Results around the world – Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a deeply fragile and conflict-affected state. Ongoing conflict for over 35 years has had a destabilizing effect on social cohesion, exacerbating ethnic divisions and weakening government institutions and rule of law. Poverty is deep and widespread, and social indicators are still at very low levels.
Despite significant improvements since 2001, Afghan women still face huge challenges and violence against women is pervasive. Patriarchal society strictly controls the life of a vast majority of Afghan women. This results in restricted freedom of movement and limited access to education, health care, justice and employment.
Integrated into all Canadian programming in Afghanistan is a “Women’s and Girls’ Rights First” approach. Canada supports programming that:
- empowers and promotes women’s and girls’ rights;
- increases women’s economic opportunities;
- reduces women’s vulnerability to climate change;
- improves women’s health and that of their children;
- promotes reproductive rights; and
- increase Afghans’ access to quality basic education.
Further, Canada supports the Government of Afghanistan in its efforts to eliminate all known landmines and other explosive remnants of war from Afghanistan by 2023. This is in line with its commitments under the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention. In addition, Canada supports needs-based, gender-responsive humanitarian action to help save lives , alleviate suffering and support the dignity of those affected by crises.
- In the education sector, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of girls and boys enrolled in schools across the country. Reports from the Afghan Ministry of Education state that 8.9 million Afghan children, 3.4 million of whom are girls, are currently enrolled in formal and community-based schools. In 2001, there were fewer than one million children in school and most were boys. Canada is also supporting community-based education adopted by the Government of Afghanistan, which is an innovative education model that extends the reach of basic education services to rural and remote areas not yet served by government schools.
- During 2017-2018, Canada supported 3,452 women in establishing and managing businesses. As a result, their monthly incomes increased by an average of 302%. Of these supported women, 66% self-identified as survivors of violence.
- In the health sector, Canada supported 58 family health houses established in Daikundi province. These provide lifesaving reproductive health services and information to women such as pre/post-natal care, delivery, family planning, contraception, nutrition counselling and referral, as well as some essential health services to newborns and children under five.
- In collaboration with other donors, Canada has contributed to the removal of approximately 80% of known landmines, unexploded ordnance and explosive remnants of war across Afghanistan.
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