Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement
Part Two - Trade in Goods
Chapter 4 – National Treatment and Other Border Measures
Article 4.1: National Treatment
1. Each Party shall accord national treatment to the goods of the other Party in accordance with Article III of the GATT 1994, including its interpretative notes, and to this end Article III of GATT 1994 and its interpretative notes, or any equivalent provision of a successor agreement to which both Parties are party, are incorporated into and made part of this Agreement.
2. Paragraph 1 does not apply to the measures set out in Annex 4.1.
Technical Barriers to Trade
Article 4.2: Technical Barriers to Trade
1. The rights and obligations of the Parties relating to standards-related measures shall be governed by the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, part of Annex 1A of the WTO Agreement.
2. The Parties shall endeavour to enter into an agreement on mutual recognition respecting conformity assessment.
Article 4.3: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
1. The rights and obligations of the Parties relating to sanitary and phytosanitary measures shall be governed by the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, part of Annex 1A of the WTO Agreement.
Article 4.4: Import and Export Restrictions
1. Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, neither Party may adopt or maintain any prohibition or restriction on the importation of any good of the other Party or on the exportation or sale for export of any good destined for the territory of the other Party, except in accordance with Article XI of GATT 1994, including its interpretative notes. To this end Article XI of GATT 1994 and its interpretative notes, or any equivalent provisions of a successor agreements to which both Parties are party, are incorporated into and made a part of this Agreement.
2. The Parties reaffirm that the GATT 1994 rights and obligations incorporated by paragraph 1 prohibit, in any circumstances in which any other form of restriction is prohibited, export price requirements and, except as permitted in enforcement of countervailing and antidumping orders and undertakings, import price requirements.
3. In the event that a Party adopts or maintains a prohibition or restriction on the importation from or exportation to a non-Party of a good, nothing in this Agreement shall be construed to prevent the Party from:
(a) limiting or prohibiting the importation from the territory of the other Party of such good of that non-Party; or
(b) requiring as a condition of export of such good of the Party to the territory of the other Party, that the good not be re-exported to the non-Party, directly or indirectly, without being consumed in the territory of the other Party.
4. In the event that a Party adopts or maintains a prohibition or restriction on the importation of a good from a non-Party, the Parties shall consult, on request of the other Party, with a view to avoiding undue interference with or distortion of pricing, marketing and distribution arrangements in the other Party.
5. Paragraphs 1 through 4 shall not apply to the measures set out in Annex 4.1.
Article 4.5: Bilateral Emergency Actions
1. Subject to paragraphs 2 and 3, if a good originating in the territory of one Party is, as a result of the reduction or elimination of a duty provided for in Chapter Two, being imported into the territory of the other Party in such increased quantities, in absolute terms, and under such conditions so that the imports of such good from the exporting Party alone constitute a substantial cause of serious injury to a domestic industry producing a like or directly competitive good, the importing Party may, to the extent necessary to remedy the injury:
(a) suspend the further reduction of any rate of duty provided for under this Agreement on such good; or
(b) increase the rate of duty on such good to a level not to exceed the lesser of:
(i) the most-favoured nation (MFN) rate of duty in effect at the time,
(ii) the applicable MFN or GPT rate of duty in effect on the day immediately preceding the date of the entry into force of this Agreement.
2. The following conditions and limitations shall apply to an action authorized by paragraph 1:
(a) notification and consultation shall precede the action;
(b) no action shall be maintained for a period exceeding three years;
(c) no action may be taken or maintained by a Party against any particular good originating in the territory of the other Party after July 1, 1999; and
(d) upon the termination of the action, the rate of duty shall be the rate which would have been in effect but for the action.
3. The Party taking an action pursuant to this Article may provide to the Party against whose good the action is taken mutually agreed trade liberalizing compensation in the form of concessions having substantially equivalent trade effects or equivalent to the value of the additional duties expected to result from the action. If the Parties are unable to agree on compensation, the Party against whose good the action is taken may take action having trade effects substantially equivalent to the action taken under paragraph 1.
Article 4.6: Global Emergency Actions
1. The Parties retain their rights and obligations under Article XIX of the GATT 1994 or any safeguard agreement pursuant thereto except those regarding compensation or retaliation and exclusion from an action to the extent that such rights or obligations are inconsistent with this Article. A Party taking emergency action under Article XIX or any such agreement shall exclude from the action imports of a good from the other Party unless:
(a) imports from the other Party account for a substantial share of total imports; and
(b) imports from the other Party, contribute importantly to the serious injury, or threat thereof, caused by imports.
2. In determining whether:
(a) imports from the other Party account for a substantial share of total imports, those imports normally shall not be considered to account for a substantial share of total imports if the other Party is not among the top five suppliers of the good subject to the proceeding, measured in terms of import share during the most recent three-year period; and
(b) imports from the other Party contribute importantly to the serious injury, or threat thereof, the competent investigating authority shall consider such factors as the change in the import share of the other Party, and the level and change in the level of imports from the other Party. In this regard, imports from the other Party normally shall not be deemed to contribute importantly to a serious injury or threat thereof if the growth rate of imports from the other Party during the period in which the injurious surge in imports occurred is appreciably lower than the growth rate of total imports from all sources over the same period.
3. A Party taking such action, from which a good from the other Party is initially excluded, pursuant to paragraph 1, shall have the right subsequently to include that good from the other Party in the action in the event that the competent investigating authority determines that a surge in imports of such good from the other Party undermines the effectiveness of the action.
4. A Party shall, without delay, deliver written notice to the other Party of the institution of a proceeding that may result in emergency action under paragraph 1 or 3.
5. Neither Party may impose restrictions on a good in an action under paragraph 1 or 3:
(a) without delivery of prior written notice to the Commission, and without adequate opportunity for consultation with the other Party against whose good the action is proposed to be taken, as far in advance of taking the action as practicable; and
(b) that would have the effect of reducing imports of such good from a Party below the trend of imports of the good from that Party over a recent representative base period with allowance for reasonable growth.
6. The Party taking an action pursuant to this Article may provide to the Party against whose good the action is taken mutually agreed trade liberalizing compensation in the form of concessions having substantially equivalent trade effects or equivalent to the value of the additional duties expected to result from the action. If the Parties are unable to agree on compensation, the Party against whose good the action is taken may take action having trade effects substantially equivalent to the action taken under paragraph 1 or 3.
Article 4.7: Export Taxes
1. Neither Party may adopt or maintain any duty, tax or other charge on the export of any good to the territory of the other Party, unless such duty, tax or charge is adopted or maintained on any such good when destined for domestic consumption.
2. Paragraph 1 does not apply to the measures set out in Annex 4.1.
Article 4.8: Temporary Entry of Business Persons
In view of the preferential trading relationship between the Parties, the Parties will facilitate temporary entry on a reciprocal basis for business persons who are otherwise qualified for entry under applicable measures of the Parties relating to public health, safety and national security and governed by the principles established in the General Agreement on Trade in Services, Annex 1B of the WTO Agreement, in particular the Annex on Movement of Natural Persons Supplying Services under the Agreement.
Article 4.9: Consultations
1. The Parties shall meet on the request of either Party to consider any matter arising under this Chapter.
2. Where a Party requests consultations under paragraph 1, the Parties may refer the matter for non-binding technical advice or recommendations to a committee or working group, including an ad hoc committee or working group, or to another forum.
3. Where the Parties have consulted pursuant to this Article, the consultations shall, on the agreement of the Parties, constitute consultations under Article 8.6.
Exceptions to Article 4.1
Section A - Canadian Measures
1. Article 4.1 shall not apply to controls by Canada on the export of logs of all species.
2. Article 4.1 shall not apply to controls by Canada on the export of unprocessed fish pursuant to the following existing statutes, as amended as of August 12, 1992:
(a) New Brunswick Fish Processing Act, R.S.N.B. c. F-18.01 (1982), and Fisheries Development Act, S.N.B. c. F-15.1 (1977);
(b) Newfoundland Fish Inspection Act, R.S.N. 1990, c. F-12;
(c) Nova Scotia Fisheries Act, S.N.S. 1977, c. 9;
(d) Prince Edward Island Fish Inspection Act, R.S.P.E.I. 1988, c. F-13; and
(e) Quebec Marine Products Processing Act, No. 38, S.Q. 1987, c. 51.
3. Article 4.1 shall not apply to:
(a) measures by Canada respecting the exportation of liquor for delivery into any country into which the importation of liquor is prohibited by law under the existing provisions of the Export Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. E-18, as amended,
(b) Canadian excise duties on absolute alcohol used in manufacturing under the existing provisions of the Excise Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. E-14, as amended, and
(c) measures by Canada prohibiting the use of foreign or non-duty paid ships in the coasting trade of Canada unless granted a license under the Coasting Trade Act, S.C. 1992, c. 31, to the extent that such provisions were mandatory legislation at the time of Canada's accession to the GATT 1947 and have not been amended so as to decrease their conformity with the GATT 1994.
4. Article 4.1 shall not apply to:
(a) the continuation or prompt renewal of a non-conforming provision of any statute referred to in paragraph 2 or 3; and
(b) the amendment to a non-conforming provision of any statute referred to in paragraph 2 or 3 to the extent that the amendment does not decrease the conformity of the provision with Article 4.1.
Section B - Israeli Measures
1. Article 4.1 shall not apply to:
(a) controls and charges maintained by Israel on the export of metal waste and scrap;
(b) controls on imports of plastic, rubber, paper, metal and glass that are maintained by Israel for ecological purposes;
(c) subject to Israeli law, imports of meat not approved by the Chief Rabbinate; and
(d) controls maintained by Israel on the import of used clothing and made-up textile seconds.
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