Results around the world – Indonesia
Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country, with a population of more than 260 million. It is an influential global player as a member of APEC, ASEAN and the G20 and a leading voice for moderate Islam, tolerance and pluralism.
Despite strong economic growth, income inequality in Indonesia is the highest in Asia. Twenty eight million Indonesians (over 10% of its population) still live below the poverty line and approximately, 40% of the total population remain vulnerable of falling into poverty, as their income is marginally above the national poverty line.
Gender inequality and sexual and reproductive health and rights are also significant challenges in Indonesia:
- One in four girls marries before the age of 18.
- One in two girls under age 12 has undergone some form of female genital mutilation and cutting.
- Two in five women are victims of gender-based violence.
- 60% of women’s employment is considered vulnerable, without social protection to guard against shocks.
- Female employment is concentrated in unpaid work, low-wage jobs and the informal sector. Social and legal discrimination constrains women’s access to resources, services and finance.
While Indonesia is one of the world’s leading nations in terms of biodiversity, it has one of the highest deforestation rates. Dependence on fossil fuels and management challenges related to forest and carbon-rich peatlands place Indonesia among the top 10 emitters of greenhouse gases.
Canada and Indonesia share over 60 years of collaboration. Canada has provided nearly $2 billion in official development assistance to Indonesia and aims to support the Government of Indonesia’s reform agenda for inclusive economic growth and the Sustainable Development Goals.
Through the Canada-Indonesia Trade and Private Sector Assistance project, eight Indonesian women-led enterprises increased their export opportunities to Canada and internationally, providing income for hundreds of micro-suppliers, many of whom are women.
The Indonesia Agribusiness Development project provided customized training and business development services to 9,348 smallholder farmers (22% women).
The Advancing Democracy through a Strong and Inclusive Electoral Process project is increasing the participation and empowerment of women, youth and marginalized groups in the electoral process. Through Canada’s support, 216 women representing 12 political parties increased their awareness about women’s under-representation in politics, and 251 women candidates and parliamentarians strengthened their skills in public and media outreach, constituency relations, campaigning, messaging and fundraising.
Canada is also advancing development innovation and increasing wealth and food security through the Integrated Cooperative Business Model project, whereby some 27% of trained farmers are adopting best practices in aquaculture and are sharing their experiences and techniques with other farmers. Through the project Power Up: Shaping Women’s Future through Technology, women and marginalized groups in 52 Indonesian villages are engaged via mobile and web-based technology in democratic processes.
The Nutrition International project works to improve health and well-being across Indonesia, as the country aims to meet its health challenges. In this regard, 7.1 million children aged 6-59 months of age received two doses of vitamin A supplementation and a total of 1.2 million pregnant women received iron and folic acid supplementation. Salt processors were assisted to iodize an additional 284,000 metric ton of salt.
The Risk Management, Economic Sustainability and Actuarial Science Development project is making good progress in strengthening the actuarial science profession in Indonesia, in terms of:
- raising awareness of the attractiveness of the profession in high schools and families, including among women
- strengthening the capacity and partnership of nine universities to deliver an actuarial science stream, including with coop terms with the full support of industry
- strengthening the capacity of the Government of Indonesia’s financial regulator and the Society of Actuaries of Indonesia to support and manage the profession
- improving collaboration and information sharing between key actuarial science stakeholders, leading to greater efficiencies
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