Results around the world – Tanzania
Tanzania is one of the most peaceful and stable countries in Africa. It has enjoyed sustained GDP growth averaging approximately 7% since 2002. Accompanying this growth has been modest progress in reducing poverty rates, but with solid gains in areas such as health, education, child mortality and water access.
Nonetheless, Tanzania remains a low-income country, with almost half the population of 55 million living on less than US$1.90 a day and over 56% of the population considered as living in multidimensional poverty (which takes into account such factors as health, education and standard of living). Tanzania ranks 151st out of 188 countries on the United Nations Development Programme’s 2016 Human Development Index. Disparity is increasing between rural and urban areas.
Patriarchal norms and pervasive gender inequalities, particularly in rural or remote areas, mean that poverty often affects women and girls more than men and boys. In addition to these gender inequalities, a number of other factors impede Tanzania’s ability to translate economic growth into sustained and inclusive poverty reduction.
Tanzania has expressed commitments to reaching targeted sustainable development goals by 2030 as well as middle-income country status by 2025, and is currently implementing its second Five-Year Development Plan, 2016/17 to 2020/21. In this period, Tanzania is focusing significant effort on advancing an agenda to industrialize the country’s economy. Long lauded in the region for its commitment to democracy and inclusion, Tanzania is facing growing challenges related to democratic freedoms and human rights.
In 2017-18, Canada’s assistance to Tanzania was aligned with the Government of Tanzania’s goals and aimed at reducing poverty and inequality. It did this by seeking to increase the well-being and livelihoods of women, men and children in Tanzania by advancing elements of Canada’s Feminist International Assistance Policy, including in the action areas of human dignity, growth that works for everyone, gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. Canada’s efforts promote healthier, better-educated citizens and support policies, programs and projects that will generate inclusive growth.
Canada’s assistance in health focuses on enhancing health systems and services, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, specifically addressing reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health. In education, Canadian support concentrates on improving the quality of education, especially for girls, through improved teacher training. Canada’s efforts to promote sustainable economic growth are supporting a better business environment for small and medium enterprises, building skills for employment and economically empowering women.
In addition to Canada’s bilateral programming, Tanzania also benefits from multilateral initiatives such as the Global Partnership for Education as well by support obtained through Canadian civil society organizations, such as Canada World Youth, working in collaboration with Tanzanian partners.
Through the strengthening of health systems, Canadian support contributed to increasing the rate of institutional deliveries of newborns to 72% from the 2016 baseline figure of 65%. Canada’s investments also trained 5,464 community and facility health-care workers on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), and newborn health; helped 118 midwives to graduate with improved family planning and emergency obstetric care skills, enabling them to be deployed to work in hard-to-reach areas; and provided 246,749 people with information on SRHR, family planning, nutrition and child health.
Canada supported the Government of Tanzania’s efforts to upgrade teacher training colleges to enhance the quality of teachers graduating into the profession. Education programming supported the training of 3,526 teachers according to national standards on gender and environmentally sensitive curricula, and helped 1,561 schools implement changes to create welcoming spaces that respond to the specific needs of girls, including transforming classrooms into stimulating learning environments and creating reading corners. Reading clubs were implemented and support provided to a Tanzanian NGO fostering community engagement and government accountability in basic education.
During 2017, Canada’s support helped to improve access to financing services for the poor by digitizing savings groups that served a total of 180,000 savers. As well, Canada helped develop elements of the Tanzanian government’s Blueprint for Regulatory Reforms to Improve the Business Environment. Canada supported 8,000 small entrepreneurs and 154 small firms to improve their business and technical skills.
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