Results around the world – West Bank and Gaza

Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza face significant governance, economic, humanitarian, and peace and security challenges, including significant gender inequality. A quarter of the population lives in poverty. Food insecurity and violence are widespread, and Palestinians face unemployment rates that are among the highest in the world, with women and youth particularly affected. The private sector is unable to generate sufficient jobs or tax revenues. Significant humanitarian needs exist in Gaza and, to a lesser extent, in the West Bank. Progress toward peace is constrained by challenges related to internal Palestinian divisions and the unresolved conflict with Israel. The Palestinian Authority current lacks control of Gaza, and its ability to govern is restricted by its limited jurisdiction over much of the West Bank. In addition, Palestinian development is highly dependent on donors.

Canada’s international assistance is intended to address the development and humanitarian needs of vulnerable Palestinians, while advancing the cause of peace, by supporting the Palestinian people to build conditions that are necessary for a two-state solution. Based on its Feminist International Assistance Policy, Canada seeks to prioritize investments that have the greatest potential to close gender gaps, eliminate barriers to gender equality, and empower Palestinian women and girls.

Canada’s international assistance in support of the Palestinian population is centred on two main objectives: sustaining the resilience of the poorest and most vulnerable Palestinians (by protecting human dignity and fostering growth that works for everyone); and supporting Palestinian institutions (by promoting inclusive governance, and peace and security). To deliver on these objectives, Canada will continue to work with civil society partners, the private sector, United Nations agencies and other international organizations, and with the Palestinian Authority. These objectives also support Canadian diplomatic efforts by helping to establish a law-based, peaceful and prosperous society that can ultimately become a state for the Palestinians and a stable and secure neighbour for Israel.

Canada exercises enhanced due diligence for all humanitarian and development assistance funding provided to Palestinians. This includes ongoing oversight, regular site visits, a systematic screening process, and strong anti-terrorism provisions in funding agreements. These measures are in place to ensure that funds are not misused or diverted to terrorist groups.

Key results

In 2017-18:

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