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Dispute Settlement

U.S. Trade Remedy Law: The Canadian Experience

V  United States Countervailing Duty Investigations regarding Imports from Canada: Case Histories, 1991–1999

Note: Unlike the summaries covering the U.S. anti-dumping duty investigations regardin imports from Canada, the summaries with respect to U.S. countervailing duty investigations involving Canada do not include a separate section on Canadian government participation in these proceedings. By definition, countervailing duty investigations concern government programs, both federal and provincial. Accordingly, the provincial and/or federal governments are direct participants in the proceedings. For the most part it has become standard for the Government of Canada to participate not only as a direct respondent but as occasional coordinator of overall strategy for all Canadian parties, both governments and industry, involved in the investigation. Participation by the Government of Canada in the proceedings has thus become an essential element of the investigations. In view of their economic significance and role in the evolution of U.S. countervailing duty law, policy and practice, case summaries are included of all three countervailing duty investigations conducted by the Department of Commerce over the past two decades regarding softwood lumber from Canada.