $264,581,326
20 Misc. Articles $9,397,336,560 $5,894,729,609
21 Antiques $320,564,941 $162,264,532


February 2020
Sources include: Statistics Canada, IMF

Date Modified: